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Microbial Fuel Cell Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Type (Mediated, Unmediated), By End-User (Residential & Commercial, Industrial, Transportation, Military, Utilities, Others) and Regional Forecast, 2023-2030

Region : Global | Report ID: FBI101733 | Status : Ongoing



With the increasing growth in population and improvement in living standards, the human demand for backup power generation has also increased. Although various power generation methods are available, alternative and localized power generation for backup purposes is still not commercially viable. The energy supply may not match energy demand. Fuel cells can be used to fulfill the backup energy demands of the system. A microbial fuel cell (MFC), or biological fuel cell, is a bio-electrochemical system that drives an electric current by using bacteria and mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature. It converts chemical energy into electrical energy by action of microorganisms.

Based on type, the microbial fuel cell is divided into mediated and unmediated. Most microbial cells are electrochemically inactive. Electron transfer from microbial cells to the electrode is facilitated by mediators such as thionine, methyl viologen, methyl blue, humic acid, and neutral red. Most available mediators are expensive and toxic. Mediator-free microbial fuel cells use electrochemically active bacteria to transfer electrons to the electrode (electrons are carried directly from the bacterial respiratory enzyme to the electrode). Among the electrochemically active bacteria are Shewanella putrefaciens, Aeromonas hydrophila, and others. Based on end-user, the global microbial fuel cell is divided into residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, military, utilities, etc.

Key Market Driver -

Key Market Driver – Increase in demand for portable water and wastewater treatment

Key Market Restraint -

Key Market Restraint – High initial investment

The primary market driver for the global microbial fuel cell market is the increase in demand portable water and wastewater treatment from various industries. The key market restraint for the global microbial fuel cell is high initial investment to set up the water treatment plant and advanced technology, which increases the overall cost of the system.  

Key Players Covered:

Some of the notable companies in the global microbial fuel cell  market are Praxair, Inc,  metprocell, AVL, Ballard Power Systems, Toshiba, Plug Power, FuelCell Energy, Hydrogenics, Doosan Fuel Cell America, Inc., Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies, Intelligent Energy, Nuvera Fuel Cells, LLC,  Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology, Vinpro, JSP Enviro and Pearl Hydrogen Technology Co.,Ltd.

Regional Analysis:

The global microbial fuel cell market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. North America and Europe are expected to dominate the microbial fuel cell technology. North America and Europe spend a considerable amount of research and development activities to make this technique economically viable.

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China and Japan have also been paying attention to upcoming high-tech technology like microbial fuel cells. Several existing fuel cell manufacturers are in the research and development phase of microbial fuel cells. Some Indian research teams and startups have developed microbial fuel cell technology, which is under demonstration phase.  




By Type

  • Mediated

  • Unmediated

By End-User

  • Residential & Commercial

  • Industrial

  • Transportation

  • Military

  • Utilities

  • Others

By Geography

  • North America (USA and Canada)

  • Europe (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain and Rest of Europe)

  • Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, Australia, Southeast Asia and Rest of Asia Pacific)

  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America)

  • Middle East & Africa (GCC, South Africa, and Rest of Middle East & Africa)

 Key Industry Developments

  • In January 2019, JSP Enviro, a Chennai-based startup, is in talks with a garment-dyeing unit in Tirupur to set up a prototype microbial fuel cell technology wastewater treatment plant that would generate power. The startup was founded by alumni of the Indian Institute of Technology-Madras (IIT-M).

  • In February 2019, a team of researchers from IIT Bombay has developed a design of microbial fuel cells that can produce electric energy using waste. The cells will not only help in generating power but will also curb pollution caused by untreated waste.

  • Ongoing
  • 2022
  • 2019-2021


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