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The global calcium carbide market size was USD 14.28 billion in 2020. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with the product witnessing a fueling demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a growth of 1.5% in 2020 as compared to the average year-on-year growth during 2017-2019. The market is projected to grow from USD 14.78 billion in 2021 to USD 20.09 billion by 2028 at a CAGR of 4.5% during the 2021-2028 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
Calcium carbide, also known as CaC₂, is mainly used to produce acetylene, calcium cyanamide, toy cannons, and carbide lamps. It is also used for desulfurization, slag conditioning, and furnace injection during the production of steel. In the current scenario, it is widely used to produce acetylene gas which in turn is used to produce polyvinyl chloride or PVC. The production of PVC using CaC₂ has been considered a feasible method because it does not require the use of petroleum or natural gas and has advantages such as lower molecular weight and better plasticizing properties than petroleum-based PVC. The current calcium carbide market trends in the global market are the rising demand for PVC-based plastic products and the growing chemical, steel, and agriculture industries.
Decreased Demand for PVC to Thwart Market amid COVID-19 Pandemic
China is a significant producer and supplier of raw materials across the globe. The spread of COVID-19 has had a vital impact on the supply chain. It has a major application for the production of acetylene gas, which is likely to impact the market. This factor is associated with the countrywide lockdown in China, leading to the diminished production capacities significantly, unfavorable labor situation, lack of transportation, and declined export activities.
Further, the demand for PVC is also decreasing, which affects the demand for calcium carbide. The decreasing PVC demand can be attributed to plant shutdowns, lowering construction activities, and slowdowns in the supply chain. Moreover, the pandemic has also caused a break in the export and import chain, resulting in high export prices. All the aforementioned factors are directly or indirectly affecting the calcium acetylide market growth.
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Growing Demand for Acetylene in Various Applications is a Notable Trend
The rising commercial application of acetylene has improved the demand for calcium carbide. Applications of acetylene include potable lightning, welding and cutting of metals, production of chemicals, manufacturing of plastics, and others. PVC and PVDF are made from acetylene derivatives such as methane and ethylene. Plastics are very cost-effective and easy to manufacture products that have applications in various industries. This rising demand for plastics is further supporting the growth of the market. Additionally, acetylene is used for the synthesis of various chemicals. The gradual growth in the chemical industry will further support the calcium acetylide market growth.
Growing Demand for Acetylene and its Derivatives to Drive Market
CaC2 is used as a raw material in producing various chemicals, including acetylene and its derivatives such as acrylic fibers, resins, polymers, and more. The growth in the production of acetylene and its derivatives has effectively influenced calcium carbide market growth.
Acetylene is further used in various industries such as pharmaceuticals, plastics, dye, and rubber. Acetylene derivatives are used in various consumer products such as hair sprays, cosmetics, sunscreens, and lotions. Also, these derivatives serve as a feedstock for the production of polyurethane fibers and synthetic rubber. Currently, acetylene is mainly used in the production of PVC in China, a dominant country in the production and consumption of acetylene. Hence, the growing demand for acetylene and its derivatives is expected to drive the products consumption during the review period.
Increasing Production of Steel to Propel the Growth of the Market
CaC2 is used as a desulfurizing and reducing agent in the steel industry. Besides, it is also used as a modulizing agent in the production of domlur graphite in iron and as a finishing slag component in ferrous and non-ferrous refining. In certain industrial processes, CaC2 is also used as a dehydrating agent. This increase is associated with the robustness of steel demand, improving investments, and infrastructure programs. Hence, the increasing production of steel around the globe, owing to its demand, is expected to propel the market's growth.
Harmful Effects of Calcium Carbide on Health to Limit Market Growth
Calcium carbide can be harmful to the consumer’s health during the long time exposure. Moreover, it is used for food treatment, which is extremely hazardous as it contains bits of phosphorous and arsenic and produces acetylene gas once dissolved in water. Arsenic and acetylene gas can affect different organs of the human body and cause various health problems such as dizziness, headache, sleepiness, mood disturbances, seizures, and prolonged hypoxia. The rising awareness of its health effects may reduce its demand, thus restraining market growth.
Numerous Applications of Acetylene Gas to Boost the Market
The demand for acetylene gas is increasing from several applications such as synthesizing solvents and organic compounds required in the pharmaceutical and dyestuff industries, oxyacetylene welding, and manufacturing plastics and synthetic rubber. This factor has led to the rising production of acetylene gas which is expected to increase the consumption of calcium carbide.
Acetylene gas is set to witness high demand from polyvinyl chloride production, a preferred plastic for pipes & fittings, films & sheets, and wires & cables. The use of acetylene gas produced from calcium carbide is the preferred raw material for the production of PVC as it avoids the dependability of petroleum and natural gas.
Increasing preference for calcium cyanamide from the agriculture industry to produce fertilizers is surging the product growth globally. Rising demand for reducing and dehydrating agents from the chemical industry will provide growth opportunities for the market. Further, the growing product usage in desulfurizing iron and as a fuel in steel-making applications will drive the market during the review period. Others segment is anticipated to grow due to the increasing use of calcium carbide in the toy cannons, carbide lamps, and fruit ripening.
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Calcium Carbide Segment to Exhibit a Significant CAGR during the Forecast Period
Calcium carbide produces various chemicals such as acetylene and its derivative, including acrylic fibers, resins, polymers; calcium cyanamide; and other organic chemicals. The increasing demand for acetylene and its derivatives from the pharmaceutical and plastics industries and calcium cyanamide from the agriculture industry is expected to drive the segment. Also, the rising chemical industry is expected to support the calcium carbide segment’s growth.
Similarly, the steel-making segment is expected to offer impetus to the market during the forecast period due to CaC2 as a desulfurizing and reducing agent and fuel in the steel industry. The increasing demand for desulfurizing and reducing agents from the steel industry will drive the demand for the market globally.
Asia Pacific Calcium Carbide Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific stood at USD 13.67 billion in 2020. The region is expected to witness the highest growth in the market during the forecast period. The prospering chemical and steel manufacturing industry in the region is a key driver of the market. China, Japan, and India are key countries contributing to the market growth in the region owing to the rising PVC production in these countries.
North America accounted for a significant share in 2020 and is anticipated to remain a key market region during the forecast period due to the increased demand from chemical, steel, and industrial applications. However, calcium carbide demand in the North America region is anticipated to grow at a relatively lower CAGR because natural gas and petroleum-based processes for the production of PVC have been replaced by the calcium carbide-to-PVC method.
On the other hand, Europe is projected to witness significant growth in the calcium acetylide market. The increasing demand for calcium cyanamide from the agriculture industry would contribute to the growth of the market in the region. Additionally, the use of the CaC2 for the desulfurization of iron and as a fuel in steelmaking and the expanding steel industry are other key factors driving the calcium acetylide market growth in Europe.
The rest of the world is predicted to observe a lower growth rate than other regions due to the preference for petroleum-based processes for acetylene production.
Market Players to Strengthen Positions by Offering Innovative Solutions to the Chemical Industry
Major producers of this market are located in China, thereby leading to a fragmented market. The producers located in North America and Europe are aiming to increase their presence in China and other countries in Asia Pacific to strengthen their market positions and drive the organization's business growth. These key players in the market have developed a strong regional presence, distribution channels, and product offerings.
KC Group has maintained a strong presence in the domestic market. The company adopted strategies of having a good consumer relationship, maintaining and gaining a presence in the local market, and providing quality products.
An Infographic Representation of Calcium Carbide Market
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The global calcium carbide market report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on crucial aspects such as leading companies, applications, and products. Also, it offers insights into market trends and highlights vital industry developments. In addition to the factors mentioned above, the report encompasses various factors that have contributed to the growth of the market over recent years.
Value (USD Billion); Volume (Million Ton)
By Application, By End-User, By Geography
Fortune Business Insights says that the market size was USD 14.28 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 20.09 billion by 2028.
In 2020, the market value stood at USD 13.67 billion.
Registering a CAGR of 4.5%, the market will exhibit steady growth in the forecast period (2021-2028).
The acetylene gas segment is expected to lead based on the application.
The rising production of acetylene and its derivatives will drive market growth.
Carbide Industries LLC, Inner Mongolia Baiyanhu Chemical Co., Ltd., and MCB Industries Sdn. Bhd. are the major players in the market.
The rising demand for PVC-based plastic products and growing chemical, steel, and agriculture industries are expected to drive the adoption of the product.
Asia Pacific dominated the global market in terms of share in 2020.
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