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The global precious metals market size was USD 261.94 billion in 2020. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with the product witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on the analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of 2.0% in 2020 as compared to the average year-on-year growth during 2017-2019. The market is projected to grow from USD 275.40 billion in 2021 to USD 403.08 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 5.6% during the 2021-2028 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
Increasing disposable incomes and changing lifestyle choices are a few of the factors driving the market. The demand for these metals is estimated to propel globally for jewelry and investment applications as gold and silver are of prime importance in wedding ceremonies of Southeast Asian countries. Therefore, the rising population and increasing spending capacity of consumers in the region will contribute to market growth.
Halt on Mining Activities amid the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Restrain the Market
The onset of the pandemic in January 2020 perpetrated significant damage to the precious metals market. To mitigate the spread of the virus, manufacturing facilities and mining activities were temporarily shut down. The production of electronic products reduced as the demand from consumers declined. Key players functioning in the electrical & electronics industry were unable to acquire silver to produce printed circuit boards and composite boards. For instance, according to Silver Institute, the demand for silver for industrial applications declined by 5% in 2020. However, increasing investments in precious metals and in Gold Exchange-Traded Fund (ETFs) slowed the damage caused by the pandemic on the market. According to a study by the World Gold Council, global investment demand for gold increased by 40% in 2020, compared to 2019. Thus, this market is expected to thrive during the forecast period.
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Consistent Growth of Industrial Sector Globally to Offer Lucrative Opportunities
The growth of end-use industries such as automotive and electrical & electronics are increasing the demand for these metals. The automotive industry is the major consumer of platinum and palladium, with primary application in the catalytic converter. Additionally, the growing awareness about environmental pollution and changing regulations regarding carbon emissions from vehicles will substantially boost the demand for metals of the platinum group for application in catalytic converters. Furthermore, the rapid expansion of the electrical & electronics industry, due to rising demand for consumer electronic products, will surge the consumption of silver. The rising demand for silver by solar panel manufacturers is aiding the demand for these metals, as silver has the ability to conduct electricity with the highest efficiency. As stated by Silver Institute, photovoltaics accounted for 10.2% of the total silver market’s demand in 2020.
Increasing Disposable Income and Changing Lifestyle to Drive Growth
Inflating disposable income and changing lifestyle choices are the important factors driving market growth. Additionally, the extensive importance of jewelry in wedding ceremonies of China, India, and other South Asian countries is projected to surge the consumption of precious metals. Furthermore, the perception of gold as a status symbol and safe haven for investment has significantly contributed to the growth of the market.
As, to avoid the risk of negative interest return rates from equities, bonds, or real estate, investors regularly flock towards gold as an asset that will maintain its value. For instance, as per the study by World Gold Council, ETFs and other investments accounted for 23% of the total gold demand in 2020. Therefore, the aforementioned factors are expected to contribute to precious metals market growth.
Inconsistent Prices of Precious Metals to Impede Growth
The precious metals prices are heavily influenced by several factors such as inflation, currency fluctuations, government reserves, and geopolitical uncertainties. Owing to such instabilities in pricing, the demand, and supply of these metals get severely affected, thereby impacting the industrial production activities. Additionally, the mining of precious minerals is a tedious task involving large capital in machinery, long working hours, and uncertainty of output is anticipated to hamper the growth. Furthermore, the inefficient polishing to preserve the luster and color of these metals will also hamper the market.
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Gold Segment Held the Dominant Position in 2020 Driven by High Demand for Jewelry
Based on type, the market for precious metals is segmented into silver, gold, and platinum group metals.
Gold occupied the dominant share of the market in 2020. The growth of the segment is associated with increasing disposable income and growing knowledge about investments amongst consumers. Gold is extensively used for jewelry and investments due to its visual appeal and aesthetics. Developing countries in Asia Pacific, such as India and China, are the major consumers of gold due to the rising spending capacity of the individuals.
The silver segment will exhibit significant growth during the forecast period. The growth is characterized by rising demand for electrical & electronics applications. In addition, the low cost of silver compared to its counterparts poses an advantage for consumers for investments and jewelry.
Platinum group metals are witnessing increasing demand for auto-catalysts applications. Owing to its highly efficient ability to capture carbon and other harmful emissions, industries are increasingly using platinum group metals to curb pollution and meet the environmental standards set by the government.
Industrial Segment to Occupy Largest Precious Metals Market Share during the Forecast Period
Based on the application, the market is segmented into industrial, jewelry, investments, and others.
The industrial segment is expected to remain the largest application during the forecast period. The segment’s growth is driven by fueling demand for silver from photovoltaic manufacturers. Depleting fossil fuels has propelled the demand for solar panels, thereby boosting segment growth.
The jewelry segment is estimated to grow at a significant CAGR during the forecast period. The primary factor for the segment’s growth is the rising disposable income of consumers, hence driving the demand for jewelry. Gold and silver are the most preferred metals to produce jewelry due to their luster and malleability. The increasing demand for jewelry from consumers in Southeast Asia, owing to the importance of gold in wedding ceremonies, is fueling the segment's growth.
Investment application is calculated to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period. The increasing investments in a commodity such as gold due to its low-risk factor compared to other investments are augmenting the segment growth. Additionally, the drop in gold spot prices amidst the COVID-19 pandemic provided investors a new opportunity to increase their wealth, thereby resulting in the segment’s growth.
Asia Pacific Precious Metals Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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The market size in the Asia Pacific stood at USD 135.04 billion in 2020. The region held a dominant share of the market in 2020 and is calculated to reserve the leading position throughout the forecast period. The domination is attributed to the presence of the largest electrical & electronics industry in the region. China and India have the widest influence on the market, owing to the countries being major consumers of gold. These countries are rapidly expanding their industrial sector by partnering with foreign investors and international companies, which are expected to boost the demand.
North America is projected to be the second-fastest-growing region in the market. The presence of major precious minerals mines in the vicinity of the region, combined with the strong manufacturing capabilities of the U.S., is likely to fuel the market growth.
Europe will witness a significant rise in demand for precious metals from industrial applications. The major automotive countries in the region are substantially contributing to the rise in demand. Furthermore, the rise in the consumption of jewelry owing to the expansion of the fashion industry in the region will support the growth.
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The growth of the market in the Middle East & Africa is characterized by high demand from Gulf countries. High demand for jewelry and industrial applications will drive the market in the region. Latin America will witness significant growth in the market owing to the high demand for industrial applications.
Joint Ventures and Acquisition of Mines Will Increase the Presence of Key Companies
Key players are implementing approaches such as joint ventures to investigate and mine precious minerals. The major companies are likely to focus on large reserves in the African region, which are unexplored. New precious mineral mining projects sanctioned by private companies and regulated by the governments are likely to support the rising demand. To expand its presence and fulfill the demand for gold in the future, Newmont Corporation is focused on acquiring mining sites and forming partnerships.
An Infographic Representation of Precious Metals Market
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The market research report provides a detailed precious metals industry analysis and focuses on key aspects, such as profiles of leading companies, precious types of metals types, and leading applications of these metals. Besides this, it offers insights into the current precious metals market trends, and dynamics, and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the advanced market over recent years.
Volume (Kiloton); Value (USD Billion)
By Type, By Application and By Geography
North America (By Type, By Application, By Country)
Europe (By Type, By Application, By Country)
Asia Pacific (By Type, By Application, By Country)
South America (By Type, By Application, By Country)
The Middle East & Africa (By Type, By Application, By Country)
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 261.94 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 403.08 billion by 2028.
In 2020, the Asia Pacific market value stood at USD 135.04 billion.
Registering a CAGR of 5.6%, the market will exhibit decent growth in the forecast period (2021-2028).
The gold segment is expected to lead this market during the forecast period.
The increasing disposable income and changing lifestyle choices is the major factor driving the growth of the market.
Newmont Corporation, Barrick Gold Corporation, and Kinross Gold Corporation are the major players in the market.
Asia Pacific dominated the market in terms of share in 2020.
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