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The global eggs market size was valued at USD 136.17 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 143.29 billion in 2023 to USD 207.08 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.40% during 2023-2030.
The nutritional benefits and higher affordability of eggs significantly contribute to the rising global consumption rate, thus driving market growth. Egg producers are constantly developing and adopting new and more animal-friendly methods, responding to the evolving consumer base. Various types of eggs are available in the market, such as conventional, cage-free, organic, and free-range, among which organic and free-range eggs have brought new opportunities. The market is further segmented by end-use into food service and retail. The food service industry has shown significant growth in consumption, offering new and creative dishes in various cuisines across the globe.
Pandemic-Induced Changes Drive Surging Egg Demand in Retail as Food Service Sector Adjusts
Due to the rapid spread of the virus, governments across the globe implemented several stringent regulations and lockdowns to restrict public gatherings and curb the spread. However, owing to the increasing awareness of the health benefits and nutrition provided by eggs, the markets saw a spike in demand for eggs in the retail segment, including hypermarkets/supermarkets, grocery stores, e-commerce, and others.
The rapid growth in infection rates in China, India, the U.S., and several European countries, which have a significant share in the global egg market, resulted in a decline in egg consumption in the food service segment. For instance, in March 2020, McDonald's announced the closure of their full-day breakfast menu due to the complexity created by the pandemic.
Furthermore, border closures and travel restrictions caused constraints in the supply chain of eggs in various countries, resulting in a rise in shell egg prices in the retail market. This higher demand and the rising egg prices caused by the pandemic were major factors that led to a sudden growth in the global egg market.
Growing Adoption of Organic and Free-Range Eggs to Fuel Market Growth
The consumption patterns of consumers have undergone significant changes, mainly due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. For instance, as per a survey conducted between August 2020 and October 2021 by the Food Standards Agency of the U.K., consumers have shown a noticeable inclination toward improved nutritional behaviors and safe food practices. Furthermore, consumers have increasingly sought clean-label products, reflecting a growing awareness of animal cruelty and the negative aspects of the poultry industry. Additionally, the rising preference for healthier products has significantly contributed to the increasing adoption of organic eggs in the market. Organic or free-range eggs are considered to be more nutritious than conventional products. For example, Egg Farms of Canada states that organic or free-range eggs have higher levels of omega-3 compared to conventional eggs.
As a result, manufacturers have been upgrading poultry farms and enhancing the production capacity of organic, cage-free, and free-range products. For example, in August 2021, Versova Holdings announced the acquisition of Thompson Farm to augment its cage-free production capacity.
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Rising Awareness of Health and Fitness among Consumers is Driving Market Growth
The market has been experiencing sustained growth in egg consumption for years. Post-pandemic, the market observed a sudden surge in demand for eggs due to increased egg consumption among consumers across different demographics. Rising awareness among consumers regarding healthier diets and an overall increase in health consciousness have significantly influenced the demand for eggs in the market. For instance, in 2021, according to a survey conducted by the UK Health Security Agency and the Office of Health Improvement and Disparities, approximately 80% of people over 18 years of age expressed their intent to adopt a healthier lifestyle and diet.
Government initiatives aimed at spreading awareness among consumers about the health benefits associated with egg consumption have further boosted the demand for eggs in the market. Additionally, major industry players are launching campaigns and products, contributing to market growth during the forecast period. For example, in May 2023, Eggoz, a well-known India-based egg brand, launched a new campaign to raise consumer awareness about farm-fresh and chemical-free eggs for a healthier diet. Changes in consumer behavior are also driving market growth.
Rapid Adoption of Technology by Market Players to Drive the Market Growth
In recent years, the egg industry has witnessed rapid technological advancements, including the integration of IoT and big data analytics, among others. These technological developments have brought significant improvements to the manufacturing and supply chain processes in the global market. Additionally, the rapid advancement in the e-commerce industry, particularly in terms of swift delivery, is expected to drive market growth during the forecast period.
These new technologies have provided manufacturers with the means to mitigate transportation and supply chain challenges and meet the growing demand for eggs efficiently. For instance, in May 2023, OVO Farms, one of India's largest egg producers, announced the integration of blockchain technology into its production and supply chains. According to the company, this technological implementation will enhance transparency with consumers, reduce costs, and improve delivery by enhancing traceability at every step of the supply chain, from the farm to the consumer.
Climate Change and Global Warming to Restrain Market Growth
The rising global temperature due to climate change has a detrimental impact on egg production. The increased heat affects the size, quality, and quantity of eggs produced in poultry farms. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), hens exposed to prolonged periods of extreme heat experience productivity losses and increased production costs. The hotter climate makes hens more susceptible to diseases, thereby restraining market growth. Data from The FoodPrint, a project by The GRACE Communication Foundation, indicates that elevated levels of ammonia, methane, and temperature in poultry environments lead to respiratory ailments, anxiety, and other problems that affect egg production, both in terms of quality and quantity. Climate change also contributes to a high mortality rate among hens due to a depressed immune system and reproductive failure, further increasing production costs. Thus, the escalating effects of global warming are expected to restrain the eggs market growth during the forecast period.
Conventional Products to Dominate the Market Owing to their High Consumption
By product type, the market is segmented into conventional, cage-free, organic, and free-range. The conventional product type segment is estimated to hold a high market share during the forecast period due to the higher availability of products. The abundance of conventional eggs is attributed to the production method being one of the oldest and most convenient, with a higher production rate. Additionally, organic and other product production is limited among large manufacturers, as local and small-scale market players prefer the conventional production method due to its convenience and cost-effectiveness, increasing the market penetration of conventional eggs.
However, organic products are expected to observe a higher CAGR during the forecast period with new product launches and developments by companies, owing to the changing consumer inclination.
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Grocery Store Retail Segment to Remain Dominant Due to Easy Accessibility
Based on end-use, the market is segmented into food service and retail. The retail segment, further divided into supermarkets/hypermarkets, grocery stores, e-commerce, and others, holds the highest market share owing to the easier accessibility provided by the grocery stores. Furthermore, the higher convenience of supermarkets/hypermarkets and e-commerce is expected to fuel the eggs market share during the forecast period. The advancement and expansion of the e-commerce segment will also be a significant driving factor. For instance, according to a report published by Swiggy, a major food and grocery delivery platform based in India, Swiggy Instamart delivered around 50 million orders of eggs between 2020 and 2022.
The food service segment has seen rapid development in recent years, with new dishes and the rise of home delivery services by restaurants and third-party service providers fueling market growth during the forecast period. For instance, in March 2021, Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) announced the launch of its new breakfast waffles, which come with scrambled eggs, sautéed mushrooms, turkey bacon, a cup of coffee, and hash browns.
Asia Pacific Eggs Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)
Asia Pacific Eggs Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific will hold the highest market share during the forecast period as the region consists of China, India, Japan, and other countries known for their higher egg consumption rate, making it the leading region in the global market. Furthermore, China and India, being prominent producers, further contribute to the region's position as a leading market. For instance, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, in 2020, China’s egg production accounted for around 40% of global egg production
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North America is expected to hold a major share in the global market after Asia Pacific as eggs are a widely consumed product in the U.S. and Mexico. Asia Pacific and North America are followed by Europe, which includes France, Germany, Italy, and the U.K., where eggs are a prominent product in the local cuisine. South America and the Middle East & Africa are expected to rapidly grow during the forecast period with a rising consumer inclination toward healthy diets and the rapid growth of the foodservice industry in the region.
Increasing Key Players Investments in Technological Advancement to Aid Market Growth
Some major players operating in the market include Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., Rose Acre Farms, Inc., and Hillandale Farms, S.A. Conventional eggs have a higher production rate owing to the convenience and efficiency of conventional methods. However, manufacturers are increasing investments in technological advancements to increase the production rate of organic products due to their rising demand. For instance, in April 2022, Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. announced that they had ramped up investments in the organic product range to meet the increasing demand for organic products.
An Infographic Representation of Eggs Market
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The research report provides a detailed market analysis and focuses on key aspects such as competitive landscape, product types, and End-Use. Furthermore, it offers insights into market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the abovementioned factors, the report encompasses several factors contributing to recent market growth.
CAGR of 5.40% from 2023-2030
Value (USD Billion)
By Product Type
Fortune Business Insights says the global market size was valued at USD 136.17 billion in 2022.
The market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.40% during the forecast period (2023-2030).
The conventional product type segment is expected to be the leading product segment in the global market.
The rising awareness of health and fitness among consumers is causing a surge in household consumption of eggs, thus driving the global market's growth.
Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., Rose Acre Farms, Inc., S.A., and Hillandale Farms are a few of the top players in the global market.
Asia Pacific is expected to hold the highest market share throughout the forecast period.
The foodservice segment is expected to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period.
The negative impact of global warming on egg production restrains market growth.
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