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The global self-healing materials market size was USD 1.29 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow from USD 2.10 billion in 2021 to USD 62.66 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 62.5% during the 2021-2028 period. The sudden decline in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with products witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of 4.9% in 2020.
Extensive use of the product in the building & infrastructure industry is a major growth factor in the market. The increased use of composites in the automobile industry is also contributing to market growth. In addition, the rising demand for the wind energy industry is pushing the need for the product. FRP composites are used in wind turbines, making the blades heavier with excellent fatigue and corrosion.
Closures of Various End-user Industries to Hamper Market Growth amid COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 has had a major effect on the logistics and manufacturing industries, which has hampered the market. The COVID-19 pandemic had a major impact on the globally intertwined automobile industry. The effect on the market includes halting Chinese exports, especially plastics & coating raw materials, widespread commodity destruction throughout Europe, and the closure of manufacturing plants in the U.S. Despite this, China is responsible for more than 80% of the global automotive supply chain. Car rates in China plummeted by 18% in January 2020.
Sales could drop by 40% or more in 2020, according to the China Passenger Car Association (CPCA), compared to the initial two months of sales last year. Production shortfalls resulting from supply chain interruptions in China will have a substantial impact on global auto production. Warehouse closures, supply chain disruptions, and declining demand have all taken a significant toll. As a result, some car dealerships closed indefinitely, causing the market for floor plan lending to fall. Ford, Honda, General Motors, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and Tesla are among the companies with temporarily halted manufacturing.
The consumer goods segment experienced a mixed impact of the global pandemic in 2020. The supply chain disruption caused severe drops in sales of consumer goods but comparatively lesser effects on certain sectors like food & beverages, packaging, and consumer electronics. However, limited cash flow, adaptation to the new online and digital-first strategies, supply chain management, and inventory management have been tough challenges for manufacturers and suppliers. The companies are focused on preparing and implementing new strategies to adapt to the new normal and build a new supply chain strategy that shall support sales and growth in such challenging times.
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Continuous Expansion of the Wind Power Industry to be a Prominent Trend
The wind power industry is one of the rapidly growing composite application industries, where reinforcing fibers are used in light rotor blade manufacturing. A fundamental feature of the design of wind blades is choosing suitable materials, which can affect many parameters such as weight, load & fatigue behavior, physical properties, etc. Materials such as bamboo, steel, and aluminum were used to manufacture wind blades many years earlier. In a cost-driven market, the wind industry relies on bottom-line prices and how to do more but pay less. Composite components allow high strength at a low weight, meaning that more extended and more powerful rotor blades can be generated cost-effectively for more giant wind turbines.
The primary construction material used in the manufacture of wind turbine blades is glass. Wind turbines are primarily made of steel (71-79 percent of total turbine mass), resin, or plastic (11-16 percent), iron or cast iron (5-17 percent), copper (1 percent), and aluminum (0-2 percent), as per the study conducted by National Renewable Energy Laboratory. In many wind applications, composites, such as FRP, are used as reinforcement materials. Their elevated strength and rigidity characteristics make them ideal turbine components combined with their low weight and design versatility. In composites, these materials have proved to be one of the most flexible materials to use. Ultimately, the ability to mold this fiber into complicated forms enables the blade maker to provide various alternatives to any particular concern.
Growth in the Global Construction Industry to Offer Opportunities to the Self-Healing Materials Market
Concrete is a conventional material used for building and construction activities. It is widely used in constructing infrastructures like dams, ports, storage tanks, roads, tunnels, subways, and others. Despite being strong and durable, it has a high tendency to form cracks, allowing various unwanted aggressive chemicals and other materials to seep in. These cracks and the deposition of chemicals into cracks cause deterioration of the infrastructure and reduce the same durability. Active treatment techniques like self-healing techniques are operated to treat such damages.
Self-healing techniques have the ability to immediately repair the cracks as the self-healing mechanism allows rapid treatment. Due to the shortcomings of the existing treatments, alternative and innovative treatment methods like self-healing and encapsulation of polymeric materials are high in demand. Adoption of such advanced technologies shall fuel market growth over the forecast period.
Increasing constructional activities of public and private infrastructure in a rising economy such as India is one of the key driving factors. Government initiatives like the Make in India campaign further support the domestic manufacturing processes, enabling easy access to raw materials required in the construction industry. The product has various uses due to its strength and longer lifespan in infrastructure, which would profit the construction industry. Moreover, increasing adoption of CMCs, composites, and polymer-based materials in construction shall drive the market further.
Awareness Regarding Rapid Healing Time to Fuel Demand for Self-healing Materials
There has been a significant development in self-healing technologies over the last few decades. Various R&D experts in science & material engineering have been continuously involved in developing self-healing polymeric materials.
Self-conductive materials are electronic or bioelectric materials that are manufactured by integrating reversible bonds into the conductive type of polymers by implementing conductive fillers in self-healing polymers. NASA has used various self-healing systems for wiring structures and aeronautical engineering, which further resulted in excellent results without scars post healing. The average healing time for self-healing systems has been reported to be 15-20 seconds. NASA has even developed certain materials with even more rapid healing time, by exploiting the viscoelastic properties of materials at high temperatures for aerospace, rotorcraft, aircraft, and bulletproof applications in the defense sector. This is expected to boost the market growth.
Limited Self-Healing Mechanism May Hinder Market Growth
These materials employ a self-healing mechanism that is limited by design. The encapsulated healing agents are microscopic and thus prevent the compromising of the overall reliability of the material. The tiny size of the capsule limits the amount of healing agents in the materials. This ultimately constraints the amount of damage the healing agent can repair.
High elastic polymers, regardless of having high elasticity, cannot withstand pressure at times. Microcapsules are similar to high-elastic polymers and cannot withstand much external force. The limited microcapsule holding capacity of materials coupled with the irreversible process of capsules rupture is expected to limit the ability to repair the material. This shortcoming of the product is expected to limit the market growth.
Intrinsic Segment to Generate High Revenue due to Tremendous Growth in Various End-use Industries
The market by form is segmented into intrinsic, and extrinsic. The intrinsic segment held the major self-healing materials market share of the market and is likely to continue this trend during the forecast period. Intrinsic systems or materials have the innate ability to restore the integrity of the material after damage.
These materials also need an external factor to stimulate the healing process. For example, reversible healing polymers Diels Alder and Retro Diels Alder are exceptional due to its thermal reversibility. The functional groups of furan and maleimide construct the polymer undergoing DA reaction. Upon heating, it breaks down to its component units through Retro DA and reforms the polymer on cooling.
Polymer Segment to Lead Backed by Increased Demand.
Based on the product, the market is segmented into polymer, concrete, metal, coating, ceramic, asphalt, and fiber-reinforced composites. The polymer segment held the prime share of the market in 2020. Increasing demand attributed to the increasing adoption of polymers like polyurethane, cross-linked polymers, vitrimers, and multifunctional polymers owing to the exceptional properties like thermal stability, durability, resistance to abrasion, thermodynamical stability, and abrasion resistance shall drive the growth.
Self-healing ceramic composites are being widely used in jet engines, aircraft, and other aerospace applications attributed to their high thermal resistance. Their ability to repair the damage that may have occurred during flight can aid the lifetime of the components. The self-healing conductive materials are also employed in aerospace applications. For instance, the wiring systems of space shuttles of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 2017 were based on the novel low melting polyimide film matrix.
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Transportation Segment to Hold a Significant Share due to Stringent Government Regulations
Based on the end-use industry, the market is segmented into transportation, consumer goods, building construction, energy generation, healthcare, and others. Transportation constituted the primary share in terms of volume, owing to the high demand for materials that maintain the structural integrity of vehicles. Increasing the adoption of such self-healing materials that reduce the vehicle's maintenance cost is expected to witness segment growth. For example, in 2017 Lamborghini's partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) announced the concept of developing a self-healing car under the name Terzo Millennio.
Consumer goods are one of the prime segments contributing to market growth. The growing population, coupled with increasing expenditure on lifestyle, has increased the demand for polymer-based consumer products across the globe. Another key driver for market growth is the increasing infrastructural activities in emerging economies, coupled with the increased use of composites, polymers, and other advanced materials instead of conventional concrete. The microbial self-healing properties of the materials are distinguished due to the durability, rapid crack-repair ability, and environment-friendly nature shall create market opportunities.
Europe Self-Healing Materials Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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The market size in Europe stood at USD 0.43 billion in 2020 growing at a considerable growth rate. Rising demand in the transportation industry is expected to boost the market. The increasing use of self-healing materials attributed to incomparable properties like durability, thermal stability, abrasion resistance, stiffness, strength, and others shall foster market growth. Moreover, the ample number of manufacturers present in countries like Germany, France, Russia, and the UK shall drive regional growth.
The mounting construction sector in North America is expected to drive the market. In the building & construction industries adoption of green technologies and environment-friendly construction materials is anticipated to positively impact the market growth. Additionally, increasing demand for polymer-based self-healing materials from the aerospace and defense sector of the U.S is a key factor driving the market.
The consumer goods industry is in a developing phase in Asia and is supported by growing demand from the South-Asian population. The high demand for consumer goods, including consumer electronics and wearables, will boost self-healing materials. Increasing expenditure on lifestyle and premium quality products like electronic wearables is one prime reason supporting the growth. Increasing R&D on self-healing batteries and devices, and corrosion-resistant materials for marine and oil & gas application areas in the region is anticipated to fuel the market growth.
The Middle East and Africa are expected to exhibit moderate growth. Wind energy is one of the significant sources of energy in South Africa. Attributed to the high strength, durability, and mechanical stability of composites, they are highly employed in the manufacturing of wind blades. Recently in 2018, the wind power construction activity in Africa was estimated to peak at 1 GW of capacity in 2020 and 2021. Increasing construction of such wind turbines using composites shall boost the market growth.
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The key factor driving the market in Latin America is the increase in oil disposal and mining activities by private as well as public organizations. Increasing the use of polymer and fiber-reinforced composites in pipes and storage facilities of oil and gas shall further drive the market.
Key Companies to Conduct Research and Development Activities to Increase Their Market Presence
The competitive landscape of the market comprises several global as well as regional players. Market-based companies are seen to concentrate on maintaining product distinction, leading to strong investments in R&D operations. To draw the buyers and succeed in the market, local manufacturers gradually embrace the latest technologies in their brands. To gain an advantage over their peers, manufacturers are seen concentrating on improving product quality and building up strong production and export networks. Some of the key players operating in the global market are Acciona S.A., AkzoNobel N.V., Arkema SA, BASF SE, Covestro AG, Du Pont, Evonik Industries, and others.
An Infographic Representation of Self Healing Materials Market
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The self-healing materials market research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on crucial aspects such as leading companies, products, and financial performances. Along with that, the report also offers key insights into the market trends analysis and highlights major industry developments. In addition to the factors mentioned above, the report encompasses various factors contributing to the market's growth in recent years. This study also includes historical data & forecasts revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and analyzes the industry's latest market dynamics and opportunities.
Value (USD Billion)
By Form; By Product; By End-use Industry; and By Region
By End-use Industry
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 1.29 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 62.66 billion by 2028.
In 2020, the Europe market size stood at USD 0.43 billion.
Registering a CAGR of 62.5%, the market will exhibit steady growth during the forecast period (2021-2028).
The transportation segment is expected to lead this market during the forecast period.
The growth of the construction industry across the globe is a key factor driving the market.
BASF, Evonik, Arkema, Dupont, Acconia, and others are the major players in the global market.
E dominated the market in terms of share in 2020.
The continuous growth in the wind power industry is expected to drive the adoption of these products.
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