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Nitric Acid Market Size, Share & Industry Impact Analysis, By Application (Fertilizers, Nitrobenzene, Adipic Acid, Toluene Di-isocyanate, and Others) and Regional Forecast, 2024-2032

Last Updated: July 01, 2024 | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI104566



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The global nitric acid market size was valued at USD 23.73 billion in 2023 and is projected to grow from USD 24.56 billion in 2024 to USD 32.64 billion by 2032, exhibiting a CAGR of 3.6% during the forecast period. Asia Pacific dominated the nitric acid market with a market share of 51.45% in 2023.

Nitric acid (HNO3), also known as aqua fortis, is a colorless compound that turns yellow over a period of time due to the decomposition of nitrogen and water into oxides. The compound is highly corrosive in nature and has major applications in the production of ammonium nitrate and other chemicals for formulating fertilizers. The compound has other applications that produce chemicals such as nitrobenzene, adipic acid, and chloronitrobenzene. These chemicals are further used in various end-use industries such as plastics, automotive, and construction. The rising automotive industry in developing regions has led to high product consumption, which can be associated with population growth and consumer demand, thus supporting growth of the market. Moreover, rising demand for plastics in industrial and consumer applications further supports the market's development.

The coronavirus pandemic significantly affected many end-use industries, causing a temporary halt in manufacturing and trade activities. The pandemic also led to a decline in the economy due to the receding demand and lowered manufacturing, which, in turn, led to disruptions in the supply chain. The global lockdown also significantly impacted trading activities, which caused a further decline in raw material availability and the increased price of finished goods. The temporary shutdown of manufacturing units across end-use industries such as automobiles led to the reduced product demand. This decreased demand affected the overall growth of the market. However, the market is expected to stabilize gradually due to the rising plastic applications in the medical industry. The escalating demand for PPE kits has led to high manufacturing of plastics, which propels the market growth.

Nitric Acid Market Trends

High Demand for Lightweight Automobiles to Create Several Growth Opportunities for Market

The increasing demand from consumers for lightweight vehicles has led manufacturers turning toward innovation and advancement in the automotive industry, thus creating high consumption opportunities for HNO3 that positively affect the market. The product is used for formulating adipic acid, which is further used for making nylon. The product manufacturers are shifting to polymer composites, such as nylon, for vehicle weight reduction and improving fuel capacity. Moreover, high consumer demand for individual vehicles and an ever-increasing population have contributed significantly to the production of lightweight vehicles. Governmental regulations to curb CO2 emission have pushed chemical manufacturers to utilize advanced technologies in producing fuel-efficient and cost-effective automobile solutions. This rising trend for lightweight automobiles is propelling the market.

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Nitric Acid Market Growth Factors

Increasing Demand from Various End-use Industries such as Agriculture and Construction to Aid Market Growth

Nitric acid has significant applications in the agriculture industry, where it is used for the manufacturing of fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate, calcium ammonium nitrate, and nitro phosphate. Fertilizers are used to increase crop yield to fulfill the growing food demand from the rising population. Moreover, the growing disposable income of consumers has further led to high demand for organic and quality food, thus leading to the use of bio-based fertilizers and supporting market growth.

The rising construction activities also boost the market growth as Toluene di-isocyanate (TDI) and HNO3 intermediate are used in manufacturing polyurethane foams, wood & floor coatings, and insulation materials. In addition, improving consumers' lifestyles and increasing renovation activities and new governmental infrastructure projects act as driving factors for the nitric acid market growth. Furthermore, the product used for dye manufacturing is also a driving factor for market growth. Growth in the fashion industry can be associated with high demand for dye in the textile industry.

Increasing Product Demand to Produce Raw Materials for Polymers to Drive Market Growth

The increasing population and completion of the product cycle such as tooth-brushes, wear pads, gloves, fishing lines, tents, and other plastic consumer products increases the plastic demand. Nylon 6 is the polymer that can be used in these applications owing to its versatile properties. The polymer offers great thermal stability, enhanced flame resistance, and a high melting point ranging from 210-220 degree Celsius. Nitric acid is the chemical used for the production of adipic acid that is further utilized to formulate the Nylon 6. The nitric acid completes the synthesis in two steps, increasing the production rate of adipic acid. Thus, the increasing demand for Nylon 6 and the use of adipic acid in its formulation drives the product demand.


Strict Governmental Regulations for Products Owing to their Corrosive Nature to Hinder Market Growth

Nitric acid is released from chemical manufacturing plants, exhaust fumes from vehicles, and polluted wastewater from farming areas. This environmental pollution leads to respiratory problems when inhaled. Governmental regulations for environmental protection and reduced industrial waste are restraining factors for market growth. Moreover, rising concerns over CO2 emissions from vehicles are further restraining the market.

Nitric Acid Market Segmentation Analysis

By Application Analysis

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Fertilizers Segment to Dominate Market Due to the Growth of Agriculture Industry

Based on application, the market is segmented into fertilizers, nitrobenzene, adipic acid, toluene di-isocyanate, and others. The fertilizers segment accounted for the highest nitric acid market share due to the rising agricultural activities to fulfill the growing population demand. Nitric acid is used to manufacture fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate and calcium ammonium nitrate, which provide extensive and quality crop yields. The growing need for nitrogen-based fertilizers over the years is driving market growth.

The adipic acid segment is expected to experience significant growth during the forecast period due to the increasing demand for lightweight vehicles. Adipic acid produced from nitric acid is used to manufacture nylons and other resins. Nylons polymer composites are used for automobile components manufacturing to decrease the vehicle's overall weight and make it fuel-efficient. Increasing demand for automobiles from developing regions is a driving factor toward market growth.


Asia Pacific Nitric Acid Market Size, 2023 (USD Billion)

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The market size in Asia Pacific stood at USD 12.21 billion in 2023. The growth is attributed to increasing product demand from various end-use industries, including automobile, agriculture, and construction. The economic development and growing population within India, China, and Japan create a significant demand in the agriculture industry. China dominated the Asia Pacific region due to rapid population growth, rising infrastructure projects, and increase in middle-class income causing high nitric acid consumption.

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North America is estimated to have a significant share of the global market; this can be associated with rapid technological advancement and high disposable income of the region's consumers. The growing demand for lightweight and fuel-efficient automobiles and increasing new construction and renovation activities lead to market growth. This, along with the growing fashion industry in the region, is further surging the demand for nitric acid.

Europe is expected to show substantial market growth during the forecast period. This growth can be attributed to consumers' growing demand for fuel-efficient and eco-friendly lightweight automobiles. Growing awareness regarding environmental protection is the driving force for increasing fuel-efficient features and lightweight materials, such as polymer composites for making automobiles, thus creating further market opportunities. Germany is one of the major countries for automotive manufacturing, supported by high economic growth and technological advancement in providing fuel-efficient solutions for lightweight automobiles.

Latin America and the Middle East & Africa are expected to grow gradually during the forecast period. In Latin America, Brazil is a major country for product consumption and is expected to show rapid market growth due to increasing food demand. Moreover, the usage of advanced technologies for applications in the construction industry has led toward further market development. Furthermore, the Middle East & Africa is a central mining hub; thus, raw materials are easily available at lower costs for the manufacturers in the region, thereby providing low production costs. Moreover, the growing economy within the region leads to improved lifestyles among consumers, leading to high demand for quality organic food. This demand for food is further aiding the market growth.

List of Key Companies in Nitric Acid Market

Leading Companies Focus on Sustainable Organic Growth to Brighten their Market Prospects

Key players operating in the industry are BASF, Nutrien, DuPont, and CF Industries Holdings, Inc. Companies profiled are involved in capacity improvement, product innovation, acquisition, mergers, and collaboration to have a competitive edge in the global market. For example, in 2018, Trammo Inc. acquired Agrium’s North Bend, HNO3 production and distribution facility. The company specializes in the manufacturing and distributing of nitrogen-based industrial and agricultural products. The facility is located on 88 acres of land with a production capacity of 75 KT annually.

List of the Key Companies Profiled:


  • January 2023- Grupa Azoty doubled its nitric acid production capacity with the launch of a new facility in Tarnów. This new production facility will increase the company’s capacity to 40,000 tons annually and will expand the manufacturing line for above 98% concentrated nitric acid.

  • July 2022- Nutrien Ag Solutions made an agreement for the acquisition of Casa do Adubo S.A., a Brazil-based company. This acquisition will include 39 retail locations and 10 distribution centers of the brand Casa do Adubo and Agrodistribuidor Casal, respectively. The agreement supports Nutrien’s Retail growth strategy in Brazil and is expected to increase its sales by USD 400 million.

  • June 2022- Nutrien Ag Solutions is increasing its fertilizer production capability. This move will enable the company to respond to changes in global energy, agriculture, and fertilizer markets.

  • June 2022- Omnia Holdings Limited will expand its international agriculture and mining portfolio in Canada, Australia, and Indonesia. The demand for mining solutions and greener inputs is rising in these countries.

  • April 2022 - BASF and SINOPEC started expansion of the Verbund site operated by BASF-YPC Co., Ltd. (BASF-YPC), a 50-50 joint venture of both companies located in Nanjing. The expansion will include setting up of new capacities for downstream chemical plants and a new plant for tert-butyl acrylate to serve the increasing demand from several industries in China.


The global nitric acid market research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, technologies, and leading application areas. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.

An Infographic Representation of Nitric Acid Market

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Report Scope & Segmentation



Study Period


Base Year


Estimated Year


Forecast Period


Historical Period


Growth Rate

CAGR of 3.6% from 2024 to 2032


Value (USD Billion) and Volume (Million Ton)


By Application

  • Fertilizers

  • Nitrobenzene

  • Adipic Acid

  • Toluene Di-isocyanate

  • Others

By Geography

  • North America (By Application, By Country)

    • U.S. (By Application)

    • Canada (By Application)

  • Europe (By Application, By Country)

    • France (By Application)

    • Germany (By Application)

    • U.K. (By Application)

    • Italy (By Application)

    • Spain (By Application)

    • Poland (By Application)

    • Rest of Europe (By Application)

  • Asia Pacific (By Application, By Country)

    • China (By Application)

    • India (By Application)

    • Japan (By Application)

    • South Korea (By Application)

    • Rest of Asia Pacific (By Application)

  • Latin America (By Application, By Country)

    • Brazil (By Application)

    • Rest of Latin America (By Application)

  • Middle East & Africa (By Application, By Country)

    • South Africa (By Application)

    • Rest of Middle East & Africa (By Application)

Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size stood at USD 23.73 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 32.64 billion by 2032.

Growing at a CAGR of 3.6%, the market will exhibit significant growth during the forecast period.

The fertilizers segment dominated the market in 2023.

Increasing demand from the automotive and agricultural industries is a key factor driving the market growth.

BASF, Nutrien, DuPont, and CF Industries Holdings, Inc. are the prominent players in the global market.

Asia Pacific held the dominant share of the global market in 2023.

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