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The global quantum cryptography market size was valued at USD 111.6 million in 2022. The market is projected to grow from USD 128.9 million in 2023 to USD 455.3 million by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 19.8% during the forecast period.
The three main areas of quantum technologies are computing, communications, and sensing. Quantum Communications (QComms) is a process where quantum information is securely transferred across space using quantum mechanics. The ecosystem ensures security through quantum cryptography, an encryption method that uses principles of quantum mechanics to encrypt and transmit data securely without being hacked.
The revenue of the QComms ecosystem is currently generated through component players, consulting services, and joint research projects. Quantum cryptography solutions are already commercially available but on a limited scale. The component part of the value chain has already been a mature market. However, hardware, application software, and service providers are still in their developing stage. The players operating in the market are building alliances with related players in the ecosystem. No company can provide or manage every aspect of quantum communications due to the cost and required skills.
The report covers players, such as Qrypt, QuintessenceLabs, ID Quantique, Quside Technologies, and QNu Labs Private Limited, and others. These players are continuously upgrading their solutions with the changing technology. For instance, ID Quantique is upgrading its existing enterprise-level encryption with quantum cryptography.
Technology players are introducing new components of the value chain. Moreover, other factors, such as growing investments, government initiatives, research projects, rising frequency of cyberattacks, and collaborations among players are expected to help the market grow at a higher pace in the coming years.
COVID-19 Pandemic Sped Up Digitization, Leading to Need for Secured Communications
The COVID-19 pandemic sped up digitization across all industries accelerating the need for secure communications. For instance, most physicians started maintaining digital records in healthcare during the pandemic. In several countries, these records were to be kept secured by law. Quantum cryptography technologies enable security for such electronic communications.
The pandemic also surged electronic transactions including sending emails, online purchases, and ATM transactions, among others. With increasing electronic communications, the need for quantum-safe technology solutions accelerated rapidly during the pandemic. Additionally, government investments and public funding were majorly influencing the global quantum cryptography market growth during the pandemic.
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Rising Government Investments across Quantum Computing Technologies to Foster Market Growth
Quantum technologies continue to make substantial progress in 2023, with commercial applications being able to solve difficult problems significantly faster than existing cryptographic algorithms. Companies are realizing the importance of adopting quantum cryptography solutions. To track the top trends going on in 2023, Forbes interviewed experts in quantum space. According to this study, the top trends ongoing in the market are the emergence of quantum computing commercialization, enhanced supremacy of fault-tolerant quantum computers, and significant increase of government initiatives in quantum space through investments and national protection mechanisms. The experts confirm implementing quantum-safe cryptography solutions across main digital platforms including post-quantum, PKI, and others. The trends mentioned above indicate the robust growth of the market.
Increasing Focus on Cyber Security to Drive Market Growth
Cyber threats play a major role in the global market growth. This was highlighted by the current Russia-Ukraine war. Countries are investing increasingly in quantum-safe technologies to ensure that they do not fall prey to cyber wars in the future. Additionally, the demand for quantum cryptography solutions across industries indicates promising growth for the market. This demand also accelerated government investments and public funding, further favoring the growth of startups in the ecosystem.
Furthermore, businesses and end users have a high reliance on computer networks for transactions and communication, leading to the demand for advanced technologies to safeguard sensitive data. The technology hyper scalers in the market are also investing in building quantum computers capable of withstanding classical and quantum computer attacks.
Moreover, as no single organization can develop every aspect of the quantum-safe technology space, players operating in the market engage in strategic collaborations and partnerships. These factors influence a country’s or company’s quantum cryptography market share in the entire ecosystem.
Lack of Skilled Professionals and Errors in Current Cryptographic Algorithms Might Hinder Market Growth
Quantum cryptography solutions are no longer a “nice to have”; organizations are realizing the need for implementing these solutions. The market is entering the commercialization stage and gaining popularity at a rapid pace. However, the industry is facing a lack of skilled professionals. The below chart highlights the barriers hampering the adoption of quantum technologies across businesses.
However, companies operating in the market are continuously trying to bridge the gap and cope with the changing technology. Thus, the market is expected to grow steadily with improved solutions, strategic collaborations, revised security standards, and improved workforce education efforts.
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Quantum Key Distribution to Gain Traction Due to Their Wide Application Across Industries
Based on type, the market is divided into Quantum Key Distribution (QKD), Quantum Random Number Generation (QRNG), and others. Until now, QKD and QRNG have sparked the most interest among end-users. The QKD segment has bagged the largest market share due to its rising applications across industries. For instance,
Additionally, QKD is expected to record the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Moreover, the QRNG segment is expected to grow steadily owing to limited commercialized applications. On the other hand, the other technology segment holds the least market share as these technologies are still in their early stages.
Need for Robust Protection Against Cyberattacks to Boost Investments in Network Security
Based on security type, the market is bifurcated into application security and network security. The network security segment dominates the market and will continue to hold the largest share in the coming years. The network security applications highlight how quantum cryptography can be applied across live networks to offer protection against suspicious hacks or attacks from future quantum computers. Companies in the entire QComms ecosystem constantly collaborate to strengthen network security applications. For instance,
June 2023 - Nokia and its partners have collaborated with Proximus to introduce Europe’s first live hybrid quantum encryption key trial. This trial highlights the growing practical applications of network security across the globe.
Moreover, the application security segment is expected to grow steadily in the coming years owing to limited practical applications.
Rising Commercialized Applications and Adoption of Quantum Technologies across the Healthcare Space is Revolutionizing the Market
Based on industry, the market is segmented into BFSI, cloud & data center, government, energy & utilities, healthcare, automotive, and others (gaming, retail & consumer goods, and others). The early adopters of the technology include healthcare, BFSI, and government. Among these, the healthcare segment holds the largest market share owing to positive commercialized practical applications. In the modern healthcare space, critical data is frequently exchanged across clinics, labs, and practitioners. Thus, it becomes important for the infrastructure to deploy advanced cryptographic solutions. Moreover, medical centers across the globe have been installing quantum computers for advancing research related to quantum technologies. For instance,
March, 2023 - Cleveland Clinic deployed IBM’s Quantum System One, the quantum computer dedicated to healthcare research. With this installment of quantum computer at the academic medical center, System One becomes the first on-site IBM-managed quantum computer deployed in the private sector of the U.S.
Thus, increasing commercialized applications, rising research projects, and positive deployment of cryptographic solutions have progressed the market share of the healthcare sector in the global market.
Further, the government, cloud, and data centers follow the healthcare industry in terms of their market share due to continuous investments, initiatives, and research projects. Component players, research projects, and consulting services currently govern the market revenue. Owing to this, the government and cloud datacenter segments hold a promising market share. The below chart indicates the top three industry sectors affected by quantum computing.
However, most of the above-highlighted industries share common problems in making the most of complex data sets and a sprawling web of requirements. Thus, the market players are recommended to double up on the commercialization applications and develop industry-specific solutions. Government, BFSI, and healthcare are expected to hold a significant share in the coming years.
North America Quantum Cryptography Market Size, 2022 (USD Million)
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The report is studied across North America, South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific.
North America dominated the market in 2022 and is heavily influenced by increasing research projects and startups across the U.S. According to a collaborative study from CapitalIQ, PitchBook, and press search, U.S.-based QComms startups have accelerated significantly. In 2015, the number of QComms startups was 5, further growing to 19 startups in 2021. This increase is higher than in any other country across the globe. Canada also marks a remarkable position in research institutes and investments. With this, North America is expected to maintain its dominance during the forecast period.
Europe follows the U.S. in terms of the rising number of QComms startups, marking an emerging position in the quantum cryptography space. Owing to these reasons, Europe is expected to grow at a steady pace.
Asia Pacific is making strides in the quantum computing space, with China leading the patents related to the quantum ecosystem. For instance,
Moreover, India has recently showcased positive growth in the practical applications of quantum technologies. Compared to other regions, the Middle East & Africa and South America have showcased a slower adoption rate of quantum technologies.
Key Market Players are Constantly Engaging in Strategic Investments to Keep Up with Changing Technology
The current ecosystem of this market does not have a single player that can provide or manage a complete solution. To cater to this need, companies are entering strategic collaborations and partnerships to integrate the best of their capabilities with their partner’s expertise. Additionally, companies have been investing in upskilling their workforce, which might foster market growth more rapidly than now.
An Infographic Representation of Quantum Cryptography Market
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The market research report highlights the competitive landscape of the key companies operating in the industry. Along with this, it studies the ongoing market trends and recent developments in the market. In addition to the factors above, the global quantum cryptography market report has been studied meticulously, keeping in mind the security standards of countries across the globe. Additionally, it encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.
CAGR of 19.8% from 2023 to 2030
Value (USD Million)
By Type, Security Type, Industry, and Region
By Security Type
The market is projected to reach USD 455.3 million by 2030.
In 2022, the market was valued at USD 111.6 million.
The market is projected to register a CAGR of 19.8% during the forecast period.
The quantum key distribution type segment is expected to lead the market.
Increasing focus on cyber security is driving the market growth.
Qrypt, QuintessenceLabs., ID Quantique, Quside Technologies, QNu Labs Private Limited, and Toshiba Digital Solutions Corporation are the top players in the market.
North America is expected to hold the largest market share.
By type, the quantum key distribution segment is expected to record the highest CAGR during the forecast period.
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