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U.S. Physician Groups Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Number of Physicians (2 to 10, 11 to 24, 25 to 50, and More than 50), By Ownership (Physician-owned, Hospital-owned, and Others), By Specialty (Primary Care, Pediatrics, OB/GYN, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Psychiatry, Cardiology, Dermatology, and Others), By Payor (Public Health Insurance, and Private Health Insurance/Out-of-pocket), By Type (Single-specialty, and Multi-specialty), and Country Forecasts, 2023-2030

Region : USA | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI106510

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The U.S. physician groups market size was valued at USD 281.45 billion in 2022. The market is anticipated to grow from USD 292.26 billion in 2023 to USD 397.16 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period.


The healthcare system consists of primary care doctors, family physicians, and specialists such as pediatricians, gynecologists, and anesthesiologists. Physician groups are healthcare providers, where more than two physicians work and provide care to patients to improve healthcare outcomes. These groups are generally classified as physician-owned and hospital-owned. A physician practicing privately or as a solo practitioner entails more financial risk than group practices owing to their relatively smaller patient base than others.


Moreover, various benefits associated with physician groups practices over solo physician practice, such as increased financial security, special training, expertise, and job security, are some factors that tend to shift the solo practitioner toward larger groups. Additionally, owing to the increase in healthcare expenditure and the availability of adequate reimbursement policies, patients will opt for earlier treatment for various chronic diseases, which will increase the demand for various groups of physicians to cater to a large patient pool and thus support the market growth.   


Furthermore, the growth of the market can be primarily attributed to the burgeoning prevalence and incidence of various medical conditions. Additionally, the growing need for early diagnosis, management, and treatment among patients is leading to an increasing number of patient visits to physician offices in the country.



  • According to the American Cancer Society, Inc., in 2022, an estimated 1.9 million new cancer cases are projected to be diagnosed in the U.S. Moreover, as per the American Cancer Society, an estimated 16.9 million patients suffering from cancer in the U.S. had sought treatment and survived by the end year of 2019. The number of cancer patient survivors is anticipated to rise to more than 22.1 million by the end of 2030. Thus, the rising patient population surges the demand for treatment, thus propelling market growth.


Moreover, the willingness of small groups of physicians to join larger groups for various benefits provided by larger groups, coupled with the increase in the number of acquisitions of a small group of physician practitioners by hospitals and private-equity firms, is anticipated to boost the market growth.



  • For instance, in March 2022, Optum, Inc. acquired Refresh Mental Health, a Florida-based mental health practices group. Through this acquisition, the former company aimed to strengthen its geographical footprint in the country.


COVID-19 IMPACT


Temporary Halt in Various Surgical Procedures and Reduction in Patient Visits Hindered Market Growth 


The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the market in 2020. Various factors, such as the decrease in number of patients & revenue among physicians and an increase in the expenses related to COVID-19, posed a challenge for the market growth in 2020.  



  • For instance, as per the data published by the Physicians Foundation’s 2021 Survey of America’s Physicians, an estimated 32% of the physicians witnessed a reduction in staff, and about 42% of the physicians reported a reduction in revenue generation during the pandemic.


Furthermore, the market players such as Permanente Medical Group, Ascension, and other players witnessed a decline in revenue generated during the pandemic. For instance, Ascension observed a decline of 3.9% in its patient service revenue in 2020 compared to 2019.


However, the market regained normalcy due to the rise in the adoption of telehealth services by physicians and the gradual opening of hospitals & clinics after the ease of pandemic regulations. Additionally, the market players observed a substantial increase in their revenue and patient visits, which contributed to the normal growth of the market post-pandemic.



  • For instance, Select Medical Corporation witnessed a 17.9% increase in its revenue in 2021 due to an increase in visits, which increased 21.1% to 9,193,624 for the year ended December 31, 2021, compared to the previous year.


LATEST TRENDS


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Rising Preference Shift from Smaller Physician Groups toward Large Physician Groups 


Over the past few years in the U.S., physicians have been moving from smaller to larger group practices. This is driven by various factors, including significant financial and technical challenges in running smaller groups and increasing preference for younger physicians to work in larger groups. According to the findings published by the Annals of Internal Medicine, more physicians are entering large practices and leaving small group practices.



  • For instance, as per the recently published data by the American Medical Association (AMA), the share of small groups consisting of 10 or fewer physicians has dropped continuously from 61.4% in 2012 to 53.7% in 2020.


This shift of smaller groups of physicians into larger groups is expected to lead to better patient care and lower costs, thereby spurring market growth. Moreover, large groups of physicians have better administrative support, which influences more physicians to move toward large groups.    


DRIVING FACTORS


Shifting Focus of Market Players Toward Inorganic Growth Strategies to Drive Market Growth


Over the past few years, there has been a steep increase in mergers and acquisitions of physician groups. The high workload, high administrative costs, and less financial stability faced by the physicians working in small groups tend to merge them with larger groups. Furthermore, the rising focus of larger groups of physicians to increase and expand their services throughout the U.S. led to high numbers of mergers and acquisitions.



  • For instance, in October 2022, Gastro Health partnered with Springfield Gastroenterology. Springfield Gastroenterology is joining with three physicians and one advanced practice provider. The company aimed to provide excellent care and personal attention through this partnership.

  • Additionally, in September 2021, Intermountain Healthcare and SCL Health, two non-profit healthcare organizations, merged and created a model of health systems for providing services in Colorado, Montana, Kansas, Idaho, Nevada, and Utah.


Furthermore, private-equity firms investing heavily to acquire various smaller physician practices to provide financial security through partnerships are anticipated to bolster the market.


Increasing Inclination of Solo Practitioners to Join Physician Groups Drives Market Growth


Physicians practicing independently are seeking to join larger groups, which positively contributes to market growth. Cost-effectiveness is one of the major factors that has increased the number of solo practitioners joining the larger U.S. groups of physicians. The HITECH Act, which creates incentives related to healthcare information technology, includes Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems among providers. With this HITECH Act, it is more practical for a larger group to have multiple physicians maintain an EHR system than for solo practitioners.



  • For instance, according to the study conducted by the Physicians Advocacy Institute in collaboration with Avalere Health, the number of physicians employed by the hospital or corporate-owned practices was 484,100 in January 2022 compared to 375,400 in 2019 and witnessed an increase of 28.9%. Thus, solo practitioners are declining rapidly due to the increased employment of physicians in hospitals and corporate entities.


Hence, the acquisition of independent practices by hospital and corporate-owned groups and shifting focus to join larger groups are expected to drive the U.S. physician groups market growth in the coming years.


RESTRAINING FACTORS


Surge in Employment of Physicians by Hospitals to Restrain Market Growth


Numerous physicians are struggling to maintain their groups and opt for hospital employment. Hospital employment has various advantages, such as a reduction in the cost of support services, no administrative burden, and financial stability. These advantages are expected to increase the number of employed physicians across the globe.



  • For instance, according to the recently published data by the Physicians Advocacy Institute, in June 2021, about 70% of U.S. physicians were employed by hospitals or corporate entities.


Moreover, policies, such as the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) allowing hospitals to treat acquired physician practice as either provider-based or free-standing, increase physicians joining hospitals.


Thus, with increasing physician employment by hospitals, the number of physicians working in the groups is expected to decrease, thereby hampering the U.S. physician groups market growth.


SEGMENTATION


By Number of Physicians Analysis


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2 to 10 Physicians Segment to Hold a Dominant Market Share Owing to Preference among Traditional Physicians to Work in Solo Practice


Based on number of physicians, the market is categorized into 2 to 10, 11 to 24, 25 to 50, and more than 50.


The 2 to 10 segment accounted for the largest part of the U.S. physician groups market share in 2022 and is estimated to dominate the market during the forecast period. Traditional physicians who are over 40 years of age are more likely to work in small groups and are anticipated to drive the market. Moreover, physicians who preferably don’t want to change their groups due to their desire to work autonomously or in small groups support the segment growth.



  • For instance, according to a report published by the California Health Care Foundation in March 2022, an estimated 57.6% of physicians were working in 2 to 10 groups. 


Furthermore, the more than 50 segment is anticipated to grow at a significant CAGR during the forecast period. Various benefits, such as financial security, improved quality of care, and fewer administration costs, led physicians to join larger groups. In addition, the increasing focus of the larger groups operating in the market toward acquisitions and mergers with the other smaller groups also boosts segmental growth.


On the other hand, the 11 to 24 and 25 to 50 segments are anticipated to have considerable growth owing to the preferential shift of health physicians to working for large groups due to distinct advantages such as fewer working hours, less workload, improved quality of patient care, and others.


By Ownership Analysis


Hospital-owned Segment to Witness Highest Growth Due to Increasing Acquisitions of Physician Practices by Hospitals


Based on ownership, the market is categorized into hospital-owned, physician-owned, and others.


The hospital-owned segment is anticipated to witness the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Over the years, hospitals have increased their ownership stake in the U.S. physician groups. Also, there has been an increase in acquiring physician practices during the pandemic, as physicians struggled to maintain groups, which boosted the segmental growth.



  • In April 2022, a report published by Avalere Health reported that the percentage of hospital-owned practices increased from 28% to 44%.


On the other hand, the physician-owned segment will exhibit considerable growth during the forecast period owing to physicians' struggle to maintain their practices due to administrative burden and shift toward hospital-owned groups of physicians.


By Specialty Analysis


Growing Demand for Chronic and Acute Care to Boost the Growth of Primary Care Segment


Based on specialty, the market is categorized into primary care, pediatrics, OB/GYN, ophthalmology, orthopedics, psychiatry, cardiology, dermatology, and others.


The primary care segment accounted for the largest market share in 2022 and is anticipated to observe nominal growth in the forthcoming years. The rising burden of chronic and acute diseases and the higher demand among patients for various primary care facilities such as family medicine, general internal medicine, and others for early detection and proper management of the disorders are anticipated to propel the market growth. Additionally, the rising number of primary physician care in the country to meet the growing demand for these practitioners bolsters market growth.



  • For instance, according to the 2022 Health Resource & Service Administration (HRSA) data, in 2018, there were an estimated 105,400 family physicians and 81,760 general internal physicians, projected to increase by 6% and 13% by 2030.


Additionally, the OB/GYN segment is expected to observe the highest growth rate during the forecast period. The growing number of OB/GYN-associated disorders among women, such as endometriosis, reproductive health disorders, infertility, and others. Furthermore, the increasing old aged women population in the U.S., rise in pregnancy rate, and growing patient visits for proper management of the disorders are expected to promote the segmental growth.


On the other hand, the ophthalmology specialty segment is projected to grow at the second-highest CAGR in the upcoming years due to an increase in the prevalence of various ophthalmic disorders in the country. Also, a rise in patient visits for regular eye check-ups and various ophthalmic surgeries, among others, augment the segmental growth.



  • For instance, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2022, more than 3.0 million Americans suffer from glaucoma, and the number of patients is projected to rise to 6.3 million by 2050.

  • Additionally, according to the 2021 report published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology IRIS Registry, an increase of 80% was observed in glaucoma surgeries over a period of 8 years from 2013-2021. 


By Payor Analysis


Private Health Insurance/Out-of-pocket Continue to Dominate Due to Better Health Plans


Based on payor, the market is segmented into public health insurance, and private health insurance/out-of-pocket.


The private health insurance/out-of-pocket segment dominated the market share in 2022 and is predicted to record a significant CAGR from 2023 to 2030. The increasing adoption of private health insurance in the country owing to comprehensive health plans is one of the predominant factors contributing to the market growth. Moreover, benefits such as no waiting period, coverage of pre-existing illnesses, and others also bolster market growth.



  • For instance, according to data published by the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2021, 66.0% of the U.S. population was covered by private health insurance, and about 35.7% were insured by public health insurance. Thus, private insurance coverage was more prevalent than public coverage in the country.


Moreover, the availability of public insurance at a considerably lower price for physician services than private health insurance increases their adoption among patients. Also, broad coverage of healthcare costs in public insurance policies makes public insurance affordable for low-income and middle-class families and individuals, fueling the segment’s growth in the forthcoming years.


By Type Analysis


Multi-Specialty Segment’s Growth Associated to Several Benefits Associated with Multi-Specialty Services


Based on type, the market is bifurcated into single-specialty, and multi-specialty.


The multi-specialty segment accounted for the largest market share in 2022 and is expected to witness the highest CAGR from 2023 to 2030. The high-quality care at lower cost offered by groups with multi-specialty facilities and a preferential shift among solo practitioners due to distinct advantages in multi-specialty services, such as providing greater financial stability, are factors supporting the market’s growth. Moreover, lower administration pressure, improved quality care to patients, and less workload are also contributing to the segment's growth.



  • For instance, in July 2022, Northwell Health opened a multi-specialty physician group medical practice in Yonkers dedicated to cardiology and primary care to fulfill patients' requirements.


The single-specialty segment will experience a moderate CAGR in the projected period due to decreased patient volume, reduction in patient visits, and financial instability of the single-specialty physician groups.


KEY INDUSTRY PLAYERS


Companies with Largest Physician Groups to Dominate the Market 


The U.S. physician groups market is fragmented owing to the presence of many large and small groups operating in the market. However, Permanente Medical Group, Inc., Optum, Inc., and Ascension are some of the leading players in the U.S. physician groups market, with Permanente Medical Group, Inc. holding the dominant position. The company's dominance is attributed to the various strategic business activities such as market share expansion and strengthening its market position.



  • In October 2021, The Permanente Medical Group, Inc. launched Advanced Care at Home for patients to receive acute-level care and recovery services at the comfort and convenience of their homes.


Additionally, Optum, Inc. held the second-largest market share. The company is actively expanding its services and strengthening its brand presence through various collaborations, mergers & acquisitions, and other strategies.



  • For instance, in October 2022, Optum, Inc. collaborated with Change Healthcare to connect and simplify the core clinical, payment, and administrative processes that healthcare providers and payers depend on to serve patients. The collaboration aims to increase efficiency and reduce the cost of the services.


Other key players, such as Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER), Beaumont Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Advocate Aurora Health, held a moderate market share owing to diversified services, an established network, new facilities, and a strong focus on acquisitions and mergers.



  • For Instance, in December 2022, Advocate Aurora Health collaborated with Atrium Health to form Advocate Health to improve patient needs and strengthen its presence in the country.


LIST OF KEY COMPANIES PROFILED:



  • The Permanente Medical Group (U.S.)

  • Optum, Inc. (U.S.)

  • Brigham and Women’s Hospital (U.S.)

  • Cleveland Clinic (U.S.)

  • HealthCare Partners IPA (U.S.)

  • Ascension (U.S.)

  • Northwell Health (U.S.)

  • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER) (U.S.)

  • Beaumont Health (U.S.)

  • Advocate Aurora Health (U.S.)

  • NYU Langone Hospitals (U.S.)                                                                                 


KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • April 2023 - The Permanente Medical Group, Inc. announced to acquire Geisinger Health to form a new non-profit community health system, Risant Health. Through this acquisition, the company aimed to expand its reach nationwide.

  • November 2022 - Northwell Health opened a USD 10 million multidisciplinary clinic in Bay Shore to focus on patients for musculoskeletal care and rehabilitative services.

  • November 2022 - Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER) announced the addition of physicians to increase the provision of services among patients.

  • October 2022 - Cleveland Clinic affiliated with Holzer Center for Cancer Care to expand access to highly specialized cancer treatments in West Virginia.

  • August 2022 - Cleveland Clinic expanded radiology services, with Cleveland Clinic Imaging Institute intending to expand access to radiology services.


REPORT COVERAGE


An Infographic Representation of U.S. Physician Groups Market

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The research report provides a detailed market analysis. It focuses on key aspects such as leading physician group, types of specialties, competitive landscape of key players, and the comparative analysis of the average cost of key services. Moreover, it offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. The report further includes the reimbursement & regulatory overview, number of groups by state, prevalence/incidence of key medical conditions, and COVID-19 impact analysis on the primary care physicians market and specialty care physicians market.


Report Scope & Segmentation






























































  ATTRIBUTE



  DETAILS



Study Period



2019-2030



Base Year



2022



Estimated Year



2023



Forecast Period



2023-2030



Historical Period



2019-2021



Growth Rate



CAGR of 4.5% from 2023-2030



Unit



Value (USD Billion)



Segmentation



By Number of Physicians, Ownership, Specialty, Payor, and Type



By Number of Physicians




  • 2 to 10

  • 11 to 24

  • 25 to 50

  • More than 50



By Ownership




  • Physician-owned

  • Hospital-owned

  • Others



By Specialty




  • Primary Care

  • Pediatrics

  • OB/GYN

  • Ophthalmology

  • Orthopedics

  • Psychiatry

  • Cardiology

  • Dermatology

  • Others



By Payor




  • Public Health Insurance

  • Private Health Insurance/Out-of-pocket



By Type




  • Single-specialty

  • Multi-specialty






Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the U.S. market stood at USD 281.45 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 397.16 billion by 2030.

The market is expected to exhibit steady growth at a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period.

By type, the multi-specialty segment is set to lead the market.

The increasing shift from smaller groups of physicians to larger groups, the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, establishment of new facilities by these groups, and the surge in mergers & acquisitions are the key factors driving market growth.

The Permanente Medical Group, Optum, Inc., Cleveland Clinic, Ascension, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER), and Northwell Health are the top players in the market.

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