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Antiepileptic Drugs (AED) Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Drug Generation (First Generation, Second Generation, and Third Generation), By Distribution Channel (Hospital Pharmacies, Retail Pharmacies, and Online Pharmacies), and Regional Forecast, 2023-2030

Region : Global | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI101189

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The antiepileptic drugs (AED) market size was valued at USD 15.55 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow USD 16.50 billion in 2023 to USD 22.37 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.4% during 2023-2030. North America dominated the global market with a share of 48.36% in 2022.


Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases globally. Patients with this disease suffer from sudden behavioral changes, severe emotional distress, and loss of consciousness. The World Health Organization (WHO) 2023, estimates that around 50 million people have epilepsy worldwide. This disease is a common severe brain disorder occurring due to several causes which leads to epileptic seizures. Approximately 80.0% of people with epilepsy live in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Due to the rising prevalence of epilepsy, there is a significant economic burden on the healthcare systems globally. The high prevalence rate and growing demand for treatment options for this disorder are anticipated to propel the market growth.


Similarly, top players in the global market are focusing on introducing medications with fewer side effects to patients. Growing clinical trial activities and significant product approvals are boosting the market expansion globally.


COVID-19 IMPACT


Limited Access to Neurological Care during Pandemic Negatively Impacted Market Growth


The COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the global market size due to a decline in the demand for neurological drugs and services coupled with issues in terms of access to care. The pandemic resulted in a decrease in the number of patient visits in different countries.



  • For instance, according to an article published by Science Direct in 2021, a three-part survey was conducted comprising neurologists, 11 specialized epilepsy centers, and people with epilepsy (PWE) in India. The survey reported about 80.0% of neurologists saw a 25-75% decline in the outdoor visits and EEG during the pandemic.


Furthermore, key market players registered a decline in their annual revenue in 2020 due to supply chain disruptions. Furthermore, there were disruptions in clinical trials due to the pandemic.



  • For instance, GlaxoSmithKline plc.’s antiepileptic drug, Lamictal, witnessed a decline of 5.1% in its revenue in 2020 compared to 2019


From 2022 onward, the increasing number of patient visits to neurological centers is expected to lead the market to pre-pandemic growth from 2023 to 2030.


LATEST TRENDS


Key Players Focus on Introducing Effective Third Generation Drugs to Facilitate Market Growth


There is a crucial need to implement new strategies to revisit the standard AED discovery and development. This will help in achieving the unmet treatment needs. Patent expiration of second-generation drugs is a crucial opportunity for pharmaceutical companies in the development of generic as well as innovative drugs. Some key players are receiving approvals from government bodies and launching third-generation drugs in the market. Such a trend is proving healthy for market growth and ultimately boosting the industry players to invest in complex clinical trials.


For example, in July 2020, Eisai Co., Ltd. launched a new fine granule formulation of its in-house-discovered antiepileptic drug (AED) Fycompa (perampanel hydrate) in Japan. These continuous research and development and product introduction initiatives to meet the unmet needs are projected to further propel the market growth during the forecast period.


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ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS (AED) MARKET GROWTH FACTORS


Increase in Product Approvals for Epileptic Disorders to Drive Market Growth


Despite the availability of AEDs in the market, one-third of the population faces drug intolerability. The manufacturers are making countless efforts to diminish this problem. R&D personnel have now focused on developing target-specific drugs concerning the neurobiology of the disease condition. The growing prevalence of epilepsy demanding therapeutically effective medications creates pressure among the market players to introduce AEDs. The critical decision of the U.S. FDA is to provide confidence among the players for improving R&D and benefiting the patient population.



  • In March 2022, the U.S. FDA approved Ztalmy (ganaxolone) for the treatment of seizures associated with cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) deficiency disorder (CDD) for patients two years of age and older.


Such decisions taken by the approval committees help the manufacturers in providing potential therapies for epileptic patients.


Active Government Support and Investments to Expedite Market Growth


Epilepsy is the most common neurological condition, significantly more prevalent in emerging countries. Developing countries such as India, China, and Brazil have a higher proportion of the population suffering from the state. In order to minimize the burden of this disease, as well as to expedite the availability of better treatment options, governments from countries across the world are providing active support.



  • For example, according to an article published by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in 2022, the expenditure for epilepsy accounted for around USD 333.0 million or 0.2% of USD 134.0 billion of recurrent health system expenditure in 2018–19. Also, epilepsy was ranked the 30th cause for disease burden in Australia (2018).


The government's backing is beneficial for patients in controlling their seizures. This is estimated to fuel the adoption of AED drugs and boost the growth of the drugs market.


RESTRAINING FACTORS


Lack of Antiepileptic Drugs Supply Restrains the Market Growth


Despite the increasing incidence of epilepsy, seizures, and other chronic conditions in emerging countries, certain factors limit the global antiepileptic drug (AED) market growth. The steep rise in medicine supply shortage is a major factor restraining the market's development. Patients are stockpiling these medicines as there is a shortage of drugs in the pharmacies. This has raised the alarm in investigating the medicine supply chain globally. This devastating situation can worsen in the U.K. and other European countries, such as Britain, due to Brexit uncertainty. This ultimately affects the global market as the U.K. is becoming less desirable for epilepsy medications.



  • According to an article published by SWI swissinfo.ch in 2023, Switzerland faced a shortage of certain medicines and plans to boost drug stocks. Christoph Amstutz, head of the Federal Office for National Economic Supply, has said that antiepileptic drugs and medication for Parkinson's disease should be included in the mandatory reserves.


Such scenarios of stockpiling have been restricting the Antiepileptic Drugs market growth.


SEGMENTATION


By Drug Generation Analysis


Potential Benefits Aided the Second-Generation Drugs Dominated the Market in 2022


In terms of drug generation, the global market is segmented into first generation, second generation, and third generation.


The second-generation drugs segment held the dominant global antiepileptic drugs market share. The second generation drugs include Lyrica, Keppra, Banzel, and others. Lyrica has been the blockbuster drug for epilepsy treatment and has the maximum share in the market. It has proved its potential to slow the brain's impulses and control seizures. Pfizer’s Lyrica dominated the epilepsy market until 2019, before its patent expiry. However, it is still in demand owing to the benefits of the drug.


The first generation segment held a robust global market share in 2022. The first generation refers to the older‐generation drugs introduced into clinical practice more than four decades ago. It primarily includes phenytoin, primidone, phenobarbital, ethosuximide, valproate, clonazepam, carbamazepine, and clobazam.


The third generation segment growth is attributed to more comprehensive therapeutic ranges and fewer serious adverse effects. Substantial benefits offered by these generation drugs are expected to result in the segment expanding at the maximum CAGR in the global market over the study period.


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By Distribution Channel Analysis


Patient Pool Preferring Hospital Pharmacies Led to Segmental Dominance


In terms of distribution channel, the global market is segmented into hospital pharmacies, retail pharmacies, and online pharmacies.


The hospital pharmacies segment held the dominant share of the market. The emergence of hospital pharmacies for neurology and patients' preference for hospitals due to equipped advanced infrastructure and adequate facilities contribute to segment dominance. Further, the growing number of hospitals and adequate reimbursement policies provided by these settings are significant factors responsible for more epilepsy patients being treated in these facilities. This is eventually responsible for the adoption of antiepileptic drugs by hospital pharmacies globally.


The retail pharmacies segment held a substantial share owing to the increase in the adoption of epilepsy drugs by these facilities. The availability of these drugs in the pharmacies, which are easily accessible to the patients, will boost the retail pharmacies segmental growth in the forecast period.


Similarly, the online pharmacies segment is expected to grow with a significant CAGR over the study period. This is due to the rising preference for teleconsultation and online pharmacy facilities in developed and emerging nations.


REGIONAL INSIGHTS


By geography, the global market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa.


North America Antiepileptic Drugs (AED) Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)

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North America antiepileptic drugs market size stood at USD 7.52 billion in 2022. The market in the region is characterized by higher diagnosis and treatment rates for neurology conditions, coupled with adequate reimbursement policies for epilepsy drugs. These factors, along with more heightened awareness among the patient population toward new treatment options and the availability of advanced drugs in the region, are responsible for a dominant share of the region in the global market. Moreover, higher R&D investments are mainly promoted for the dominance of the North American region.



  • In February 2023, The THIRD ANNUAL Seizure Action Plan (SAP) Awareness Week was organized by the Seizure Action Plan Coalition, a collaboration managed by Epilepsy Alliance America. This campaign was underwritten by presenting sponsor Neurelis, Inc., with supportive funding from UCB, Inc.  This Awareness Week featured a social media campaign and website planned to emphasize the need for people with epilepsy and their caregivers and healthcare providers to develop detailed plans.


The Europe and Asia Pacific markets are projected to exhibit a comparatively higher CAGR during the forecast period. The increasing number of drugs receiving regulatory approvals is anticipated to drive the demand for these anticonvulsant drugs in Europe during 2023-2030. Expected regulatory approvals in the Asia Pacific and the penetration of key regional players are projected to drive the epilepsy drugs market revenue in the region during the forecast period.


The Latin America and the Middle East & Africa markets are anticipated to witness growth prospects over the forecast period. Developing healthcare infrastructure in these regions and the growing prevalence of these disorders will fuel the product demand during the forecast period.


KEY INDUSTRY PLAYERS


Global Presence and Product Offerings Enable UCB S.A., Pfizer and GSK plc. to Hold Dominant Market Position


The competitive landscape of the market reflects a consolidated structure. Prominent players such as UCB S.A., Pfizer Inc. and GSK plc., have dominated the global market. Pfizer’s dominance is attributed to a strong product portfolio and global presence. The drug ‘‘Lyrica’’ has provided therapeutically effective benefits in treating epileptic patients, leading to increased demand over the years, and has been responsible for the dominance of Pfizer Inc. However, due to the patent expiration of Lyrica in 2019, its share is expected to decline rapidly as the other key players have come up with generics for Lyrica. Some other factors for these companies’ established market presence include a solid customer base and more launches.


However, other market players, such as UCB S.A., Eisai Co., Ltd., and others, have launched novel medications that have proven therapeutically effective in controlling this disorder. As patent expiration of major drugs can be seen in the coming years, industry players are focused on investing in R&D for the launch of innovative as well as generic products in this market. This is projected to positively impact the global market as these companies are anticipated to gain more global market share during the forecast period.


LIST OF KEY COMPANIES IN ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS (AED) MARKET:



  • Pfizer Inc. (U.S.)

  • UCB S.A. (Belgium)

  • GSK plc. (U.K.)

  • H. Lundbeck A/S (Denmark)

  • Eisai Co., Ltd. (Japan)

  • Sanofi (France)

  • Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc. (U.S.)

  • Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Ireland)


KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • February 2022: Biohaven Pharmaceutical Holding Company Ltd. entered a definitive agreement to acquire Channel Biosciences, LLC’s Kv7 channel activators for target indications, including epilepsy, pain disorders, and affective disorders.

  • August 2021: UCB S.A. received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for an expanded indication for BRIVIACT (brivaracetam) CV tablets, injection, and oral solution. The product would help treat patients as young as one month of age with partial-onset seizures.

  • August 2021: Pfizer Inc. and Flynn Pharma were fined USD 84 million by the U.K. Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) for overcharging the NHS for a widely used epilepsy drug.

  • January 2021: UCB S.A. launched Nile AI, Inc. It is an independent company created to improve care for people living with epilepsy, their caregivers, and healthcare providers (HCPs).

  • January 2020: Neurelis, Inc. received FDA approval for VALTOCO (diazepam nasal spray). It is a care partner outside the medical setting for acutely treating intermittent, stereotypic episodes of frequent seizure activity.


REPORT COVERAGE


An Infographic Representation of Antiepileptic Drug Market

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The market report provides detailed information regarding various market insights. The report provides global AED market forecast and an account of the growth drivers, restraints, competitive landscape, regional analysis, and challenges. It further offers an analytical depiction of the antiepileptic drugs market trends and estimations to illustrate the forthcoming investment pockets. The market has been quantitatively analyzed from 2019 to 2030 to provide the financial competency of the market. The information gathered in this report has been taken from several primary and secondary sources. Besides this, the report offers insights into the anticonvulsant drug market trends and highlights the vital industry developments. In addition to the factors above, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market over the recent years.


Report Scope & Segmentation
















































ATTRIBUTE



DETAILS



Study Period



2019-2030



Base Year



2022



Estimated Year



2023



Forecast Period



2023-2030



Historical Period



2019-2021



Growth Rate



CAGR of 4.4% from 2023-2030



Unit



Value (USD billion)



Segmentation



By Drug Generation



  • First Generation

  • Second Generation

  • Third Generation



By  Distribution Channel



  • Hospital Pharmacies

  • Retail Pharmacies

  • Online Pharmacies



By Region



  • North America (By Drug Generation, By Distribution Channel, and By Country)


    • U.S.

    • Canada


  • Europe (By Drug Generation, By Distribution Channel, and By Country/Sub-Region)


    • U.K.

    • Germany

    • France

    • Italy

    • Spain

    • Scandinavia

    • Rest of Europe


  • Asia Pacific (By Drug Generation, By Distribution Channel, and By Country/Sub-Region)


    • Japan

    • China

    • India

    • Australia

    • Southeast Asia

    • Rest of Asia Pacific


  • Latin America (By Drug Generation, By Distribution Channel, and By Country/Sub-Region)


    • Brazil

    • Mexico

    • Rest of Latin America


  • Middle East & Africa (By Drug Generation, By Distribution Channel, and By Country/Sub-Region)


    • GCC

    • South Africa

    • Rest of the Middle East & Africa







Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the global market stood at USD 15.55 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 22.37 billion by 2030.

In 2022, the global market size in North America was USD 7.52 billion.

The market will exhibit steady growth at a CAGR of 4.4% during the forecast period (2023-2030).

Based on drug generation, the second generation drugs segment was the leading segment in this market.

Rising product approvals and active government initiatives to spread awareness among the patient population is a key factor driving the market growth.

UCB S.A., Pfizer and GSK plc. are the leading players in the global market.

North America dominated the market share in 2022.

Introduction to therapeutically effective drugs and the increasing prevalence of epileptic seizures in low and middle-income countries are anticipated to boost the adoption of anticonvulsant medications.

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