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U.S. Salt Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis By Source (Brine and Salt Mines), By Type (Rock Salt, Salt in Brine, Solar Salt, and Vacuum Pan Salt) By Application (De-icing, Chemical Processing, Oil & Gas, Flavoring Agent, Agriculture, Water Treatment, and Others), and Country Forecast, 2024-2032

Last Updated: May 06, 2024 | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI108263

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The U.S. salt market size was valued at USD 4.12 billion in 2023 and is expected to grow from USD 4.19 billion in 2024 to USD 4.91 billion by 2032 at a CAGR of 2.0% during the forecast period.


Salt is a mineral that can be found in seas and underground deposits and is also called sodium chloride (NaCl) as it is made up of 40% sodium and 60% chloride. It is utilized in various industrial processes, such as de-icing, water treatment, and chemical manufacturing. In chemical manufacturing, the product is a vital component in the production of soda ash, chlorine, and other chemicals. In addition, it is widely used for de-icing roads during winter months, especially in colder regions of the U.S., thus, driving the market growth in the country. Moreover, the demand for salt products in the food industry remains steady and drives the overall market growth.


The U.S. salt industry witnessed a drop in exports and imports due to a slowdown in economic and industrial activities during the COVID-19 pandemic. The operations of soda ash and caustic companies at reduced capacities and the shutdown of eateries led to a decline in the demand for the product in the country.


U.S. Salt Market Trends


Rising Demand for Organic and Natural Food Products to Fuel Market Growth


The demand for organic and natural food products has influenced the market. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a U.S. adult usually consumes more sodium than the recommended national guidelines. Excessive intake of sodium can increase the risk of hypertension, heart disease, and stroke. As the CDC is spreading awareness regarding risks associated with excessive sodium intake, consumers are changing their consumption habits and moving toward organic and natural food products. Consumers are opting for minimally processed products without additives or anti-caking agents. Organic and natural products are gaining popularity due to their perceived health benefits and environmentally friendly production methods. This trend has led to an increased demand for specialty salts, such as sea salt, Himalayan pink salt, and other mineral-rich varieties.


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U.S. Salt Market Growth Factors


Steady Demand for Salt for De-icing Applications to Drive Market Growth


The product is extensively used in melting ice and snow on roads, walkways, and other surfaces. One of the primary driving factors for using it in de-icing is its affordability. This mineral is inexpensive compared to any other alternative de-icing agents, such as calcium magnesium or potassium acetate. Moreover, it is readily available in most regions, making it convenient for municipalities and road maintenance authorities to procure and distribute it for de-icing. Another advantage of using it is that it is easy to apply using spreaders or trucks equipped with spreader mechanisms, allowing for efficient distribution across large areas of roads and highways. Thus, affordability, availability, and effectiveness make it an ideal choice for de-icing applications. Such humongous demand from de-icing applications is set to boost the U.S. salt market growth during the forecast period.


Increasing Demand from the Agriculture Sector to Boost Market Growth


The product plays a crucial role in agriculture as a soil conditioner and as a nutrient for livestock. Livestock requires it for proper development and growth, and it is often provided in the form of mineral blocks or salt licks. Furthermore, it is used as a soil amendment to improve the fertility and structure of soil in certain agricultural practices. The demand for the product in the agriculture sector in the U.S. is driven by the need to aid livestock nutrition, manage weeds, maintain nutrient solutions, improve soil conditions in soilless agriculture systems, and preserve crops.   


RESTRAINING FACTORS


Rising Government Regulations and Health Concerns May Hinder the Market Growth


The overconsumption of salt is related to issues pertaining to health, including cardiovascular disorders and high blood pressure. In the U.S., over 4 in 10 adults are diagnosed with high blood pressure and the number hits around 6 in 10 for non-Hispanic black adults and nearly 1 in 10 children (aged 8 to 12) are diagnosed with this condition. In addition, hypertension or high blood pressure is diagnosed in 1 in 8 teenagers (13 to 17 years old).


Final guidelines have been issued by the FDA to set voluntary targets to decrease sodium in ready-to-eat, packaged, and processed foods over the next two and a half years. Furthermore, people aged 14 and above have been recommended by the American Dietary Guidelines 2020-2025 to reduce the consumption of sodium to 2,300 mg daily.


U.S. Salt Market Segmentation Analysis


By Source Analysis


Availability Of Underground Deposits Propelled The Growth Of Salt Mines Segment


Based on source, the market is segmented into brine and salt mines.


The salt mines segment accounted for a significant U.S. salt market share in 2023 and is likely to maintain its dominance during the forecast period. This growth can be attributed to the availability of underground deposits. Mine production involves many processes of extracting and refining products from underground reservoirs. Specific mining processes and methods may vary depending on deposit type and mining location. Salts extracted from mines are highly utilized in the chemical industry for various purposes. For instance, they are widely used in manufacturing glass, paper, rubber, textiles, etc. In addition, they are an essential building block for producing chlorine and caustic soda, thus driving demand for them in the foreseen period.


Another manufacturing process is the product extraction from its solution, also called brine. Brine typically occurs in natural saline sources such as salt pans, salt lakes, and underground reservoirs. Growing demand for brine segment in deicing, agriculture and as a flavoring agent will drive its demand moderately till 2032.


By Type Analysis


Rock Salt Segment Led In 2023 Owing To Its Road Applications


Based on type, the market is segmented into rock salt, salt in brine, solar salt, and vacuum pan salt.


The rock salt segment held the largest share in 2023 owing to its rising demand in road applications and de-icing, especially in the colder regions in the U.S. rock salt is also used in water softening systems to remove hardness from water.


Solar salt is used to regenerate iron exchange water softeners. It dissolves easily and is preferred for this purpose due to its high purity. In addition, such solar evaporated type is used in food processing, chemical manufacturing, animal nutrition, and in certain specialty products.


By Application Analysis


De-Icing Segment Dominated Owing to Its Applications in De-Icing


By application, the market is segmented into de-icing, chemical processing, oil & gas, flavoring agent, agriculture, water treatment, and others.


The de-icing segment dominated salt consumption in the U.S. salt market, with a majority of market share in 2023. It is projected to maintain its dominance throughout the forecast period with a growth rate of 1.8% till 2032. The number of winter weather events, such as freezing rain, sleet, and snow, mainly drives the demand for the product. In addition, several low snowfall or icing events generate more demand for salt for de-icing applications than a single large snowfall event.


Apart from de-icing application, the chemical processing segment is another important application segment that accounts for the significant share of the total salt sales in the U.S. market. The product is a primary raw material in the production of caustic soda and chlorine through the chlor-alkali process. It is also used as a key raw material in the production of soda ash. In addition, it finds application in several other chemical processes.


In addition, it is used in several important applications in the oil & gas sector. It is a critical component of drilling fluids, also known as drilling muds, used in the exploration and production of oil & gas. In some enhanced oil recovery techniques, produced water or saltwater is injected into oil reservoirs to displace oil and enhance its recovery.


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List of Key Companies in U.S. Salt Market


Key Market Players are Focusing on Product Innovation to Boost their Market Presence


In terms of the competitive landscape, the market depicts the presence of established and emerging companies. Key players include US Salt LLC, Cargill, Compass Minerals International, Inc., American Rock Salt, and others. Industry players compete primarily based on the price and application characteristics of the product. Companies are emphasizing product innovation, social marketing, acquisition, and collaborations.


LIST OF KEY COMPANIES PROFILED:



  • American Rock Salt (U.S.)

  • Cargill Salt (U.S.)

  • Compass Minerals International, Inc. (U.S.)

  • INEOS Enterprises Salt (U.K.)

  • K+S (Germany)

  • Morton Salt (U.S.)

  • US Salt LLC (U.S.)

  • Jacobsen Salt Co. (U.S.)

  • Ahir Salt Industries (India)


KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • February 2024- True Salt, a U.S. based high-quality sea salt provider, planned to double its production capacity than the existing capacity. The expansion is in response to meet the growing demand for sea salt from food and manufacturing industries.

  • May 2021- Tanteo Tequila launched Jalapeño, Chipotle, Habanero, and Citrus flavored margarita salts that are in use with 750ml of their Jalapeño, Chipotle, Habanero, and Blanco expressions. Tanteo Tequilas are made from fair trade, 100% Blue Weber agave, and these new salts will elevate and help elevate everyone’s margarita game and enhance the flavors of the iconic cocktails.

  • April 2021: K+S AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT completed the sale of the Operating Unit Americas to Stone Canyon Industries Holdings LLC.


REPORT COVERAGE


An Infographic Representation of U.S. Salt Market

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The study report thoroughly examines key factors such as leading companies, applications, and products. It also provides market trends and highlights significant industry advancements. The study includes different variables that have contributed to the market's growth in recent years and the factors listed above. It examines the industry's newest market dynamics, opportunities, historical data, and revenue growth estimates at the country levels.


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Report Scope & Segmentation
















































ATTRIBUTE



DETAILS



Study Period



2019-2032



Base Year



2023



Estimated Year



2024



Forecast Period



2024-2032



Historical Period



2019-2022



Growth Rate



CAGR of 2.0% from 2024 to 2032



Unit



Value (USD Billion)



Segmentation



By Source



  • Brine

  • Salt Mines



By Type



  • Rock Salt

  • Salt in Brine

  • Solar Salt

  • Vacuum Pan Salt



By Application



  • De-icing

  • Chemical Processing

  • Oil & Gas

  • Flavoring Agent

  • Agriculture

  • Water Treatment

  • Others






Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the U.S. market was worth USD 4.12 billion in 2023.

The market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 2.0% during the forecast period.

By type, the rock salt segment accounted for the largest share in 2023.

US Salt LLC, Cargill Salt, Compass Minerals International, Inc., and American Rock Salt are the top players in the market.

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