"Actionable Insights to Fuel Your Growth"
Region : Global | Published Date: Upcoming | Report ID: FBI100214| Status : Upcoming
Small Hydropower is an alternative to the traditional thermal power plant and a large hydroelectric power plant. It is one of the cleanest forms of renewable energy without any impact on the environment. The small hydropower plant uses the flow of water to turn a turbine that is connected to a generator for the production of electricity. In general, three configurations such as a run-of-the-river, storage and pumped storage used for the production of electricity. If water is pumped to the upper reservoir through pumping, then it is termed as a pumped storage power plant which is not used for small hydropower.
Run-of-the-river is suitable for small hydropower which use the flowing water to generate power without needing to change river flow. The two main factors that determine the amount of power can be produced mainly the head and the flow rate. The higher head produces the same amount of electricity for smaller flow rate. Available head and flow rate determine the type of turbine to be used i.e. Impulse turbine and Reaction turbine. As running water is a resource that is globally available and renewable, harnessing its power to produce electricity is a sustainable source of energy to improve livelihoods and increase productivity. Especially in rural areas and isolated sites, small scale hydropower can represent a reliable source of energy where no other energy generation is feasible.
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Small hydropower is categorized depending upon its size, such as mini-(<1MW), micro-(<100KW), pico-(<5KW). The categorization may differ according to manufacturers and region as there are no internationally accepted standards for small hydropower. However, 10MW is generally accepted for small hydropower as per norms by the European Small Hydropower Association (ESHA) and International Union of Producers and Distributors of Electricity (UNIPEDE)
Small hydropower is the sustainable and renewable form of energy which proved to be a key factor for its potential growth in the market. The primary source of electricity generation across the globe is from the thermal power plant and hydroelectric power plant which has several socio-economic impacts on the environment. In remote places and rural areas where access to the grid is not available small hydropower is proven to be the best solution for electrification in this region.
The running flow of water is the primary source of energy in small hydropower for the generation of electricity. Due to this small hydropower is completely dependent on the availability of water which inhibits its growth. Site characteristics play an important role in the distribution of electricity from a power source to a location where energy is required. Therefore, the grid should be near to the location for efficient distribution of electricity and it’s not possible in most of the cases and increase the transmission and distribution cost (T&D) which slows down its adoption in the market.
Some of the leading companies in small hydropower market are RusHydro, Agder Energi, BC Hydro and Power Authority, Eletrobras, China Yangtze Power Co., Ltd., Statkraft, Hydro Quebec, Renewable First Ltd., European Small Hydropower Association, Energy Eastern Europe Power GmBH, Clean Innovation, Him Urja Pvt. Ltd., Vidyachal Hydro Power Pvt. Ltd., Toshiba Hydroelectric Power, Duke Energy Corporation, Mahaurja.
· Mini Hydro Power
· Micro Hydro Power
· Pico Hydro Power
· North America (USA and Canada)
· Europe (UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe)
· Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, Australia, Southeast Asia and Rest of Asia Pacific)
· Latin America (Brazil, Mexico and Rest of Latin America)
· Middle East & Africa (South Africa, GCC and Rest of Middle East & Africa)
The small hydropower market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. European Small Hydropower Association (ESHA) is a lobby promoting small hydropower in Europe and globally. In this region, countries are developing more sustainable technology which is free from any environmental impact. SHP is one of this technology which drives the market in this region for the production of electricity. Asia-Pacific is most viable for small hydropower as countries like India, China, Nepal, and Bangladesh have potential due to its rural base. The growing number of population and a huge market has certainly driven the demand for electricity. The government is taking initiative for development in the small hydropower which specifically benefits rural & remote places. MEA is growing rapidly and the demand for electricity is on the rise. Various companies and the government is keen to invest in the cleanest form of energy to reduce carbon emission.
Key Industry Developments
· In May 2018, ‘South-South Cooperation’: China-Indonesia has held a seminar on Small Hydropower International Cooperation and National Capacity building was held in Jakarta. The agenda of this seminar is to identify and develop the potential of small hydropower as Indonesia is rich in hydropower resources.
· In April 2018, The Indian Government under the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set up a fully automatic SCADA-based hydraulic turbine research and development laboratory at Alternate Hydro Energy Centre at the IIT, Roorkee. India has a potential of 20,000MW of power from small hydropower projects and the government is aiming to harness at least 50% of the potential in the next 10 years.