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The global autonomous bus door system market size was USD 184.0 million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 288.0 million by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 12.0% during the forecast period.
Connectivity and automation technology have become a major revolution in the automotive industry. Along with self-driving cars, autonomous buses are gaining popularity to reduce environmental pollution, curb rising road accidents, and reduce fuel costs. Autonomous buses use several sensors and advanced components such as LiDAR, RADAR, and camera to enhance their efficiency.
Earlier, the bus doors were operated using a button. However, nowadays the automatic bus doors have taken over the traditional door system in buses, which consist of motion sensors that open or close when any object comes nearer to the door. These sensors further detect the motion of the bus and do not open the door while the bus moves during the commute. Another safety feature of automatic bus doors is that the doors remain open if any object is between the doors. The operation of automatic bus door systems is carried out with the help of pneumatic or electric components. In recent years, most of the automatic doors are equipped with mechanical components too, which prove beneficial when electrical components fail to open the door.
The increasing investment in the automated bus door system market is expected to have a beneficial impact on customers and companies. In addition to this, several service providers are focusing on expanding their fleets to meet growing consumer demand. The increasing adoption of autonomous bus door systems is promoting the operation of the emerging logistics industry, which is positively affecting the market expansion of the autonomous bus door systems.
Impact of COVID-19: Ban on Public Transport to Limit Market Growth
The COVID-19 outbreak has severely affected the global public transportation travel rate. Governments and transportation agencies around the world have suspended transportation services to curb the spread of the virus. Amid nationwide lockdown, public transportation has been disturbed, and their services have come to a halt. In order to maintain social distance, the majority of people are favoring e-bike sharing. Due to the increasing impact of the novel coronavirus on automated buses, the automated bus door system market has fallen sharply. Transportation agencies cannot maintain economic losses amid prolonged lockdown. For example, in the first half of 2020, the number of passengers in San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) decreased by 93%, and the continued downturn in the service industry may affect profitability.
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Increasing Smart City Projects a Positive Trend for Market Growth
In recent years, there has been a tremendous rise in smart city projects across the globe. Governments in various countries are looking forward to executing advanced connected infrastructure and the internet of things (IoT) to reduce traffic congestion and enhance transportation services in developing and developed cities. The Chinese government is implementing smart city projects in more than 300 cities. The focus of the smart city project is the development of autonomous buses, interconnected infrastructure, and shared transportation services. For example, in September 2017, Baidu announced an autonomous driving program called "Apollo Fund" to enhance transportation services in development of smart cities. The company is committed to developing 100 autonomous driving projects by 2021. The increasing investment by governments and technology giants is one of the positive trends in market growth.
Increasing Adoption of Advanced Driver Assistance System to Fuel Market Growth
Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) assists the driver through its artificial intelligence and other advanced features. Thereby avoiding distraction and reducing stress on the driver. The rapid adoption of software algorithms, sensors, cameras, processors, and advanced technology has improved the applicability of ADAS in autonomous buses. In recent years, automakers are integrating ADAS into autonomous buses to curb rising road accidents globally. For example, in January 2019, the Seoul government and SK Telecom partnered to equip 5G enabled Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) on 1700 buses, which would help to provide real-time HD maps for traffic alerts.
Development of Connected Infrastructure to Drive the Growth of the Market
In recent years, transportation infrastructure has made tremendous progress owing to the rapid adoption of the internet of things (IoT). Key companies such as IBM and Cisco have focused to develop automated street traffic lights and augmented surveillance. For example, in June 2017, the Las Vegas government partnered with Cisco to implement connected infrastructure to give real-time traffic alerts to the driver, reduce traffic congestion, and enhance the response time for emergency vehicles. The adoption of connected infrastructure is anticipated to fuel the demand for autonomous vehicles.
High Manufacturing Cost of Components to Restrain Growth
The autonomous bus door system is an emerging market in the automotive industry. It offers several technologically advanced safety functions for the vehicle and its occupants, with higher comfort and safety. However, the adoption of IoT services will incur additional costs related to telecommunication services, connection solution costs, and hardware systems, which are restraining the market growth.
RADAR, LIDAR, and other sensors are installed on the autonomous bus to achieve smooth performance. For example, the cost of high-end radar technology is approximately USD 75,000. This, in turn, increases the manufacturing cost of autonomous buses. Therefore, the high manufacturing cost of vehicles is restraining the growth of the market.
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BRT Bus Segment to Hold Largest Market Share Owing to Reducing Number of Fatal Accidents
This market by bus type is segmented into the shuttle bus, articulated bus, city bus, and BRT bus.
BRT corridors help reduce fatal accidents and traffic congestion and are among the high-quality public transportation systems that can provide fast and comfortable traveling solutions. It is also a cost-effective solution that can replace expensive urban rail transit investments. For example, in February 2020, the Karnataka government introduced BRT corridors between two major cities Hubballi & Dharwad. This has made public buses more reliable, convenient, and faster.
The articulated bus segment is expected to be the fastest-growing over the forecast period. As these buses have two sections, they can carry a large number of passengers at a time.
Sliding Plug Door holds Largest Market Share Owing to its Enhanced Sealing Property
Based on door type, the market is segmented into the conventional, sliding plug, folding, and inward gliding.
The sliding plug door is expected to dominate the market over the forecast period owing to its less obstruction and enhanced sealing capacity. Due to the larger opening of sliding plug doors, passengers can move in and out of the bus without any obstruction. Sliding doors are designed for low-floor buses and are expected to prove beneficial in BRT buses. The door can be operated on hydraulic and pneumatic door pumps. Sliding doors have the best airtightness and proved to be helpful in the winter and rainy season.
Electric Segment to Dominate the Market
Based on operation, the market is segmented into pneumatic and electric.
The electric segment is expected to show considerable growth in the market. Electric door pumps are compact in shape and noiseless in nature compared to pneumatic door pumps. They are easy to install and have less maintenance owing to fewer mechanical linkages. Compared to pneumatic pumps, electric door pumps have advanced features such as obstruction sensing technology.
The pneumatic segment is expected to showcase a considerable growth during the forecast period amid less cost and highly durable linkages.
Electric segment to grow at a Faster Pace owing to Stringent Emission Regulations
Based on the propulsion type, the market is segmented into an internal combustion engine and electric.
The electric bus market will dominate the market during the forecast period. According to the United Nation Environment Program (UNEP) report, urban buses account for one of the major shares of air pollution. In order to develop fast and low-emission transportation, UNEP is offering technical support in 20 cities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Such government initiatives are expected to boost the demand for electric buses during the forecast period.
Europe Autonomous Bus Door System Market Size, 2019 (USD Million)
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Based on the region, the market is segmented into North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, and Rest of the World.
Europe is anticipated to dominate the market during the forecast period. Stringent emission norms imposed by the government in this region is anticipated to maintain its dominance in the market. For example, in June 2020, the Natural and bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA) in Europe proposed to develop a Euro 7 Emission standard for trucks, buses, and cars. This is anticipated to enhance the air quality in Europe, especially in developed cities, which in turn will benefit human health. The region stood at USD 10.0 million in 2019.
Asia Pacific will maintain its second-largest market position. The increasing number of road accidents and traffic congestion in this region has fueled the demand for safe and time-saving transportation.
North America is anticipated to showcase a considerable growth in the market. The increasing adoption of low-emission vehicles and connected infrastructure is fueling the demand for autonomous bus door systems.
The rest of the world is expected to experience slow growth in the market amid a lack of infrastructure and low investment made by the government in this region.
Daimler AG is Anticipated to be the Dominant Player amid its Multiple Partnerships and Investments Globally
Key players in the global autonomous bus door system market include Continental AG, AB Volvo, and Daimler AG, among others. Daimler is a major player in the market that manufactures technologically advanced buses. Increasing partnerships with key players to manufacture cost-effective components and provide support and services all over the globe have strengthened its market position. Due to multiple strategic partnerships and investments, Daimler AG is expected to occupy a larger autonomous bus door system market share.
An Infographic Representation of Autonomous Bus Door System Market
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The autonomous bus door system market research report covers a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product types, and leading applications of the product. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the report delivers an in-depth market analysis of several factors that have contributed to its growth over recent years.
Value (USD Million) & Volume (Thousand Units)
By Bus Type
By Door Type
By Propulsion Type
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size for Autonomous Bus Door System was USD 184.0 million in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 288.0 million by 2027.
In 2019, the Europe market value stood at USD 10.0 million.
Registering a CAGR of 12.0%, the market will exhibit good growth in the forecast period (2020-2027).
The BRT segment is expected to be the leading segment in this market during the forecast period.
Increasing adoption of connected infrastructure is the key factor driving the growth of the market.
Daimler AG, Vapor Bus International, Volvo, and Caterpillar are the major players in the global market.
Europe held the largest share in the market in 2019.
The rising adoption of the ADAS system is expected to drive the autonomous bus door system.
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