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Gasoline Direct Injection Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Component (Fuel Pumps, Fuel Injectors, Electronic Control Unit (ECU), Fuel Rail, Others), By Vehicle (Passenger Vehicle, Light Commercial Vehicle), and Regional Forecast, 2024-2032

Last Updated: July 08, 2024 | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI101345



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The global gasoline direct injection market size was valued at USD 10.99 billion in 2023 and is projected to grow from USD 12.04 billion in 2024 to USD 27.79 billion by 2032, exhibiting a CAGR of 11.01% during the forecast period. The Asia Pacific dominated the gasoline direct injection market with a share of 47.59% in 2023.

Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) is commonly known as petrol direct injection, a mixture-forming mechanism for gasoline-powered internal combustion engines in which fuel is directly pumped into the combustion chamber of a vehicle. The GDI system is far more precise than older fuel-injection systems or carburetors as it improves fuel efficiency and produces a high power output. Furthermore, emissions levels may be managed more accurately with GDI technology. A typical gasoline fuel injector system consists of fuel pumps, fuel injectors, Electronic Control Units (ECU), fuel rail, and others. In this system, fuel pumps pressurize the gasoline fuel before being injected with the help of a fuel injector directly into each cylinder's combustion chamber through a standard rail fuel line. In addition, the ECU adjusts the necessary air-fuel mixture, ignition timing, and exhaust-gas treatment. In 2020, due to the outbreak of the coronavirus pandemic and unprecedented turmoil in the global energy market, the world economy was severely impacted by a significant drop in mobility, closure of industries, reduced road transport, and others. Besides, the travel rule and lockdown regulations have also resulted in the unavailability of skilled labor, causing disruption in the manufacturing sector.

The global COVID-19 pandemic was unprecedented and staggering, with gasoline direct injection experiencing lower-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of -6.5% in 2020 as compared to 2019. The COVID-19 pandemic had set a drawback for automotive component manufacturers across the globe owing to supply chain disruption and increasing demand for raw materials, such as steel spools and powertrain components, among others, which halted component requirements across the automotive sector. For example, two auto powerhouses, Toyota Motors and Hyundai Motor, temporarily shut down their automobile production at the national car site due to the outbreak of coronavirus in February.

Gasoline Direct Injection Market Trends

Electrification Integration is Propelling Market Growth  

The trend toward vehicle electrification, including hybrid and electric vehicles (EVs), is influencing the development of GDI systems. GDI systems are being integrated into hybrid powertrains to improve overall efficiency and reduce emissions. In hybrid vehicles, GDI systems are being integrated into hybrid powertrains to improve overall efficiency and reduce emissions. In hybrid vehicles, GDI technology complements electric propulsion by providing more precise control over fuel delivery and combustion, optimizing the efficiency of the internal combustion engine (ICE) when it's used. GDI technology in hybrid powertrains allows for finer control over engine operation, particularly during start-stop cycles and low-speed driving, where the internal combustion engine is primarily utilized. By optimizing combustion efficiency, GDI helps to maximize the energy extracted from each drop of fuel, enhancing the overall efficiency of the hybrid system. Integrating GDI with hybrid powertrains contributes to reducing tailpipe emissions, aligning with regulatory requirements for cleaner vehicles. The combination of GDI and electrification helps automakers meet stringent emissions standards while delivering the performance and range expected by consumers.

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Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) Market Growth Factors

Government Regulations for Automotive Emission Reduction to Drive Market Growth

Gasoline direct injection is a type of fuel injection that delivers highly pressurized fuel directly into engine cylinders. Accordingly, new regulations have been introduced to limit particulate emissions from GDI engines. These regulations restrict vehicle emissions, balance vehicle performance, and fuel economy, which prompted automakers to develop innovative operational engine architectures.

In India, for example, the central government has ordered that from April 1, 2020, vehicle manufacturers will only have to manufacture, sell, and register BS-VI (Bharat Level 6) vehicles. The BS-VI proposal introduces PM and PN emission limits for light commercial petrol vehicles, although these standards only apply to vehicles equipped with direct injection engines.

In addition, automakers are also working on these new standards to produce vehicles with improved fuel efficiency and performance. For example, Maruti Suzuki India Limited (MSIL) intends to offer a gasoline direct injection variant to diesel-powered vehicles to meet BS-VI emission standards, as the GDI technology despite being gasoline-powered, will be able to produce more power without compromising on fuel efficiency. Therefore, introducing strict regulations related to emissions is one of the factors expected to contribute to the gasoline direct injection market growth.

Increasing Demand for Fuel Efficiency and Improved Operational Engine Performance to Drive Market Growth 

Due to rising concerns on deteriorating ambient air quality, specific measures are taken globally to adopt and enforce tighter vehicular emission regulations to minimize tailpipe unburned hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM). Regions with advanced technologies started focusing on limiting the levels of pollutants to reduce the amount of carbon emissions into the atmosphere.

GDI engines can provide an optimum combination of fuel efficiency and high performance to control and optimize vehicle performance at an appropriate cost. A wide range of semiconductor solutions is specifically designed to comply with emissions norms and to provide greater fuel efficiency.

One recent development in the context occurred in May 2021, when STMicroelectronics enabled electronic control of the next generation of gasoline direct injection engines. The company has found that the injection voltage signal contains clear information about the actual quantity of fuel delivered. Further, it becomes clear that processing the injector voltage signal allows real-time calculation of the actual amount of fuel injected during the operation. This control strategy enables GDI for very short injections, when ballistic behavior occurs, enabling the use of multiple injection strategies in GDI engines.


Rising Electric Vehicle Demand to Hamper Market Growth

Increasing adoption of electric powered vehicles has resulted in sales decline of internal combustion engine vehicles as the rise in electric vehicles leads to a sign that a shift of power from oil is reducing. This has resulted in less production of IC engines components such as injectors, fuel rails, and others.

Furthermore, with recent advancements in clean energy for automobiles, more and more countries are increasing the adoption of this technology resulting in lower sales and production of a traditional internal combustion engine.

For instance, in 2021, 12.5% of new light-duty vehicle registrations were Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) in California. In the European Union, hybrid electric vehicles accounted for 19.6% of all new passenger cars registered in 2021, compared to 11.9% in 2020, and sales of petrol vehicles fell by almost 33.5%, with nearly all EU markets recording declines.

Gasoline Direct Injection Market Segmentation Analysis

By Component Analysis

Fuel Pumps Segment to Hold Dominant Market Share Due to Maximum Usage for Fuel Supply

By vehicle, the market is divided into fuel pumps, fuel injectors, Engine Control Unit (ECU), fuel rail, and others. The GDI system comprises various components crucial for its efficient performance.

Gasoline direct injection generally includes two fuel pumps, a tank pump responsible for pumping enough fuel to the engine and a high-pressure fuel pump responsible for generating enough pressure.

The pumps play a crucial role in supplying precise amounts of fuel directly to the combustion chamber, reducing inefficiencies and increasing power, due to which it holds a dominant gasoline direct injection market share. In parallel to fuel supply, fuel injectors are used to spray gasoline directly into the combustion chamber and mix with air chargers, resulting in higher engine compression and, in turn, increased efficiency, which helps reduce fuel consumption and increase torque. Based on this factor, the fuel injector segment is likely to experience significant demand during the forecast period.

The Engine Control Unit (ECU) plays a crucial role in the GDI system. The component identifies and tells the injectors when to spray fuel. With a growing shift toward electrification, various automotive manufacturers are increasing the adoption of ECU units in their powertrain technology; hence, the ECU is likely to experience the highest growth during the forecast timeframe.

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By Vehicle Analysis

Passenger Vehicle Segment to Hold Dominant Market Share due to its High Production Rate with Gasoline Powered Engine

Based on vehicle, the market is segmented into passenger vehicle and light commercial vehicle. The global proportion of GDI engines’ air to fuel mixtures is expected to overtake Port Fuel Injection (PFI) engines by 2020 due to the implementation of increasingly stringent fuel consumption regulations.

Passenger vehicles significantly adopt gasoline direct fuel injection technology as most of the passenger vehicles are powered by petrol/gasoline fuel. The demand for passenger cars is primarily driven by private transport majorly in developing countries majorly across China, India, and others. Thus, the rise of the global middle class consumer is likely to surge the demand for gasoline powered direct injection in passenger vehicles, which holds a dominant market share.

Light commercial vehicles, such as pick-up trucks and minivans, also possess the penetration of the GDI system, due to which it also holds a significant market share.


Asia Pacific Gasoline Direct Injection Market Size, 2023 (USD Billion)

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The global market analysis has been done across North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East & Africa. The Asia Pacific region will likely hold the dominant market share for gasoline direct injection systems during the forecast period, owing to increasing production and sales of passenger vehicles across the region. Moreover, auto manufacturers, such as Volkswagen, Tata Motors, and Suzuki, are experiencing high demand for passenger vehicles in emerging economic countries such as India and Indonesia. Furthermore, Asia Pacific is the home of leading automotive manufacturers, such as Tata Motors, Suzuki, Hyundai, and Toyota, which significantly impacts the demand for gasoline direct injection technology.

The North America region also holds a significant market share for the GDI system, owing to GDI technology penetration in light commercial vehicles and passenger vehicles.

Furthermore, in Europe, government regulations for lowering the carbon emission generated from vehicles are likely to propel the demand for GDI with various technological advancements. Subsequently, the UAE and Saudi Arabia still possess a high share of gasoline-powered vehicles, which is a significant factor in leading a favorable market landscape for gasoline direct injection.

List of Key Companies in Gasoline Direct Injection Market

Key Participants are Concentrating on Enhancing their Product Capacities to Create New Market Opportunities

The global gasoline direct injection market is highly fragmented, with many small players providing GDI to various auto manufacturers. Numerous players are actively operating across the globe to cater to the increasing demand for GDI from automobile manufacturers.

Major players, including Bosch, Denso, BorgWarner Inc, and Park-Ohio also operate in the market. Based on our analysis, OEMs constitute more than 50% of the market share and many regional and local players dominate the remaining market. Numerous other players operating in the industry are focused on delivering advanced GDI solutions with components upgraded to cater to the growing demand for providing efficient, low pollution engine powertrain.

List of Key Companies Profiled:


  • February 2022 - Denso Corporation’s expertise in the Standard Rail System (CRS) allowed it to help vehicle manufacturers worldwide create increasingly responsive, efficient, and reliable vehicles. The company has successfully offered its GDI solution with advanced fuel pumps, injectors, and electronics.

  • November 2021 – Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Subaru Corporation, Toyota Motor Corporation, Mazda Motor Corporation, and Yamaha Motor announced that they are in discussions to conduct joint research and find possible ways to expand the range of fuel options for IC engines in pursuit of carbon neutrality. As a result, Toyota commissioned Yamaha to develop a 5.0-liter hydrogen-powered V8 unit based on the 5.0-liter engine used in the Lexus RC F luxury sports coupe, with changes to the injectors, cylinder heads, intake manifold, and others.

  • January 2021 - Hitachi Automotive System Limited, Keihin Corporation, Showa Corporation, and Nissan Kogyo Co Ltd. concluded a management integration to form Hitachi Astemo Americas, Inc. to provide leading mobility solutions to the automotive industry. Hitachi Astemo works on creating advanced mobility solutions as its core business of powertrain systems, chassis systems, and advanced driver assistance systems for automobiles and motorcycles to promote business portfolio.

  • July 2019 - Bosch did a comprehensive aftermarket GDI parts program with motorsport and OE pedigree, including spark plugs, ignition coils, lambda sensors, high-pressure injectors, and pumps, helping the service provider to boost their revenue and satisfy their customers at the same time.

  • April 2019 –Stanadyne LLC completed the acquisition of Pure Power Technologies Inc, which specializes in designing and manufacturing diesel fuel injectors and turbochargers. The investment will bring together a high-end complementary line of products to form a global company that supplies comprehensive fuel and air management systems directly to OEMs, OES, and aftermarket channels.


The market research reports present a comprehensive industry assessment by offering valuable insights, facts, industry-related information, and historical data. Several methodologies and approaches are adopted to make meaningful assumptions and views to formulate the report. Furthermore, the report covers a detailed analysis of key market segments, including components, vehicle types, and regions, helping the readers get a comprehensive global gasoline direct injection industry overview.

An Infographic Representation of Gasoline Direct Injection Market

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Study Period


Base Year


Estimated Year


Forecast Period


Historical Period


Growth Rate

CAGR of 11.01% from 2024-2032


Value (USD Billion)



By Component

  • Fuel Pumps

  • Fuel Injectors

  • ECU

  • Fuel Rail

  • Others

By Vehicle

  • Passenger Vehicles

  • Light Commercial Vehicles

By Region

  • North America (By Component, By Vehicle, and by Country)

    • U.S.

    • Canada

  • Europe (By Component, By Vehicle, and by Country)

    • U.K.

    • Germany

    • France

    • Spain

    • Russia

    • Rest of Europe

  • Asia Pacific (By Component, By Vehicle, and by Country)

    • China

    • India

    • Japan

    • Southeast Asia

    • Rest of Asia Pacific

  • Latin America (By Component, By Vehicle, and by Country)

    • Brazil

    • Mexico

    • Rest of Latin America

  • Middle East & Africa (By Component, By Vehicle, and by Country)

    • GCC

    • South Africa

    • Rest of Middle East & Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights study shows that the global market was worth USD 10.99 billion in 2023.

The Asia Pacific market size stood at USD 5.23 billion in 2023.

Based on component, the fuel pumps segment holds the dominating share in the global market.

The global market size is expected to reach USD 27.79 billion by 2032.

The key market drivers are increasing government regulations to reduce carbon emissions and product enhancement to improve operational efficiency.

The top players in the market are Denso Corporation, Bosch, Marelli Holdings Co., Ltd., TI Fluid Systems, BorgWarner Inc., and Park-Ohio Holdings Corp.

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