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The global HVDC transmission system market size was valued at USD 9.68 billion in 2022. The market is projected to grow from USD 10.27 billion in 2023 to USD 18.05 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 8.4% during the forecast period. Asia Pacific dominated the global market with a share of 65.90% in 2022.
HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) is a vital component of a carbon-neutral energy system. It is highly efficient for transmitting large amounts of power over long distances, integrating renewable energy, connecting grids, and opening up new sustainable power transmission solutions. Another utility of the HVDC system is to avoid the high currents required for the cable capacity of submarine power cables. HVDC also enables power transmission between asynchronous AC grids and can power large urban centers. An HVDC system takes electrical energy from the AC grid via a transformer, converts it to DC at a converter station, and transmits it to a receiving point via overhead or underground cables. At the receiving point, it is converted to AC using another converter.
Decreased Demand and Disrupted Supply Chains Amid the Pandemic Slowed Down the Market Growth
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the global market due to decreased electricity demand on account of the shutdown of commercial and industrial activities and disrupted supply chains. Meanwhile, the increasing usage of renewable energy plants away from fossil fuels and the surging demand for electricity will drive the market after the pandemic. As the pandemic progressed, governments authorities all around the world began to recognize the importance of investing in critical infrastructure to ensure energy security and support economic recovery. Further, the growing need for grid stability and a shift toward renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar could further carve the growth. The post-COVID-19 pandemic will give firms a sort of relaxation to recover and grow, with governments and energy companies focusing on infrastructure investments to support economic growth and ensure energy security.
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Rising Need for Renewable Energy to Stimulate the Demand for HVDC Transmission System
The need for efficient and flexible transmission systems is quite at a peak in developed countries. Policymakers and commercial companies have many options, and high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission systems are emerging as a viable energy management mechanism for AC power transmission, with the ability to transmit power across long distances with minimal losses. The transmission systems offer benefits in terms of cost-savings and lower emissions, when deployed over long distances and short distances underground or underwater. By offering maximum transient efficiency and low power losses regardless of the distance the power travels, HVDC power transmission systems have great dormant for power transmission over long distances such as islands and continents.
The system is becoming the foundation for developing and implementing new energy systems based on renewable resources. Renewable energy systems such as solar and wind projects are often highly inflammatory and located in remote areas. The ever-evolving HVDC technology secures ground in the new energy economy with long-distance HVDC transmission lines that can transmit electricity with maximum efficiency and minimal losses. HVDC transmission has become a powered highway for large-scale integration of renewable energy sources to provide an interconnected grid that is reliable and flexible enough to meet the challenges of the new renewable energy economy.
Growing Adoption of VSC Technology to Promote Market Growth
The line commutated current (LCC) sourced converter technology has evolved as one of the most reliable and advanced technologies for HVDC transmission. LCC technology has proven to be reliable and robust, with high availability and minimal downtime. This is due to the maturity of the thyristor technology, which has been optimized for high power applications over many decades. LCC technology is relatively environmentally friendly compared to other power transmission technologies. For instance, it does not require the use of hazardous materials like mercury, which was previously used in arc valves. Innovations in almost every other HVDC field are steadily increasing the reliability of this technology to address the challenges of the new renewable energy economy.
A voltage source converter (VSC) is a self-commutated converter connecting HVAC and HVDC systems to equipment suitable for high-power electronic applications. VSCs are capable of self-commutation with an aim to generate an AC voltage independently without relying on the AC system. This enables fast, independent control of active and reactive power and black start capability. VSC can be easily integrated into multiport DC systems. THE VSC-based HVDC system offers faster active power flow control than the more advanced CSC HVDC system while ensuring flexible and extended reactive power controllability on the two converter ports. VSC technology has several technical advantages, including resilience to commutation errors, auxiliary services, and reactive power control.
Growing Number of HVDC Projects across the Globe to Flourish Market Growth
The installation of HVDC systems is rapidly increasing worldwide as the economic feasibility of using HVDC to enhance grid connectivity has improved. However, the installation of HVDC systems is increasing rapidly worldwide, including in Europe, South America, and China. With the increase in renewable energy capacity, growth in domestic power trading, and increasing demand for more reliable power supplies, have contributed significantly to the development of the market. The fact that HVDC projects and cost-benefit analysis prove it. The rapid technological progress of HVDC using voltage source converters contributed significantly to this result.
The development of VSC HVDC technology offers various advantages to the power grid, making HVDC a practical option for enhancing grid connectivity. In recent years, there has been a significant shift in the use of HVDC transmission links. While these links were used to connect different power grids, there are now occasions where HVDC is being installed within a single synchronous cable network, particularly through the use of submarine cables. This trend has been increasing recently. One of the key drivers of this increase in HVDC deployments is the evolution of VSC HVDC technology. For Instance, From November 2022, Clean hydropower will be transported from Quebec to New York via the CHPE, a planned 339-mile HVDC transmission project. The project provides a capacity of 1,250 megawatts of clean energy, which will power numerous New York homes, and it will be the combination of submarine and terrestrial elements.
High Cost of HVDC Transmission System at Short Distances Could Hinder Market Growth
The price of a device depends on several variables, including the amount of power transmitted, the type of transmission medium, environmental considerations, and the price of converter stations and associated equipment.
The system requires additional hardware such as transformers, pole and valve controls, mechanical and electrical auxiliaries. All these devices are very expensive. Since modern equipment requires AC power, converter stations must be built at the endpoints to convert DC to AC, increasing the overall costs. The converter stations and other accompanying equipment also intensify the cost of HVDC projects. HVDC converter stations and associated assets may involve a greater investment than AC transmission lines for shorter distances. Furthermore, the system operator/owner of the transmission line incurs additional expenses for upholding an inventory of customized HVDC assets.
Growing Number of Large Capacity Renewable Projects to Stimulate the Growth of the Low-power Rating Projects
Based on type, the global market is segmented into high-power rating projects and low-power rating projects. The Low-power rating projects consist of projects capable of transmitting a capacity of above 1000MW facility. The low-power rating projects type HVDC transmission system market is growing due to increasing demand for efficient power transmission in remote areas, limiting the short circuit, which conventional AC transmission lines cannot serve.
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Rising Number of Overhead HVDC Projects to Dominate Global Market
The global market is segmented on subsea, underground, overhead, and mixed. The overhead application in the HVDC transmission system is growing. Overhead application refers to the use of overhead transmission lines for transmitting electricity over long. This method of transmission is gaining popularity due to its lower cost of installation compared to underground cables, making them a more cost-effective option for transmission over long distances. Also overhead lines have a higher power-carrying capacity, allowing for the transmission of larger amounts of electricity over greater distances. Overhead lines have a lower transmission loss compared to underground cables, making them more efficient for long-distance transmission. Moreover, the shift towards renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, which are typically located in remote areas, is also driving the growth of overhead application in the market.
Immense Advancement in Voltage Source Converter Technology to Stimulate HVDC Transmission System Demand
On the basis of technology, the global market is segmented into Voltage Source Converter (VSC) and Line Commutated Converter (LCC). The LCC segment is estimated to hold the largest global HVDC transmission systems market share due to its high efficiency, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. LCCs are preferred for transmitting bulk power over larger distances. The LCC technology is advanced and has been used for many years, making it a reliable option.
Asia Pacific HVDC Transmission System Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)
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This market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa.
Among all regions, the Asia Pacific region holds the largest part in the HVDC transmission system market share in the global market and is expected to maintain a steady growth rate. The growth of the market in the Asia Pacific can be attributed to strong economic growth and government-supportive policies to accelerate industrialization across the region.
North America is expected to hold a prominent foothold in the market due to increasing demand for renewable energy sources, rising government initiatives to reduce carbon emissions, and increasing investments in the transmission infrastructure. Additionally, the need for transmitting large amounts of power over long distances and the adoption of renewable energy sources are some other factors that propel market growth.
Europe will dominate the market due to expanding industrial infrastructure and increased investment in energy sectors.
Countries in the Middle East and Africa are largely dominated by companies that need reliable power supplies. African countries primarily focus on industrial infrastructure developments that offer a positive outlook for the HVDC transmission system market growth during the forecast period.
Companies Focus on New Projects on Transmission and Distribution to Strengthen their Market Position
Companies are looking to strengthen their market position by focusing on new projects related to transmission and distribution. For instance, on June, 2022, The Shaoxing Hongxu energy storage power station in China was successfully connected the world's first 35kV high-voltage direct coupled energy storage system developed by NR to the grid.
An Infographic Representation of HVDC Transmission System Market
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The market research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product/service types, and leading applications of the product. Besides, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors above, the report encompasses several factors that contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.
CAGR of 8.4% from 2023 to 2030
Value (USD Billion)
By Type, By Technology, By Application, and By Region
As per the Fortune Business Insights study, the market size was USD 9.68 billion in 2022.
The market will likely grow at a CAGR of 8.4% over the forecast period (2023-2030).
The overhead segment is expected to lead the market due to the development of the HVDC transmission system globally.
The market size of Asia Pacific stood at USD 6.38 billion in 2022.
The growing adoption of VSC technology and the rise of the number of HVDC projects across to boost growth is expected to drive the market growth.
Some of the top players in the market are Siemens, Hitachi Energy Ltd., Toshiba Energy Systems Solutions Corporation, and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation.
The global market size is expected to reach USD 18.05 billion by 2030.
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