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Satellite Payload Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Payload Type (Communication, Imaging, Navigation, and Others), By Vehicle Type (Small and Medium-to-heavy), By Orbit (LEO, GEO, and MEO), By Application (Weather Monitoring, Telecommunication, Scientific Research, Surveillance, and Others), By End-Use (Commercial and Military), and Regional Forecast, 2024-2032

Last Updated: July 01, 2024 | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI101829

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The global satellite payload market size was valued at USD 9.25 billion in 2023 and is projected to grow from USD 10.73 billion in 2024 to USD 16.04 billion by 2032, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.2% over the forecast period. North America dominated the satellite payload market with a market share of 45.3% in 2023.

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A scientific or technological instrument carried on board of a satellite for a specific purpose is termed as a payload. The term is used to describe the portion of a spacecraft that carries out the main mission objectives. Payloads vary in their purpose, size, composition, and capabilities. They can be scientific equipment, communication equipment, instruments, or any other specialized equipment that is needed for the mission.


In addition, payload is used for a variety of applications, from observing and studying the Earth's environment to explore distant planets and galaxies. They play an important role in space exploration, weather forecasts, environmental monitoring, and communications. For instance, in January 2023, AAC Clyde Space launched its AAC AIS-Sat1 (Kelpie 1) satellite for earth observatory applications such as the Automatic Identification System (AIS) that aid in the imaging of marine vessels. Additionally, in February 2023, Thales Alenia Space launched its Amazonas-Nexus communication satellite for Spanish telecommunications company Hispamar. Such initiatives across the globe propel the market growth of satellite mission payloads during the forecast period.


The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global satellite payload industry has been significant. Supply chain disruptions worldwide during COVID-19 affected the production and distribution of satellite components. Moreover, the flow of raw materials, components, and products were interrupted by restrictions on movement, blockades, and border closures in a large number of countries. This had led to delays in the production and delivery of satellites, which had an impact on existing space projects and supply chain disruptions leading to delayed launches of satellites. Many space agencies also faced budget cut due to the pandemic, which has further impacted the market. Many of the space agencies had nearly 40% budget cut during COVID-19.


Satellite Payload Market Trends


Key Developments in Software Satellites Will Catalyze the Market Growth


Satellites with software-defined capability, which can be configured through commands from ground stations, have an AI based payload and an operating processor. The satellite may have beamforming antennas, route processors, and demodulation capabilities that are software defined. These satellites are capable of updating and reconfiguring themselves as needed.


By allowing operators to adjust the beams as needed, next-generation software satellites will be able to offer improved connectivity for inflight broadband users. Extremely high speed, improved capacity flexibility, redundancy, and backward compatibility will also be supported by the satellites for future mobility applications. In addition, software-defined satellites and software-defined network solutions have been announced by the growing number of legacy organizations and startups.


For instance, in November 2023, Lockheed Martin announced plans to prepare the first 5G.MIL Payload to orbit. First regenerative non-terrestrial network 5G satellite base station completed the final demo prior to space mission. Lockheed Martin SmartSat software, which defines the satellite architecture, is reprogrammable in orbit. Such developments in software defined satellite propel the market expansion across the globe.


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Satellite Payload Market Growth Factors


Expanding Constellation Projects to Boost Growth of Satellite Payload Market


A satellite constellation (or swarm) is a system of identical or similar-type artificial objects that serve the same goal and are controlled by the same entity. These groups transmit information to ground stations across the globe and are sometimes internally connected. They are meant to be complementary and they serve as a system. Satellites in swarms rotate through comparable orbits with orbital planes to provide continuous and virtually uninterrupted global coverage.


In November 2023, U.K. intended to establish a new constellation of small satellites aimed at improving research on climate change and disaster monitoring with Spain and Portugal. Four Portuguese spacecraft and one built by a U.K. company called Open Cosmos will form the first phase of the constellation. U.K.'s Space Agency will contribute USD 3.8 million toward developing this satellite. Sixteen satellites with EO and telecommunications payloads will be included in the Atlantic Constellation when it is done.


As more private companies and governments invest in satellite constellations for telecommunications, earth observation, weather monitoring or other uses, the demand for innovative sensors is growing. These sensors need to be used for the capture and transmission of vital information back to Earth in real-time. This makes it easier for organizations and bodies to make informed decisions.


For instance, in August 2023, the world's leading constellation operators are planning a significant increase in the number of second-generation satellites that will join LEO orbit, moving toward more powerful spacecraft at lower Earth orbits. After four years of launching more than 4,000 Starlinks, SpaceX is the largest constellation in terms of satellite count and mass.


Increased Government Investment in Defense, Security, and Commercial Applications to Drive Market Growth


The demand for satellite equipment is fueled by the increasing importance of space-based assets for defense and security purposes. These payloads are used for monitoring, intelligence gathering, and early warning systems. For defense and safety purposes, satellites play a key role in the surveillance and gathering of information.


For instance, in April 2023, in order to increase awareness of the space domain, the U.S. Space Force invested in-ground and subspace-based sensors and surveillance systems as well as data from businesses interested in tracking satellites. To improve the detection, tracking, and identification of objects orbiting the Earth, the military branch's budget for fiscal year 2024 includes USD 584 million for space-tracking activities, such as the development of optical telescopes and surveillance satellites.


Furthermore, the Space Force has asked for funding to support the development of Deep Space Advanced Radar Capability, a planned radar system that will detect enemy threats in geostationary orbit. The budget request for FY 2024 also includes enhancements to the ground-based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance System to detect previously undetectable space threats and collect intelligence to support actionable space domain awareness.


Satellite payloads capable of tracking ballistic missile launches, as well as providing early warning systems, are also recording investments by governments. As they allow for quick responses to missile threats and the protection of territories and populations, these payloads are essential for national security. Such initiatives catalyze the market growth across the globe.


RESTRAINING FACTORS


Slowdown by Malfunctioning of Sensor May Hinder the Market Growth


The success of a space mission may be directly affected by the malfunctioning of payloads. Sensor data are vital for accuracy and reliability in order to make the right decisions during a mission. Sensor failure may result in insufficient data collection, measurement errors, and a more severe decision-making process.


In such situations, leaked information could frustrate the mission's objectives and thwart scientific discoveries or the mission's planned operational objectives. Space-based sensors are exposed to extremely harsh conditions, including intense radiation, vacuum, and temperature fluctuations. These environmental conditions can lead to sensor degradation, premature wear, and even complete failure. These factors are set to hamper the satellite payload market growth.


Ensuring the reliability and durability of satellite sensors is an important task for both space agencies and manufacturers. The results can be disastrous, including data loss, mission failure, and waste of precious resources if sensors fail on a space mission.


For instance, in April 2023, a Japanese company specializing in developing robotic spacecraft and other technology attempted to land a rover and a lander on the surface of the moon; however, it was unsuccessful. The failure was caused by a discrepancy between the altitude information from the lander's sensors and its actual position. Therefore, it had most likely ran out of fuel and fallen straight to the moon's surface.


Satellite Payload Market Segmentation Analysis


By Payload Type Analysis


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Imaging Payload Dominated Owing to Increased Demand for Earth Observation Satellites 


By payload type, the market for satellite payload is segmented into communication, imaging, navigation, and others.


The imaging segment accounted for the largest market share in 2023. Imaging satellites provide high-resolution imageries and accurate measurements of the shape, size, and location of objects in space and on Earth. Such imaging satellites have important applications in geospatial data collection and are expected to dominate this field.


For instance, in March 2023, Capella Space launched its Capella-10 (Whitney 8) satellite, which has the primary purpose of earth observation and radar imaging. The company operates the satellite, which is located in LEO orbit, for this type of imaging.


The communication segment is anticipated to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period of 2024-2032. The communication satellite plays a crucial role in space by transmitting signals around the Earth's axis, enabling communication between widely separated geographical areas. With an increase in space missions, these satellites are expected to record notable demand during the forecast period. For instance, in September 2022, as part of its contract to provide the operator with the satellite, ASTSpaceMobile launched the Bluewalker 3 for AST SpaceMobile, which will allow mobile phones to connect directly to the satellite and work primarily for communication purposes.


By Vehicle Type Analysis 


Medium-to-heavy Segment Dominated Owing to Increased Heavy Payload Satellite Launches by Various Space Agencies


On the basis of vehicle type, the market for satellite payloads is segmented into small and medium-to-heavy.


The medium-to-heavy segment dominated the market in 2023 due to increasing scheduled medium and heavy-weight satellite launches by major public and private satellite operators for numerous applications. For instance, in October 2022, Angosat-2, a medium-heavy satellite, was launched by the ISS Reshetnev into orbit for angoSat. The satellite launch mass for communication applications weighs nearly 2,150 kg.


The small segment is predicted to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period of 2024-2032. There are increasing launches of low-weight satellites, such as those below 500 kg due to the growing number of small satellites used for a wide range of applications, such as earth observation, communications, and scientific research. Satellite constellation projects by SpaceX, Amazon, One Web, and others will boost the growth of this segment.


By Orbit Analysis


LEO Segment Dominated Owing to Increased Satellite Launching Missions in Low Earth Orbit


By orbit, the market is segmented into LEO, GEO, and MEO.


The LEO segment dominated the market in 2023 and is projected to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period. LEO orbit is near to the Earth’s surface. Therefore, satellites can circle the planet less time to provide continuous surveillance over area. The increasing launch of communication, imaging, navigation, and other satellites in LEO by various key market players is anticipated to drive segmental growth during the forecast period.


The GEO segment is anticipated to grow with the second-highest CAGR from 2024-2032. The growth of the segment is due to a rise in the transmission of radio frequency signals from fixed antennas. The GEO satellites allow for the establishment of permanent communication links. Further, growing demand for large satellites in order to cover large surface area is anticipated to foster the growth of the market. For instance, in September 2023, Arianespace signed a contract with Intelsat to launch a small geostationary communication satellite. In the early part of 2026, Intelsat plans to launch a satellite called IS-45. On a more powerful version of Ariane 6, the Ariane 64, the satellite will fly with unnamed passengers.


By Application Analysis


Telecommunication Segment Dominated the Market Owing to Increased Demand for SATCOM


By application, the market for satellite payloads is segmented into weather monitoring, telecommunication, scientific research, surveillance, and others.


The telecommunication segment dominated the market in 2023 and is projected to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period of 2024-2032 owing to the rising demand for space based connectivity. There has been an increase in the launch of communication satellites to provide services such as MSS and VSAT. For instance, in January 2024, the commercial arm of India's space agency, ISRO, announced that a large communications satellite will be launched on a SpaceX Falcon 9 later this year. In the second quarter of 2024, ISRO will send a GSAT 20 communications satellite into orbit.


The weather monitoring segment is anticipated to grow with the second-highest CAGR during the forecast period of 2024-2032. The growth in the segment is due to the increased use of satellites for analyzing climate, monitoring hazards worldwide, and forecasting weather. For instance, in November 2022, NASA successfully launched the third of a series of polar-orbiting weather satellites for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.


By End-Use Analysis


Military Segment Dominated the Market Owing to Increased Satellite Launching Missions for Border Security and Surveillance


By end-use, the market for satellite payloads is segmented as commercial and military.


The military segment dominated the market in 2023. Increasing spending from various defense agencies around the globe in order to strengthen surveillance and geo-mapping activities are some of the key factors contributing toward the market share of this segment in 2023. For instance, in March 2023, the Progress Rocket and Space Center from Russia launched BARS-M4 (Cosmos 2567), a surveillance satellite for the Russian Defense Military. Earth observation and electronic intelligence missions are the primary uses of the satellite.


The commercial segment is estimated to exhibit the highest CAGR from 2024-2032. Increasing demand for telecommunication, navigation, and third-party users for payloads further contributes to the market share of this segment. For instance, in May 2023, India launched and successfully placed a second-generation navigation satellite in orbit. The 2,232 kg NVS-01 satellite is part of India's NavIC satellite navigation system, initially named Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System 'IRNSS', and was carried by a Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). NavIC is India's global GPS positioning system. Such satellites will boost the growth of the commercial segment across emerging nations as well.


REGIONAL INSIGHTS


In terms of geography, the market is divided into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the rest of the world.


North America Satellite Payload Market Size, 2023 (USD Billion)

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North America holds the largest satellite payload market share. The market was valued at USD 4.19 billion in 2023. The regional growth is due to escalation in investment events by government and private players such as SpaceX, Blue Origin, Lockheed Martin Corporation, OneWeb, Sierra Nevada Corporation, The Boeing Company, and others. In addition, the increasing number of launch missions by various research organizations boosts the market growth in the region.


Asia Pacific is anticipated to be the fastest-growing region during the forecast period. The expansion of the region is due to a growing space industry. The main technology economies that invest in space exploration programs and missions are China, Japan, India, Australia, and others. These countries are focusing on adopting new and advanced satellite technologies, satellite constellations, and others. For instance, in January 2023, Australian space company Equatorial Launch Australia announced a goal to ensure a space launch from Arnhem Land.


The Europe market for satellite payloads will experience substantial growth during the forecast period. The growing demand for small advanced satellites is a driver of growth in this region. For instance, in January 2022, a commercial satellite, Menut, was launched a satellite by Open Cosmos with a primary application that includes earth observation. The satellite will use optical/infrared imaging payload capabilities for various applications under earth observations. These important developments are driving the payloads market in this region.


The rest of the world includes the Middle East & Africa and Latin America. During the study period, growth in the Middle East and Africa will be moderate. The growth of the region is due to the increased focus of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates on the development of the space sector and the launch of ambitious space programs.


The countries across Latin America are primarily focusing on space services and space-related equipment. The market growth in the region is expected to be driven by an increase in contracts for space launches in Brazil, Argentina, and Colombia. For instance, in September 2022, Satellogic signed a three-year contract with the Government of Albania to provide Albania with a dedicated satellite, a unique program based on Satellogic's Constellation as a ServiceCaaS model, which provides Albania with access to two new satellites, Albania-1(NuSat-32) and Albania-2(NuSat-32).


List of Key Companies in Satellite Payload Market


Leading Players Focus on Technological Advancements in Satellite Payload for Various Applications


The global market is relatively consolidated with key players being SpaceX, Airbus S.A.S., Maxar Technologies, Northrop Grumman Corporation, and others. To increase their market share and sustain competition in the market, key players are focusing on technological developments, product innovations, and mergers & acquisitions. For different end users, such as the military, commercial, and public sectors, significant investments have been made in the research and development of satellite payloads. For instance, in May 2023, Viasat completed the acquisition of Britain's Inmarsat, merging two of the largest satellite operators in geosynchronous orbit. In addition, in March 2023, Luxembourg SES has publicly acknowledged its interest in merging with U.S. based Intelsat and Luxembourg's own INTELSAT.


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KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • December 2023 - Thales Alenia Space, a joint venture between Thales and Leonardo, selected the U.K.’s National Satellite Test Facility (NSTF) at RAL Space in Oxfordshire for the first comprehensive assembly, integration, and test campaign of the European Space Agency’s FLEX (Fluorescence Explorer) satellite. To better understand the health and productivity of Earth's vegetation on a global scale, the FLEX satellite will be used to map soil chlorophyll fluorescence.

  • November 2023 - SNC successfully launched the Vindlér satellite constellation. SNC’s Vindlér has been designed to detect and geo-locate specific objects from low-Earth orbit (LEO) based on targeted radio frequency (RF) emissions ranging from VHF to L-band. This state-of-the-art constellation, addressing many of today's pressing geolocation problems, is bringing the most accurate RFoftheart to the commercial market. The first four 6U cubesats have been launched and are currently in orbit, as planned.

  • July 2023 - India launched a satellite for Singapore with the synthetic Aperture Radar's SAR payload, which is capable of capturing images under any weather conditions. The DS SAR satellite is developed under a partnership between Singapore's Defense Science and Technology Agency (DSTA) (representing the Government of Singapore) and Singapore Technologies Engineering Ltd (ST Engineering), a global technology, defense, and engineering company.

  • April 2023- Boeing unveiled its Protected Wideband Satellite (PWS) design featuring Boeing’s Protected Tactical SATCOM Prototype (PTS P) payload hosted aboard the U.S. Space Force’s Wideband Global SATCOM (WGS) 11 spacecraft. The program is scheduled to be launched in 2024 and will carry out orbit tests starting in 2025. The PTSP payload will be available for transition to operational use following the on-orbit demonstration.

  • February 2023 - In order to bring the internet to the hardest to reach places in the U.S. and abroad, SpaceX shared plans to rapidly deploy satellites. Nearly 4,000 satellites have been launched by SpaceX, which provide high-speed internet to more than one million locations worldwide, most of which are households.


REPORT COVERAGE


An Infographic Representation of Satellite Payload Market

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The report provides an in-depth market analysis. It comprises all major aspects, such as R&D capabilities, supply chain management, competitive landscape, and optimization of the manufacturing capabilities and operating services. Moreover, the report offers insights into the global satellite payload market trends, growth analysis, and size and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the above-mentioned factors, it mainly focuses on several factors that have contributed to the growth of the global market in recent years.


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Report Scope & Segmentation

























































ATTRIBUTE



DETAILS



Study Period



2019-2032



Base Year



2023



Estimated Year



2023



Forecast Period



2024-2032



Historical Period



2019-2022



Growth Rate



CAGR of 5.2% from 2024 to 2032



Unit



Value (USD Billion)



 


Segmentation



By Payload Type



  • Communication

  • Imaging

  • Navigation

  • Others



By Vehicle Type



  • Small

  • Medium-to-heavy



By Orbit



  • LEO

  • GEO

  • MEO



By Application



  • Weather Monitoring

  • Telecommunication

  • Scientific Research

  • Surveillance

  • Others



By End-Use



  • Commercial

  • Military



By Geography



  • North America (By Payload Type, By Vehicle Type, By Orbit, By Application, By End-Use, and By Country)


    • U.S. (By Payload  Type)

    • Canada (By Payload Type)


  • Europe (By Payload Type, By Vehicle Type, By Orbit, By Application, By End-Use, and By Country)


    • U.K. (By Payload Type)

    • Germany (By Payload  Type)

    • France (By Payload Type)

    • Italy (By Payload Type)

    • Rest of Europe (By Payload Type)


  • Asia Pacific (By Payload Type, By Vehicle Type, By Orbit, By Application, By End-Use, and By Country)


    • Japan (By Payload  Type)

    • China (By Payload  Type)

    • India (By Payload  Type)

    • Australia (By Payload  Type)

    • Rest of Asia Pacific (By Payload  Type)


  • Rest of the World (By Payload Type, By Vehicle Type, By Orbit, By Application, By End-Use, and By Sub-Region)


    • Latin America (By Payload Type)


  • Middle East & Africa (By Payload Type)






Frequently Asked Questions

As per a study by Fortune Business Insights, the market size was USD 9.25 billion in 2023.

The market is likely to grow at a CAGR of 5.2% over the forecast period (2024-2032).

The telecommunication segment led the market.

The market size in North America stood at USD 4.19 billion in 2023.

Expanding satellite constellations is one of the key factors anticipated to drive the global market growth.

Some of the top players in the market are SpaceX, Airbus, Lockheed Martin Corporation, L3 Harris Technologies Inc, and Sierra Nevada Corporation.

Malfunctioning issues and the high cost of sensors are expected to hinder market growth.

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