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The global spinal cord stimulation market size was USD 2.88 billion in 2019. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with spinal cord stimulation witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global SCS market will exhibit a huge decline of -16.3% in 2020. The market is projected to grow from USD 2.41 billion in 2020 to USD 4.12 billion in 2027 at a CAGR of 8.0% in the 2020-2027 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
Neuromodulation is an emerging therapy involving targeted delivery of electromagnetic or chemical stimulation to a specific neurological area in the body. One of the neuromodulation techniques is spinal cord stimulation, which consists of delivering electrical stimuli to the spinal cord resulting in masking of pain. SCS is receiving increased worldwide attention, which can be attributable to the technological advancement, emerging government guidelines for SCS procedures, and rapid adoption of minimally invasive therapies.
Apart from this, the increasing number of SCS implantations is propelling the market. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, around 50 million adults in the U.S. are estimated to suffer from chronic pain that provides a massive opportunity for the SCS market. Growing attention towards spinal cord stimulators, as they reduce the intake of opioids and other pain-relieving drugs is boosting the market during the forecast period.
Postponement of Non-compulsory Surgeries to Negatively Impact Market During COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted the healthcare environment. From ICUs to the general ward, the hospitals are flooded with patients increasing the burden on healthcare providers and resources. Hence, in order to re-allocate the healthcare resources for the management of COVID-19 patients, the government decided to postpone all the elective and non-urgent surgeries. According to COVIDSurg, around 28.4 million surgeries were canceled or postponed during the peak of 12 weeks of disruption due to COVID‐19.
Surgical procedures were classified from 1, which stood for emergency procedures such as heart transplants, to 5, which stood for truly elective procedures such as cataract surgeries. With the spinal cord stimulation procedures being classified as level 5 procedures, many implantations got deferred, in-turn declining the demand for stimulators.
The impact of the pandemic on the SCS market was evident from the performance of the major companies operating in this market. For instance
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Shift towards Non-opioid Alternative Therapies to Drive Market Growth
Opioids belong to the class of narcotic pain medication and hence are associated with serious side-effects. Heavy reliance on opioid painkillers in managing chronic pain has led to the dangerous trend of addiction among patients
Owing to these factors, the government in the U.S., Europe, and others has increased its efforts to reduce the dependence on opioids. This has resulted in a gradual shift towards non-opioid alternative therapies and rising demand for spinal cord stimulation devices. For instance, in 2018, the FDA received over 200 submissions from companies seeking a speedy approval process for devices that can be used in place of opioids for pain management. Hence, medical device companies such as Medtronic, Abbott, and Boston Scientific are continuously researching to introduce new products and utilize this opportunity.
Technological Advancements in the Spinal Cord Stimulators to Favor Growth
The manufacturers have increased their research activities to minimize the size of the spinal cord stimulators. For example, the Freedom SCS system manufactured by Stimwave LCC is around 5% of the size of the current Implantable Pulse Generators (IPG) available in the market. This, combined with advancements in impulse generation, is driving the spinal cord stimulation market growth. The U.S. based company, Stimgenics, developed a novel SCS waveform called Differential Target Multiplexed (DTM) SCS. The company was acquired by Medtronic in January 2020. Results from a study comparing the Differential Target Multiplexed (DTM) SCS to conventional ones showed significant pain relief.
Another notable technology being used to generate the impulse is HF10 therapy, which has proved to be more effective than the traditional spinal cord stimulation therapies. Apart from this, the presence of platforms such as WaveCrest and Intellis that can be wirelessly connected with smartphones and tablets for adjusting the dosage settings is favoring the adoption of SCS.
Emerging Government Guidelines for SCS to Boost the Market
The emergence of guidelines for spinal cord stimulation therapy is one of the primary reasons for the growth of the market. Various government associations are developing guidelines for this therapy for the treatment of chronic pain and other disease indications. In January 2019, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence published guidelines and recommendations for the Senza SCS system, which delivers HF10 therapy to treat patients having neuropathic pain. Such positive recommendations by government associations are likely to boost the market.
High Cost of Trials and Implantation Procedures to Hinder Growth
The average cost of implanting spinal cord stimulators in the U.S. ranges from USD 21,000 to USD 58,000. The cost of the procedure also depends on whether the patient is covered by private health insurance, public health insurance, or paying out-of-pocket. Apart from this, the patient also needs to pay annual maintenance costs, including the cost of the hardware, fees of healthcare personnel, replacement of pulse generators, hospitalization, etc.
The annual maintenance cost is in the range of USD 5,000 to USD 21,000, depending on complications. The majority of health insurance plans require the patient to undergo trials to check if spinal cord stimulation is a good treatment option, which can cost around USD 8,000 before covering the cost of the implantation procedure. Thus, the high cost of the SCS implant is expected to hinder the market growth.
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Failed Back Surgery Syndrome Segment to Dominate the Market
Based on disease indication, the market is segmented into failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS), degenerative disk disease, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), arachnoiditis, and others. The FBSS segment dominated the market in 2019, owing to the rising number of spinal surgeries. In 2017, Medtronic conducted a study from data collected from seventy-nine centers in North America, Europe, and South America. According to that study, out of 4,867 total SCS patients enrolled, 44.6% were implanted for the treatment of failed back pain. This is likely to favor the growth of the FBS segment.
Arachnoiditis is a rare disease and accounts for about 25,000 cases each year globally. As the disease does not have any specific treatment, SCS is available as an effective option for the management of the disease, in-turn favoring the segment growth. Increasing demand for minimally invasive surgeries and growing preference for SCS are prominent reasons responsible for the expansion of the CRPS and other segments.
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Degenerative Disk Disease (DDD) segment, on the other hand, is anticipated to showcase lucrative growth during the forecast period. High growth is attributable to the rising prevalence of DDD and the increasing geriatric population.
Rechargeable Segment held the Maximum Portion of the Market
Based on product, the market is categorized into rechargeable and non-rechargeable. The rechargeable segment dominated the market in 2019 and is projected to witness remarkable growth during the forecast period. This can be attributable to the significant cost-saving with the use of rechargeable stimulators when compared to non-rechargeable ones.
Based on a study, the rechargeable spinal cord stimulator can save up to USD 100,000 over a patient’s lifetime compared to a non-rechargeable device. The other advantage of a rechargeable device is that it requires fewer surgeries and reduces patient discomfort and complications. These key factors are estimated to foster the segment’s growth.
The non-rechargeable segment is anticipated to grow owing to the rising prevalence of chronic back pain and the increasing number of failed back surgeries. Apart from this, increased efforts to increase the battery life of non-rechargeable stimulators are expected to drive the segment’s growth. For instance, in September 2019, Abbott announced the launch of the Proclaim XR recharge-free SCS system, which can last up to 10 years.
Rising number of SCS Implantations to Render Leading Position to the Hospitals Segment
In terms of end-user, the market can be bifurcated into hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, and specialty clinics.
Hospitals accounted for more than half of the market in 2019 and are expected to dominate the market throughout the forecast period. SCS being a surgical procedure is predominantly done in hospitals, which is an important factor driving the growth of the hospital segment. Furthermore, favorable health reimbursement policies and increasing patient pool are likely to surge the segment growth
The ambulatory surgical centers' segment is expected to grow owing to the increasing number of minimally invasive surgeries being performed in ASCs. The rising prevalence of DDD and failed back syndrome and growing efforts of manufacturers to increase the penetration of SCS among patients in the U.S. are factors contributing to the expansion of the specialty clinics segment.
North America Spinal Cord Stimulation Market Size, 2016-2027 (USD billion)
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The market size in North America stood at USD 2.13 billion in 2019. Emerging government guidelines and favorable health reimbursement are the factors responsible for the expansion of the market in North America. Furthermore, the strategic presence of key players in the U.S. and new product launches are propelling the market in North America.
Europe is anticipated to be the second most prominent region in terms of revenue in 2019. The launch of Spectra WaveWriter spinal cord stimulator system by Boston Scientific in January 2019 is poised to surge the growth of the market in Europe. Besides, the rising prevalence of degenerative disc diseases and chronic pain is anticipated to boost the market in Europe.
Asia Pacific is projected to register the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The region is anticipated to grow owing to the rapid adoption of neuromodulation therapies and the high presence of the geriatric population in this region. The rest of the world, which includes the Middle East & Africa and Latin America, and others, holds huge growth potentials and is anticipated to emerge as a lucrative segment. The rising prevalence of chronic back pain and rising demand for minimally invasive therapies are factors contributing to the expansion of the market in the rest of the world.
High Preference for Medtronic’s SCS Products to Render it a Leading Position
In terms of market revenue, Medtronic dominated the market owing to the company’s strong focus on R&D as well as key acquisitions that will assist it in developing innovative devices to manage chronic pain. Spinal cord stimulators offered by the company have long battery life, easy to use with better clinical outcomes, and good customer support services, and hence are having a high preference among healthcare providers.
On the other hand, Boston Scientific and Abbott are in close competition. In January 2017, Abbott completed the acquisition of St. Jude Medical, Inc., which marketed its entry into the SCS market. However, new players such as Nevro Corp, with its proprietary HF10 therapy are also witnessing remarkable growth in the market and are anticipated to give tough competition to established players.
An Infographic Representation of Spinal Cord Stimulation Market
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The spinal cord stimulation market research report offers an in-depth analysis of the market. It further provides details on the adoption of SCS across several regions. Information on trends, drivers, market opportunities, threats, and restraints of the market can further help stakeholders to gain valuable insights into the market. The report offers a detailed competitive landscape by presenting information on key players, along with their strategies, in the market.
Value (USD Billion)
By Disease Indication
By End User
The value of the global market was USD 2.88 billion in 2019.
Fortune Business Insights says that the market is projected to reach USD 4.12 billion by 2027.
The value of the market in North America was USD 2.13 billion in 2019.
The market is projected to rise at a CAGR of 8.0% during the forecast period (2020-2027).
The Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) is the leading segment in this market.
The technological advancements in spinal cord stimulators and emerging government guidelines for SCS are the key factors driving the global market.
Medtronic, Boston Scientific Corporation, and Abbott are the top players in the global market.
North America is expected to hold the highest market share.
The shift towards non-opioids alternative therapies is a key trend in the market.
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