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The global automotive V2X market size was valued at USD 628.9 million in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 11,088.1 million by 2029 from USD 813.9 million in 2022, at CAGR of 45.2% during the forecast period. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of 10.8% in 2020 as compared to 2019. The global COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented and staggering, with experiencing lower-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels.
Vehicle-to-everything (V2X) enables real-time communication between the vehicle and its surroundings. It includes vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-pedestrian, and vehicle-to-infrastructure, among other use cases. This technology facilitates autonomous driving, traffic flow optimization, and road safety by enabling vehicles to communicate with each other and the surrounding infrastructure. This increased situational awareness enables more connected and intelligent solutions.
COVID-19 Pandemic has Accelerated Development of Vehicle-to-Everything Globally
Investment in future-mobility technologies has continued throughout the pandemic. According to a study conducted by McKinsey regarding the mobility investment landscape, the ACES technologies that attract investment are mostly related to autonomous driving, connectivity, and electrification. According to the study, connectivity, vehicle-to-infrastructure, and vehicle-to-everything (V2I/V2X) communication solutions attracted approximately USD 18 billion in spending.
The pandemic has also accelerated regulatory changes with regards to cellular vehicle-to-everything (C-V2X). In late 2020, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to reallocate 75 MHz, with the upper 30MHz previously allocated for Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) services now assigned to C-V2X. DSRC was viewed as crucial to unlocking vehicle-to-vehicle use cases and increasing safety features. However, the FCC's decision will essentially eliminate DSRC progress and fast-track the adoption of cellular vehicle-to-everything.
Since early 2020, the pandemic-induced challenges have also stimulated digital transformation and development. Before COVID-19, autonomous vehicles (AVs) were limited by technical capabilities and not as widely used in China as they are now. The pandemic stimulated a need for AVs to deliver supplies, improve safety, and advance new infrastructures. For instance, in 2020, Baidu Apollo won bids to build V2X pilot zones in Shanxi province’s Yangquan city, Chongqing’s Yongchuan district, and Anhui province’s Hefei city.
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Increasing Adoption of C-V2X will Positively Influence Growth
Cellular vehicle-to-everything is supported by leading mobile equipment makers, telecommunications operators, and many automakers, including Daimler, SAIC, Ford, Tesla, Audi, PSA, Nissan, BMW, and Lexus. For instance, beginning in 2022, Ford committed to deploying C-V2X in all new U.S. vehicle models, pending the Federal Communications Commission vote on spectrum allocation. The company also planned to deploy this technology in all Ford vehicles in China in 2021. Thus, the increasing adoption of C-V2X will positively influence the growth rate of this market.
Traffic Safety Benefits Will Drive Growth of Market
According to a 2018 WHO report on road safety, vehicular traffic-related incidents result in more than 1.3 million fatalities every year. According to research conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), road accidents can be reduced by 80% with the help of vehicle-to-everything. It could help reduce road traffic deaths by detecting and alerting the driver of invisible objects.
For instance, an automotive V2X application such as Emergency Brake Light could alert the driver of the following vehicle in advance if it detects sudden deceleration by the leading car in a blind turn, thus avoiding a crash. According to estimates by the U.S. DOT, vehicle-to-everything would save more than 1,000 lives/year and reduce 2.3 million non-fatal injuries. Therefore, these factors will boost the growth of the market.
Economic Savings due to Vehicle-To-Everything to Augment Growth
Congested roads cost around USD 109 billion annually in Europe. Economic savings potential with a safer and more efficient transportation system are enormous. According to the U.S. DOT, annually, around USD 871 billion can be saved in the U.S. with the help of automotive V2X.
Blocked roads cause supply chain delays, increase the complexity and cost of doing business, and lower productivity. With this technology, congestion-causing factors can be detected in advance, and vehicles can react accordingly. By combining simulation models with real-time data, optimized routes can be identified to make rides faster and more efficient. These factors are attributed to the increasing demand for vehicle-to-everything in the automotive industry.
Challenges Related to Vehicle-To-Everything Testing Will Restrain Growth of Market
Some of the challenges faced in automotive V2X testing include huge costs in setting up test tracks, actual vehicles, and the infrastructure required for testing. Moreover, setting up high-density traffic with millions of scenarios is practically challenging & cost-intensive. Additionally, certain traffic scenarios are fatal to test with humans. For example, testing of applications such as Abnormal Vehicle Warning (AVW), Control Loss Warning (CLW), Hazardous Location Warning (HLN). Another challenge with testing is non-availability of the specific spectrum a deterrent to testing on real roads, and also replicating test scenarios in the real world is challenging. Hence, these factors will restrain the automotive V2X market growth.
DSRC Segment Held Largest Market Share Owing to Ease of Implementation
By connectivity type, the market is segmented into DSRC and cellular. The DSRC segment held the largest market share in 2021 due to ease of implementation, fully designed technology, and verified data security standards.
The cellular segment is expected to exhibit a higher CAGR in the market during the forecast period. Cellular vehicle-to-everything is a cost-effective and versatile solution that can provide secure short-range and long-range connectivity over a wide area. It offers improved safety features, greater capacity and lowers the chance of interruptions in service. These factors will fuel the growth of this segment.
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V2V Segment Held the Largest Share Backed by Increasing Demand for Driving Assistance
By communication type, the market is segmented into vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P), and others. The V2V segment held the largest share of the market. V2V can provide drivers with other vehicles information, including speed, direction, and location, and alert them of any potential danger in scenarios such as blind spots, heavy traffic, intersections, and terrain issues, among other situations. These factors will drive the growth of this segment.
The V2I segment is also expected to show considerable growth over the forecast period. V2I can assist the development of driver assistance systems such as autonomous driving and intelligent parking that can enhance future planning of parking lots, traffic lanes, and more to manage optimal traffic flow. This will drive the implementation of V2I technology.
Passenger Cars Dominated the Market Owing to Higher Demand Among Private Consumers
Based on vehicle type, the market is segmented into passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The passenger cars segment held the largest share of the market. Major automakers have already deployed V2X. For instance, Toyota has been instrumental in vehicle-to-everything progress, deploying more than 100,000 Lexus and Toyota vehicles equipped with DSRC technology. Similarly, in Europe, Volkswagen has implemented DSRC-based vehicle-to-everything in its new Golf models. These factors are attributed to the dominance of this segment.
The commercial vehicles segment is also expected to show considerable growth in the market. Factors such as the potential to reduce collisions, decrease emissions, and improve platooning that can make goods transport more efficient will propel the growth of this segment.
OBU Segment Held Largest Market Share in 2021 Owing to its Low Cost
Based on unit type, the market is segmented into the onboard unit (OBU) and roadside unit (RBU). The OBU segment held the largest share of the market as it is the essential component necessary for sharing data with other vehicles OBUs and roadside networks in real-time and can enable adding applications through its established software platform. The RSU segment is also expected to show good growth in the market due to decreasing deployment cost, help in managing traffic flow, and improving pedestrian and driver safety, among other applications.
Asia Pacific held the largest automotive V2X market share and stood at USD 259.0 million in 2021. Telecommunication technology providers and automotive OEMs are the key players working on vehicle-to-everything development in this region. Japan and China are expected to lead the Asia Pacific in terms of technology development. For instance, in Chongqing, a vehicle-to-everything pilot zone within 20 square kilometers of Yongchuan district is testing level 4 autonomous vehicles, which can drive almost all the time without human control.
Europe is expected to show good growth in the market. The region witnessed numerous research initiatives, industrial consortiums, and collaborative testing for vehicle-to-everything communication. For instance, the CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium, comprising multiple technology developers and automakers, focuses on developing intelligent transport systems and implementing them on European roads.
North America is expected to have significant growth in the market owing to increasing vehicle-to-everything technology deployment by major automakers in this region. In partnership with the Ohio Department of Transportation, Honda is deploying the highest-density V2X environment of its kind with the U.S. State Route 33 Smart Mobility Corridor. Similarly, in partnership with the Virginia DOT, Audi announced a pilot program for cellular vehicle-to-everything deployments starting in Q3 of 2020.
According to the Alliance for Automotive Innovation (AAI), the companies with deployed or announced deployments account for over 60% of the automotive market share in the U.S. in 2019. Hence, these factors will propel the growth of the market in this region.
LG Electronics is a Leading Player in Market due to its Diverse Product and Patent Portfolio
LG Electronics accounts for the second-largest patent count for this technology behind Qualcomm. It holds the second position regarding C-V2X patents (2,707) and the first position regarding short-range or WLAN-based V2X patents. Hence, a diverse patent portfolio will allow the company to generate significant revenue through its licensing operations.
An Infographic Representation of Automotive V2X Market
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The global automotive V2X market research report covers a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product types, and leading product applications. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors mentioned above, the report delivers an in-depth market analysis of several factors contributing to its growth in recent years.
Value (USD Million)
By Connectivity Type
By Communication Type
By Vehicle Type
By Unit Type
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 628.9 million in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 11,088.1 million by 2029.
In 2021, the Asia Pacific market value stood at USD 259.0 million.
The market will exhibit stellar growth with a CAGR of 45.2% during the forecast period (2022-2029).
The DSRC segment held the largest share of the market in 2021.
Rising road traffic safety due to automotive vehicle-to-everything is the key factor driving the growth of the market.
LG Electronics, Qualcomm Technologies, and Ford are the major players in the global market.
Asia Pacific held the largest share in the market in 2021.
Factors such as increasing pedestrian and driving safety, enhanced driving experience, and economic savings due to optimized traffic flow are expected to boost the drive the product adoption during the forecast period.
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