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The global stainless steel market size was valued at USD 195.65 billion in 2021. The market is projected to grow from USD 204.17 billion in 2022 to USD 298.85 billion in 2029, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.6% during the forecast period. The global COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented and staggering, with stainless steel experiencing lower-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of -1.4% in 2020 as compared to 2019.
Stainless steel comprises several components that fuse and form a powerful alloy. This alloy contains chromium, nitrogen, and molybdenum. Additionally, the product is eco-friendly, corrosion resistant, long-lasting, neutral alloy, strong, and infinitely recyclable. Such properties make steel a perfect choice in several industries such as automotive, construction, and electronics. The rapidly growing automotive industry is fueling the product demand. Furthermore, the product's ability to resist corrosion coupled with rising manufacturing for recyclable material will further aid in propelling the market growth during the forecast timeframe.
Slowdown of the Construction Sector Affected Market Growth during Pandemic
Various governments imposed strict restrictions, which affected the construction industry, and, in turn, affected the market. This pandemic caused containment measures, freeze in consumption activities, and disruptions in the supply chain. This resulted in machinery closures, severe scarcity of qualified labor, factory shutdowns, and shortage of raw materials, due to which product production remained closed. Also, emerging countries were highly susceptible to the pandemic due to stricter containment measures, declining raw material costs, and insufficient fiscal assistance.
According to the World Steel Organization, in 2020, the stainless steel melt shop production in various countries will decrease severely. The European Union accounted for the loss of over 480 kilotons, whereas India and the U.S. showed a reduction of 776 kilotons and 80 kilotons, respectively. However, the production in China increased to over 1,600 kilotons. Further, the production recovered more quickly in emerging nations than in developed ones, returning to pre-pandemic levels in 2021. As a result, the market is expected to stabilize over the next couple of years.
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Rising Technological Advancement in Steel Owing to Increasing CO2 Emissions is a Prominent Trend
The growing technological advancement to make sustainable stainless steel is flourishing the market growth during the forecast timeline. The global megatrends, including rising mobility, urbanization, population & economic development, and increasing climate change are some prominent factors driving the market. Additionally, growing CO2 emissions worldwide led many steel producers to develop a sustainable choice that could be durable and may be reused at the end of their lifecycle. For instance, in December 2021, Aperam acquired ELG, an expert in super alloys and steel recycling. With this acquisition, both the companies aim to support their CO2 reduction targets and improve their environmental footprint. Hence, such factors, coupled with growing consumer preference to buy steel-based products, will create newer heights for the market to grow significantly.
Rapid Growth in Automotive Industry to Boost the Product Adoption in Seatbelt Springs and Hose Clamps
The rapid growth in the automotive industry will fuel the consumption of the product. This metal is ideal for offering corrosion, high strength, and heat resistance properties. This makes it a perfect choice in various automotive parts, including seatbelt springs and hose clamps. According to the World Steel Organization, stainless steel will be common in suspension, chassis, fuel tanks, bodywork, and catalytic converters in the future. Moreover, the increasing technological advancement in the automotive industry and rising innovation in electric vehicles will contribute to product adoption. Hence, rising product demand from automobile manufacturers will fuel the stainless steel market growth.
Rising Product Consumption Due to its Characteristics in the Construction Industry to Drive the Market Growth
Increasing product consumption in the construction industry will offer lucrative opportunities for the market to grow significantly. This type of steel was not commonly utilized for building structural reasons initially, owing to its high cost. However, technological advancements have made this steel more accessible and affordable over the last decade and improved corrosion resistance and longevity. According to the BS Stainless company, the product demand is increasing to fulfill construction purposes, offer buildings enhancements, and make them more attractive. Moreover, the growing number of commercial and residential buildings coupled with the increasing commissioning of infrastructural projects will boom the construction industry. Hence, such factors will increase the product demand during the forecast period.
Availability of Substitute Products Such as Aluminum and Carbon Steel to Affect Market Growth
Availability of substitute products, such as aluminum, galvanized steel, carbon steel, and engineered plastics, restrains the product adoption. Moreover, it is heavy and not water-resistant when compared with these alternatives. This results in restricting its consumption where the lightweight property in the products is needed. Such factors restrain the market and reduce product adoption in various applications, including consumer goods, engineering, and electronics.
Cold Rolled Flat Segment to Hold Largest Market Share Due to High Demand from Home Appliances and Furniture Industries
On the basis of type, the market is segmented into cold rolled flat, hot plate & sheet, cold bars & wire, hot bars & wire rod, and others. The cold rolled flat segment is predicted to account for the largest share and witness the fastest growth in the global market. Cold rolled flat, abbreviated as CRS, is a highly ductile material that is excellent for applications requiring perfection. It is highly utilized in home appliances, file cabinets, lockers, and furniture.
Hot plate & sheet is also referred to as structural steel and is projected to be the second-largest segment in the market. It is a simple steel sheet that could be cut and welded to manufacture a more complicated product. It is mainly used in drums, general fabrication, automobile panels, containers, and trailer cladding. Increasing demand for cold bars & wire in engineering applications due to their excellent mechanical properties will propel the growth. Hot bars & wire rods are also called annealed bars and normalized bars. The product demand is increasing rapidly in the electrical & electronics industry, owing to its excellent tensile strength.
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Metal Products Segment is the Largest Application Segment Owing to its Corrosion Resistant Property
On the basis of application, the market is divided into metal products, electrical machinery, engineering, construction, automotive parts, and others. The metal products segment held the highest stainless steel market share in 2021. Growing consumer disposable income and rising adoption of metals in utensils and medical accessories resulted in high demand. Hence, this will further fuel the overall market growth during the study period.
Engineering steel products generally include exhaust systems, ship containers, cable trays, and pipelines. Increasing demand for oil & gas and transportation products will boost the segment growth. The construction segment is growing at the highest CAGR in the market. Steel products are utilized in modern construction due to their great strength and corrosion resistance. It is also used in the outside cladding of big, high-impact structures and can be found in interior countertops, railings, and backsplashes. In motor vehicle parts, the product demand is rising owing to rapid innovation in the automotive industry coupled with increasing consumer expenditure. Steel is a reliable, versatile solution, which makes it an ideal choice in electrical machinery. The grades, such as type 316 S and 304 SS, of stainless steel are highly adopted in the electronic industry.
Asia Pacific Stainless Steel Market Size, 2021 (USD Billion)
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The market size in the Asia Pacific stood at USD 146.53 billion in 2021. The rapid infrastructure development and increasing technological advancement in steel have fueled the market growth in Asia Pacific. China holds the highest market share in this region and is the fastest-growing country. The increasing production of steel, rising research & development activities, and growing construction industry are some prominent factors fueling the product demand in China.
In Europe, the high demand for the product is associated with rapid growth in the automotive industry and technological advancement. Around 45%-50% of steel is used in automotive exhaust systems. In addition, several firms are employing innovative processes for complex designs, including tube hydroforming with austenitic steel. Hence, such factors will fuel the market growth in Europe. In North America, the market growth is majorly attributed to the increasing demand for duplex series of steel in electronic and engineering applications, owing to its cost-effective property.
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In Latin America, Brazil and Mexico are the leading countries. The rising consumption of metal products in the medical and transportation industries will augment the market growth in this region. The growth of the construction industry in the Middle East & Africa will showcase significant market growth in the future. The growth is attributed to rise in the number of firms expanding their production capacity and industrial facilities, which leads to an increase in construction activities in this region.
Business Expansion to be the Most Preferred Strategy Adopted by Key Players
Key metal manufacturers operating in the market include ThyssenKrupp Stainless GmbH, Nippon Steel Corporation, ArcelorMittal, and Acerinox S.A. These players are actively involved in production capacity expansion, product development, mergers & acquisitions, and market collaborations. ThyssenKrupp Stainless GmbH is a manufacturer of steel. The company uses both hot and cold rolled processes to manufacture steel-based products for customers. Moreover, the company is also involved in acquisition, R&D activity, and steel innovation to meet consumer demand.
An Infographic Representation of Stainless Steel Market
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The research report provides a detailed analysis of the market with industry outlook and focuses on crucial aspects such as leading companies, types, applications, and products. Also, it provides quantitative data in terms of volume and value, market analysis, research methodology for market data, and insights into stainless steel market trends and highlights vital industry developments and competitive landscape. In addition to the factors mentioned above, the report encompasses various factors that have contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.
Value (USD Billion), Volume (Million Ton)
By Type, Application, and Geography
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 195.65 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 298.85 billion by 2029.
In 2021, the market value stood at USD 195.65 billion.
Registering a significant CAGR of 5.6%, the market will exhibit considerable growth in the forecast period (2022-2029).
The metal products segment is expected to lead the market during the forecast period.
The increasing demand from automotive industry is the key factor driving the market.
China held the highest share in the market in 2021.
ThyssenKrupp Stainless GmbH, Nippon Steel Corporation, ArcelorMittal, and Acerinox S.A are the leading players in the market.
Rapid growth in the construction industry is anticipated to boost the consumption of the product.
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