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The global geophysical services market size was valued at USD 12.65 billion in 2021. The market is projected to grow from USD 13.12 billion in 2022 to USD 20.55 billion by 2029, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.6% during the forecast period. The global COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented and staggering, with experiencing lower-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels. Based on our analysis, the global market had exhibited a decline of -20.2% in 2020 compared to 2019.
Geophysical services collect systematic data from subsurface or earth’s surface for site characterization, monitoring various electric magnetic fields, and exploring potential mining, oil & gas minerals. The services are widely carried out in oil & gas, mining, and other industries to exploit potential reserves.
Disruptions in Oil & Gas and Mining Activity to Slow Down Growth amid Pandemic
In 2020, the exploration and production (E&P) industry was faced with demand deterioration due to the global effects of COVID-19 pandemic. Market supply of increased production of oil and gases gas resulted in a significant decline in oil & gas prices. In addition to this, actions taken by governments and industries to limit the spread of virus has reduced economic activity, resulting in falling of oil prices.
For instance, the Brent crude oil prices, dropped 66% during the first quarter from USD 66 on January 1, 2020, to USD 23 on March 31, 2020. This volatility in commodity prices and the sharp decline throughout 2020 triggered E&P companies to reduce budgets by approximately 25%. Together, these events adversely affected the demand for oil & natural gas, geophysical services and products and disrupted the global markets.
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Increasing Hydrocarbons Exploration to Spur Market Opportunities for Market
The increasing demand for oil & gas has led to the search for hydrocarbon exploration, including oil and natural gas deposits underground by geologists and geophysicists. The most significant part of the process is a dependable estimate of the oil and gas volume in place and planning the field development and production of a reservoir oil or gas. Geophysical survey is one of the economic methods for discovering natural resources to meet the rising demand for energy and consumer goods.
The government and private entities are extensively diverging their fund for locating untapped hydrocarbon reserves to meet the increasing demand for oil & gas, further creating market opportunities. For instance, on October 13, 2021, Asian Energy Services (AESL) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Russian Joint Stock Company Rosgeologia (RosGeo), which focuses on long-term cooperation in seismic and geophysical surveys in India and other countries.
Increasing Adoption of Geophysical Software to Aid Market Growth
The oil and gas industry has begun adopting digital technologies focusing on a better understanding of reservoir resources, the potential of production, improving health and safety, and boosting the operational efficiency at the oil fields. In addition, many companies are making incremental performance improvements through the selective use of business and digital technologies, which is likely aid the growth for this market.
The emergence of new techniques in geophysics coupled with the ability to process and analyze the data rapidly and support the real-time decision and execution has shifted the focus of various major players toward a sustainable energy future. For instance, On June 08, 2021, CGG launched the GeoSoftware 11.0 version for its extensive reservoir characterization and petrophysical interpretation software solutions. The software solution leverages enhanced machine learning capabilities, including WellGen, a new Hampson Russell application that facilitates deep learning marine linking geological and geophysical interpretations.
Progressive Demand for Geophysical Technologies from Petroleum Industries Drive Market Growth
The exponential economic growth worldwide and rising urbanization increased the demand for fossil fuels. Many private entities and government organizations worldwide use geophysical services to determine the characteristics of the geological subsurface. It measures the difference between rock types and physical discontinuities without drilling or tunneling. Therefore, many giant companies worldwide invest in exploration and production activities to meet the growing demand for fuel and energy. For instance, on August 12, 2021, Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) has awarded Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting (BGP) with two contracts which includes 3D seismic survey and rig supply. The contract worth USD 221 million and will be carried out across the West Kuwait and Mutriba regions.
Volatility in Crude Oil and Opposition to Mining by Local Community Hinders Market Growth
The oil and gas sector are the major contributor to the geophysical services market growth. However, the unstable prices of crude oil in the international market limit the industry as the production, demand & supply for oil & gases heavily depend upon its prices. Oil prices can vary greatly, with a price near USD 115 per barrel in 2014 and USD 19 in 2020, which likely occurred due to the alteration in policies and increased oil and gas supply. This factor affects the services and operation of several oil & gas companies, leading to the adoption of services.
In addition to this, the paradigm shifts in clean energy technology and renewable energy sources will decrease the demand for oil & gas fossil fuels. Various countries around the globe have set their net-zero targets and cut dependency on oil, which acts as a restrain to the market's growth.
Seismic Technology Hold Dominant Geophysical Services Market Share Due to Low Cost
Based on technology, the market can be segmented across seismic, magnetic, electromagnetic, gradiometry, gravity, borehole logging and others.
Among these, a seismic survey is the most commonly used method to acquire meaningful data of subsurface geology. It is widely used in the hydrocarbon and mining industry due to its ability to precisely discover natural resources at an economical cost.
Magnetic technology accounts for a significant share of the market. The magnetic technology is used to survey the magnetism of the rocks minerals to be identified beneath the surface. Subsequently, the electromagnetic (EM) surveys differ from magnetic surveys in that as opposed. They mostly rely on the signature of naturally high-intensity magnetic minerals, which induce an electromagnetic current into the ground and measures the resulting field.
In gravity technology, a gravimeter measures the gravity field to determine variations in rock density. These surveys are used to identify areas that have mineral or energy resource deposits.
The borehole logging technology records and analyzes physical properties made in wells or test holes.
The other segments include resistivity, hyperspectral, LiDAR, and vibration monitors.
Land Survey Type to Hold Dominant Market Share due to Increasing Oil & Gas Exploration
The market is segmented into land, marine, and aerial-based on the survey type.
The land survey type holds a dominant share due to its extensive use in mining and increasing hydrocarbon exploration.
Additionally, the marine survey also accounts for a significant market share. Its use in obtaining physical properties data for understanding the seafloor and sub-seafloor geology can help identify subsurface conditions, which is expected to have an annual growth rate CAGR of 5.8%.
Furthermore, the aerial based survey is one of the most effective method to investigate large areas and land within short time and without harming and disturbing the local environment. The aerial-based geophysical services survey overcomes the difficulty issues of mapping large survey areas across remote location which drives the growth of segment during the forecast period.
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Oil & Gas to Hold Dominant Market Share Due Largely Due to Increasing Oil & Gas Demand
Based on end-user, the market can be divided into oil & gas, minerals & mining, agriculture, water exploration, and others.
The oil & gas industry holds the largest market share as oil & gas contribute a significant share in economic progress. With growing hydrocarbons exploration, the geophysical survey to exactly locate the reserves of oil, natural gas, and other energy essential to meet the increasing demand will likely result in dominating share in the oil & gas industry in the forecast period.
Similarly, minerals & mining accounts for a substantial market share due to the tremendous demand for minerals & metals from the chemicals and manufacturing industries.
Agriculture is one emerging segment as several countries adopt advanced technology for surveying land and are likely to grow in the forecast period. Water exploration is in the nascent stage. However, with the growing water scarcity in many countries, the segment is set to increase the demand for the services.
The other segments include infrastructure, environment, telecommunications.
North America Geophysical Services Market Size, 2021 (USD Billion)
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Based on the regional analysis, the market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa.
North America holds a dominating market share due to its extensive exploration and production activities in the U.S. and Canada. Enormous investments are made by government and private entities across the region to explore hydrocarbons and metals and the mining industry, which is expected to grow with a dominating share during the forecast period.
In Europe, fossil fuel accounts for a substantial share of total energy consumption. The growing hydrocarbons exploration activities drive the market to discover the untapped hydrocarbon reserves to meet the rising demand for energy counties like the U.K., Norway, and Russia invest in exploration activities to suffice the ever-growing demand for hydrocarbon.
Furthermore, the tremendous population growth in the Asia Pacific regions increased the demand for consumer goods. The exponential growth in several industry verticals is attributed to increased demand for metals & minerals.
Latin America houses some important oil-producing countries globally, including Brazil, Argentina, Chile, etc. By the end of 2020, Brazil was not only pumping the most oil in Latin America, an average of 3.03 million barrels daily, but finished ranked as the world's seventh-largest producer.
The Middle East & Africa possess a high potential for economic development as many countries are still deprived. However, the oil baron nations are likely to provide lucrative growth opportunities. With the presence of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Saudi Aramco, the leading supplier of oil & gas, suffice the market growth for the oil & gas industry.
Exciting New Opportunities to be Lapped up by Market Players
The market is highly fragmented, due to the companies with a leading share such as, Schlumberger, CGG, PGS, and small players in a competitive landscape. Schlumberger is one of the top companies that provide comprehensive solutions for locating natural deposits. The company delivers expertise in seismic services, seismic data processing, and mapping of geological information. In addition, CGG and PGS are significant players in bringing unique solutions to their clients across the world.
The key players profiled in the geophysical services global market report are recognized for providing extremely precise data and images of the earth’s subsurface. On June 15, 2021, TGS and Earth Science Analytics announced their collaboration to expand their Seismic and Well Data offering and promote further data-driven geoscience innovations. The partnership focuses on delivering a new suite of seismic derivation products to provide enhanced exploration insights in the area from the E&P industry through artificial intelligence.
An Infographic Representation of Geophysical Service Market
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The global geophysical services market research of geophysical services report presents a comprehensive industry assessment by offering valuable insights, facts, industry-related information, and historical data. Several methodologies and approaches are adopted to make meaningful assumptions and views to formulate the market research report. Furthermore, the report covers a detailed analysis of market segments, including applications and regions, helping our readers get a comprehensive overview of the global industry.
Value (USD billion)
By Technology, By Survey Type, By End-user, and By Region
By Survey Type
As per the Fortune Business Insights study, the global market was USD 12.65 billion in 2021.
The global market is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 6.6% in the forecasted period.
The market size of North America stood at USD 7.84 billion in 2021.
The seismic segment holds the dominating share in the global market based on technology.
The global market is expected to reach USD 20.55 billion by 2029.
The key market drivers are hydrocarbons exploration and digital technology adoption.
The top players in the market are Schlumberger, CGG, PGS, TGS, ION Geophysical, Weatherford International.
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