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The global ring main unit market size was USD 1.58 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow from USD 1.69 billion in 2021 to USD 2.77 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 7.4% during 2021-2028. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unmatched and staggering, with the ring main unit witnessing a negative demand across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of -11.2% in 2020 compared to the average year-on-year growth during 2017-2019. The rise in CAGR of this market during the forecast period is attributable to this market's demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the epidemic is over.
A notable development in urbanization and multiple smart city initiatives worldwide have led to the development of the demand for RMUs worldwide. Revolution in the electrical and electronic sector has led to urbanization and industrialization, making it necessary to increase the reliability of electric supply. RMU is a type of metal-enclosed switchgear used in safe power distribution. The units are used for circuit control, circuit isolation, and circuit protection. It enhances service quality and reduces operational costs in the long term.
Blockades in Electrical Supply Setups has Harmed Ring Main Unit Market Growth amid COVID-19
The global coronavirus pandemic had a devastating impact on major industry verticals, which suffered significant losses in the operational time of industries, majorly caused by lockdowns that were imposed to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak.
Consequently, the aforementioned factors have affected the market growth. As the electrical industry affects the market, the weakening faced by the power supply industry due to the reduced power demand from the industrial and commercial sectors impacted the investment in the units. The shutdown of businesses and trades dues to lockdowns reduced the power consumption and further reduced activities of power distribution. Companies and governments postponed their power infrastructure projects. These factors have directly impacted the utilization of the units.
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Increasing Adoption of Smart Grids to Augment Market Growth
Notable technological developments have been made in the electrical and electronics sector in the past decade. The increasing reliance on electric power for various appliances and consumer electronics has driven the need for remotely controllable grids. The rise in the demand for smart monitoring and control and digital controlling of power grids has increased the adoption of smart grids. The need for RMUs is observable to assist in these newly set up smart grids. This factor is expected to enhance market opportunities in the forecasted period.
Improvement of Aging Power Infrastructure to Enhance Market Size
According to International Energy Agency's World Energy Investment Report 2020, global spending in transmission reached USD 90 billion in 2019. China saw a high focus on the upgrading of rural power grids and the construction of distribution networks. The U.S. saw growth in investments for the fifth consecutive year due to regulations on improving grid resilience and reliability. Distribution investment in Europe and China remained stable due to lower growth rates for electricity demand. The increasing investment in the improvement of old power infrastructure is anticipated to give rise to smart power systems using switching capabilities like the ring main units.
Rising Industrial Infrastructure to Aid Market Development
Increasing investments in industrial infrastructure are anticipated to hasten the power supply and distribution lines across industries and regions. The increasing industrialization has furthered the setup of new industrial facilities. Industries require complex electrical substations to facilitate their power requirements and avoid accidents due to overloading. Switching equipment like the RMU is necessary to maintain voltage fluctuations. It has become vital to warrant the safe operation of electric supplies due to increased dependence on electrical machinery in industries. Hence, growing investments in industrial infrastructure propel the market growth during the forecast period.
Growing Renewable Energy Demand to Drive Market Growth
The growing conscience for the environment amongst consumers and increased focus on reducing carbon emissions will drive the generation of renewable energy. The development of the renewable energy industry has directed governments to establish power plants to produce power from various renewable resources. The rising dependence on renewable energy resources for power generation can also be accredited to the lower capital requirement than oil and gas.
According to the IRENA’s (International Renewable Energy Agency) Projected Costs of Generating Electricity 2020, the Levelized Cost of Electricity Generation (LCOE) using various energy sources of different world regions was studied. It was found that wind energy costs the least, whereas electricity generation from coal costs the most. The increased investment in renewable energy sources is expected to increase distribution utility, which will require smart switching equipment. This market is expected to grow as a result of these factors.
High Investment Cost Could Hamper Market Growth to Some Extent
RMUs are metal-enclosed switchgear. It includes a protection and metering device. They control circuits, isolate faulty equipment, and protect the circuit from earth faults. Due to their advantages like compact design, smart capabilities, safety and performance, and cost savings, RMUs have high capital costs. The high initial prices of RMUs could also be accredited to the lower economies of scale. The high initial investment adversely affects the market growth rate.
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Better Functionality of Gas Insulated Units Drives their Demand
The global ring main unit market by type is segmented into gas-insulated, oil-insulated, air-insulated, solid di-electric, and others. Due to its maximum utilization, the gas-insulated segment holds a significant market share. The gas-insulated units are compact, have good functionality, and are climatically resistant. They use the SF6 gas as an insulation medium. They are widely used in wind power plants, railway systems, underground installations, and mining applications.
Low Voltage Segment to Maintain Lion’s Share Due to Growing Demand in Distribution Networks
The market, by voltage, is segmented into low voltage (up to 15kV), medium voltage (16-25 kV), and high voltage (above 25 kV). Growing requirement of low voltage RMUs in distribution networks due to their high fault enduring capacity. The medium and high voltage segments are projected to attain the maximum CAGR in the forecast period due to their increasing utilization in industrial infrastructures. The high requirement in the utility industry for transmission and substation applications is expected to boost the high voltage segment of the market.
High Utilization to Drive Indoor Segment Growth
Based on the installation, the global market can be fragmented into indoor and outdoor. The majority of the units manufactured are indoor due to their massive deployment in electricity generation applications and industrial applications, owing to their compact design, easy maintenance, and high durability. Indoor installations account for over 50% of distribution utility applications. Outdoor installations are deployed in harsh atmospheric conditions in power supply applications. With the growing electrification efforts, the indoor segment is expected to grow.
Utility Applications to Dominate Market Share owing to Maximum Utilization
Based on the requirement and usage in various applications, the global market is divided into distribution utility, industrial, commercial & residential. Due to the varying usage in the different applications, the market is controlled by the distribution utility segment. The increasing energy demand due to urbanization and industrialization has led to the development of power distribution facilities. With increasing energy efficiency to minimize losses, smart grids are being adopted at a high rate, making the requirement for RMUs pronounced. The growing transmission and distribution networks, coupled with technological innovations in the RMU, are anticipated to bolster the distribution utility segment of the market.
Asia Pacific Ring Main Unit Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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The market has been studied across major regions, including North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, South America, and the Middle East & Africa. Asia Pacific is the largest market due to the high urbanization and industrialization in the region. The growing energy demand has led China and India to excessively invest in distribution network projects, which augmented the market. As per the National Infrastructure Pipeline, 2019-2025, energy sector projects accounted for the highest share (24%) of the total USD 1.4 trillion budgeted expenditure.
North America holds a significant ring main unit market share owing to the growing transmission and distribution network setup, owing to rising renewable energy investments. The increase in industrial infrastructure investments further propels the market in North America.
The growing emphasis on renewable energy installations and utilizations, coupled with government goals, propels the European market and is anticipated to grow at an exceptional rate. Germany, France, Spain, the U.K., and Italy are among the most prominent markets in the region.
The growing industrialization in the G.C.C. countries is a major driver for the market in the Middle East & Africa region. The ever-increasing urbanization and rise in electrification in Latin American countries propel the demand for RMUs.
Major Players Expected to Lead the Way with Funding Research Activities
It is evident from examining the competitive landscape of the market that very few market players have invested in new research study & development. The market has witnessed noteworthy technological developments to keep pace with the industry experts. ABB Ltd., Schneider Electric, and Eaton Corporation are the major manufacturers that have invested in the development of the technology. They are expected to maintain their position in the coming years.
An Infographic Representation of Ring Main Unit Market
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The research report on the global ring main unit market highlights leading regions worldwide to understand the user better. Furthermore, the market research report provides insights into the latest industry trends and analyzes technologies deployed rapidly globally. It further highlights some of the growth-stimulating factors and restraints, helping the reader gain in-depth knowledge about the industry.
Value (USD Billion)
By Type, Voltage, Installation, Application, Geography
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 1.58 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 2.77 billion by 2028.
In 2020, the North America market value stood at USD 0.52 billion.
The market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 7.4% over the forecast period 2021-2028.
The low voltage segment is anticipated to dominate this market during the forecast period.
The growing industrial infrastructure development that requires ring main units is the key factor driving the market.
ABB Ltd., Schneider Electric, and Eaton Corporation are some of the key participants in this market.
Asia Pacific dominated the market in terms of share in 2020.
Increased investment in renewable energy sources is anticipated to increase distribution utility, which will require smart switching equipment such as the ring main unit. This factor is expected to drive this market during the forecast period.
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