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The global FPSO market size was USD 13.06 billion in 2019. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with floating production storage and offloading units witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the market will exhibit a huge decline of over -48% in 2020. The market is projected to grow from USD 6.78 billion in 2020 to USD 17.30 billion in 2027 at a CAGR of 14.3% during the 2020-2027 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
Floating production storage and offloading or FPSO unit is a special type of vessel used across the oil & gas industry to produce and store a huge quantity of hydrocarbons from offshore basins. The vessel is widely used across different water depths to store and process the crude oil produced from the wells. It is manufactured either using an existing ship through necessary modifications or by building a new special vessel from scratch. The unit holds various types of equipment to perform actions such as treatment and separation of the crude oil to help contractors for efficient management and offloading of the output, reducing the dependency on external pipeline infrastructure.
Reduced Global Demand for Oil & Gas amid COVID-19 to Hamper Growth
The fast-paced spread of COVID-19, a type of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), has significantly worsened the situations for different industries. Various nations have introduced stern actions to mitigate the coronavirus impact such as national or state level lockdown. Consequently, the pandemic has obstructed the oil & gas industry leaving the market in turmoil. Various factors such as a drop in the global demand and an ongoing price war evolved by the international crisis have impacted the financial health of different industries. Additionally, investment shortages in the under completed projects and significant issues across the transportation chain of crude oil and petroleum products are anticipated to play a pivotal role as long as the viral infection spread is not contained.
For instance, in March 2020, the International Energy Agency (IEA) estimated that the global crude oil demand in 2020 stands at about 99.9 million barrels a day, declining by about 90,000 barrels a day compared to the previous year.
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Imposition of Long-Term Contracts Among Companies a Key Trend to Propel Growth
The global market is experiencing a large number of long-term agreements between various industry participants. These contracts involve building and operating the vessels such as front-end engineering and design (FEED), operations & maintenance, commissioning, and technology upgrading. For instance, in September 2020, SRO Solutions, a U.K. based technology company, announced the complete digitalization of a couple of floating production storage and offloading vessels owned by MODEC in Ghana.
Collaborative Effort by Industry Players to Develop High Capacity Fields to Favor Industry Landscape
Different oil & gas companies are making efforts to integrate the technology offerings and produce from various assets. The partnerships are set to provide an opportunity to generate significant investments for the deployment of different platforms & equipment. For instance, in October 2020, two key hydrocarbon industry players, BP and Equinor, collectively announced to find two new oil reserves in offshore Canada. The two resources named Cambriol and Cappahayden are located at the 600 meters and 1,000 meters’ water depth, respectively.
Increasing Energy Demand Globally to Aid Market Growth
Various emerging and developed countries have observed a significant increase in energy consumption over the years. The rising need for reliable fuel sources such as oil, gas, and other petrochemicals from power generation stations to operate various machinery is set to boost the floating production storage and offloading market. For instance, in September 2019, the U.S. EIA anticipated that over half of the global energy consumption increase will incur from the non-Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Asian nations India and China by 2050. Additionally, the report projected that the energy intake would almost double in the region, with India and China being significant contributors to the demand upsurge.
Continuous Discoveries of New Offshore Reserves with High Output Potential to Augment Growth
Different oil & gas exploration companies have demonstrated their efforts to encounter new bulk capacity reservoirs unlocking new industry potential. The enterprises have drilled various wildcat wells in different basins to substantiate their findings and quantify the production capacity of zones. For instance, in December 2020, Brazilian company Petrobras confirmed its discovery of a new oil reserve in the Buzios field in the Santos Basin located in offshore Brazil. The well is located in an ultra-deepwater depth of about 1,850 meters with an excellent quality oil reservoir.
High Initial Constructing Cost to Hinder Market Growth
The construction of floating production, storage, and offloading vessels requires building and integrating various components & structures, leading to a significant amount of money. Additionally, certain selection & designing factors are considered for the deployment of FPSO in the oil & gas industry, including production capacity, hydrocarbon reserves, number of wells, water depth, and existing infrastructure constraining the building and operational flexibility. These factors are likely to impact the FPSO market growth.
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1-2 MMBBLs Segment Anticipated to Lead
Based on storage capacity, the market is trifurcated into less than 1 MMBBLs, 1-2 MMBBLs, and more than 2 MMBBLs.
FPSO units with a storage capacity of less than 1 million barrels (MMBBLs) are projected to showcase a significant rise during the forecast period as the vessels greatly help in near-shore depths providing less complex operations.
The 1-2 MMBBLs segment is anticipated to experience considerable growth due to the awarding of new vessel contracts with large capacity and the detection of new bulk reserves.
Deepwater Segment to Dominate Backed by New Reserves Discovery in Deeper Formations
Based on water depth, this industry can be primarily segregated into shallow water, deepwater, and ultra-deepwater.
Continuous discovery of deepwater reserves, coupled with the rising inclination of E&P companies to produce from deeper reservoirs, is set to propel the deepwater segment.
The shallow water segment is expected to hold a significant market share as various regions are currently focusing on producing from continental shelves and continental slopes.
New Build Segment Projected to Generate Highest CAGR
Based on the construction type, the market is segmented into a converted and new build.
The new-build segment is expected to hold substantial growth due to the higher cost of construction for new vessels and a wide range of configuration options, and optimum design flexibility as per the contractor’s requirements.
The converted segment is likely to grow considerably owing to its low capital expenditure, along with short procurement cycles.
Double Hull Segment Demand is Augmented by Various Design Advantages Supporting Easy Operations
Based on hull type, the market is bifurcated into a single hull and double hull.
The double hull segment is likely to witness significant growth over the forecast timeframe as the design offers a dedicated containment area and lowers the risks of oil spills.
A single type of hull imparts more design stability to the system as it balances the meta-centric height and center of gravity of the vessels optimally. This is likely to lead to segmental growth during the forecast period.
Operator Owned Segment to Hold Dominating Position
Based on ownership, the market can be broadly categorized into contractor-owned and operator-owned, with further partitions into subcategories centered on the management of the vessels.
Various contractors are participating across the industry to provide vessels to the field operators within a little time, propelling the contractor-owned segment size.
The presence of key operators and a long-standing presence in developing offshore reservoirs complement the operator-owned segment's growth.
Middle East & Africa FPSO Market Size, 2019 (USD Billion)
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The market has been analyzed across five key regions, including North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.
Asia Pacific is anticipated to be one of the leading regions in the global floating production storage and offloading market due to rapidly rising energy demand among the developing economies. Additionally, the increasing exploration & production activities in the region is expected to favor the market growth. For instance, in December 2017, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) announced the discovery of new reserves in the Junggar Basin located in Xinjiang province with a total estimated reservoir capacity between 0.52 to 1.24 billion tons of recoverable crude oil.
North America has a long-standing presence in the floating production storage and offloading industry and operates one of the time-tested units in its harsh water conditions. Besides, high production targets from the regional agencies and the presence of various industry giants are expected to favor the regional growth. For instance, in November 2019, the U.S. Energy Information Administration reported that around 19% of the country’s total crude oil production in 2018 was achieved from the Federal Gulf of Mexico waters. The organization further stated that approximately 3% of the national dry gas was derived from the same fields.
The Middle East & Africa is projected to be the most prominent region globally due to increasing investments in exploring offshore assets and discovering new bulk reserves. The region stood at USD 4.75 billion in 2019. Various regional countries, including Angola, Nigeria, and Ghana, have significantly proven and unproven offshore reservoirs and exhibit an established presence in deploying FPSO units at different depths. The collaboration efforts from various players to explore these reserves is another factor augmenting the regional growth. For instance, in November 2020, a Nigerian oil & gas company First E&P announced to initiate oil production through the Abigail-Joseph floating production storage and offloading vessel located in shallow waters of the country’s offshore basin. The company chartered the vessel from Yinson in February 2019 with the seven-year agreement and an option to extend it up to 15 years.
MODEC to Advance its Fleet Ownership and Initiate Several Contracts to Fortify its Industry Foothold
Various regional and global companies are actively participating in the industry to provide different components, equipment, services, and solutions. The companies concentrate on enhancing their offerings to deliver cost-effective operation solutions and foster production & processing capacities. MODEC, Inc. is a Japanese enterprise dealing in engineering, procurement, construction, and installation of floating production storage and offloading units. The company provides a wide range of services primarily related to the FPSO hull and mooring, along with operations & maintenance solutions, to gain various long-term agreements.
For instance, in December 2020, Modec Inc. secured a contract from Woodside to deliver the operations & maintenance contract for Sangomar floating production storage and offloading vessels in Senegal. The new deal is set to cover the installation & commissioning operations, along with O&M, for a decade with an optional extension for up to 10 additional years after the initial period.
An Infographic Representation of FPSO Market
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The research and business intelligence report offer an in-depth analysis of the market. It further provides details on the adoption of the product across several regions. Information on trends, opportunities, drivers, restraints, and threats of the market can further aid stakeholders in gaining valuable insights into the market. The report offers a detailed competitive landscape by presenting information on key players and their strategies in the market.
Value (USD Billion)
Storage Capacity; Water Depth; Construction Type; Hull Type; Ownership; and Region
By Storage Capacity
By Water Depth
By Construction Type
By Hull Type
Fortune Business Insights says that the market size was USD 13.06 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 17.30 billion by 2027.
In 2019, the Middle East and Africa stood at USD 4.75 billion.
Registering a CAGR of 14.3%, the market will exhibit substantial growth over the forecast period (2020-2027).
The 1-2 MMBBLs storage capacity segment is anticipated to dominate this market during the forecast period.
The growing discovery of new crude oil reserves in offshore locations, along with the increasing energy demand, is the major factor expected to drive the market growth.
Petrobras, CNOOC, BW Offshore, MODEC, and Total are key participants operating across the industry.
The Middle East & Africa dominated the market in terms of share in 2019.
The discovery of new offshore reserves, along with significant oil, attracts the required investments to deploy FPSO vessels and produce hydrocarbons from the large capacity reserves over a longer period through optimized production & processing operations.
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