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The global used cooking oil market size was USD 5.16 billion in 2020. The market is projected to grow from USD 5.97 billion in 2021 to USD 10.08 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 7.76% during the 2021-2028 period. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with used cooking oil witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market registered a decline of -12.46% in 2020 as compared to the average year-on-year growth during 2017-2019. The sudden decline in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
The global Used Cooking Oil (UCO) market will grow considerably due to rising awareness of sustainable energy resources and environmental conservation. Recent advancements in technologies that are used to process waste cooking oil into high-quality refined oil will emerge in favor of the growth of the overall market. The rapidly evolving food and foodservice industry that involves novel preparations directly impacted the overall production of UCO. Increasing government initiatives to promote UCO utilization for industrial purposes are expected to drive the used cooking oil market growth in the foreseeable years.
COVID-19 Pandemic Significantly Reduced Supply of Used Oil as a Raw Material for Other Industries to Impede Industry Progress
The recent coronavirus outbreak has disrupted the global supply chain associated with used cooking oil. The nationwide lockdowns in almost all countries have led to the shutdown of the foodservice industry, which has significantly reduced the supply to the UCO processing companies. The recycling of waste cooking oil
experienced a sudden slump due to the limited product supply and manpower scarcity. The impact on the foodservice industry mirrors the impact on the global market. The re-establishment of the foodservice industry and renewed edible oil production is expected to contribute to the growing demand for UCO once the pandemic is brought under control.
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Utilization of Sustainable & Green Energy to Tackle Environmental Issues to Fuel Product Demand
The increasing population, rapid urbanization, and increasing pollution across the world have created several issues related to climate change, greenhouse gas emissions, and other environmental issues. Governments across several countries and a few leading energy & fuel companies are adopting policies that support the green economy. Biodiesel manufactured from used edible oil is an emerging category in the green energy space. In recent years, consumer preference has shifted from petroleum diesel to biodiesel due to its environmental welfare counterparts. Furthermore, the growing awareness regarding food wastage among consumers and stringent safety regulations associated with the product contributes to the increased availability of used edible oil for fuel production.
Increasing Use of UCO in Biodiesel Industry Drives Market Growth
Recent technological advancements in waste recycling have encouraged people to recycle waste products and convert them into useful products that are beneficial for the environment. The product has a massive potential to be refined into various bio-fuels to generate power. Biodiesels that are produced using waste cooking oil have a lower carbon footprint and burns cleaner. They also release less amount of carbon monoxide and are cost-effective as compared to petroleum diesel. The increasing demand for recycled UCO for biodiesel production primarily drives the growth of the market. The recycling process generates by-products, which are useful in the manufacturing of soap and glycerine, which increases their demand. According to the Biomass Board of Research and Development, the global biodiesel supply reached 39,654 million liters in 2015 and is expected to reach 50,334 million liters by 2025.
Rising Government Efforts to Reduce the Oil Wastage Will Emerge in Favor of Market Growth
Governments in several countries across the world are putting in more efforts to create public awareness by enabling policies and regulations to encourage the use of recycled. For instance, in August 2019, the government of India launched a program to convert used-cooking oil into biodiesel in 100 cities of India. In 2018, the government also launched the Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO) app to collect the oil. Channeling the UCO into biodiesel production also prevents it waste from re-entering the food chain. The UK Environmental Agency has laid out certain guidelines for restaurants to follow regarding cooking oil disposal. The agency is sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and aims at preventing inaccurate disposal of waste oil.
Challenges Faced in Processing of UCO to Impede Market’s Growth
The challenges faced during the processing and refinement of UCO restrict the growth of the market. The presence of a high amount of unwanted free fatty acids and water are considered impurities that have to be removed before transesterification, the most important process of refining. The high amount of free fatty acids reacts with alkaline catalysts that inhibit the reaction, resulting in a poor quality biodiesel yield. The high amount of impurities also limits their utilization in animal feed due to safety purposes. The biodiesel produced using UCO may reduce its combustion level and reduce engine power to hamper its demand worldwide.
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Foodservice Segment Holds the Major Market Share due to High Utilization of the Product across Various Sectors
Based on the source, the market is segmented into foodservice and households. The emerging culture of dining out influences the growth of the foodservice segment. The expansion of cafes and restaurants across the globe has increased the product’s demand. The growing interest in trying out exotic cuisines among consumers has propelled the utilization of exotic cooking oils across the foodservice industry. According to the National Restaurants Association (U.S.), the sales at U.S. restaurants and hotels reached USD 825 billion in 2018, with a 4% year-on-year growth rate. The fast-food chains grew at a CAGR of 7% from 2013-2018, which indicates that the foodservice sector will grow in the upcoming years.
The foodservice segment share is also expected to grow at a faster pace due to the ongoing developments in policies and regulations set out by governments for the collection of waste cooking oil from hotels & restaurants.
Industrial Application Exhibits Robust Growth Owing to the Rising Demand for Fuel Production
The widespread applications of UCO for the production of fuels propel the growth of the industrial application segment. Advances in technologies used to process waste cooking oil have promoted its utilization in various industrial processes. Along with the biodiesel, the UCO can produce ozone-treated oil with a higher calorific value and lower ignition point. This oil is also used as a fermentation media component that further acts as a carbon source for microorganisms. The formation of beneficial by-products of certain components can be put to further use, which drives the segment's growth. Darling Ingredients, a leading biodiesel producer, mentioned that the U.S. produced 160 million gallons of renewable diesel in 2018, and this figure is expected to increase by 20% in the upcoming years.
North America Used Cooking Oil Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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North America accounts for the largest market share due to the current legislative developments that promote the utilization of waste cooking oil for sustainable fuel generation. In Europe, the EU is also taking major efforts to increase biodiesel production. According to the European Commission, a major percentage of diesel consumption will replace biodiesel by EU27. Governments of the various countries in this region are laying out policies that promote the collection and processing of waste cooking oils from cafes, restaurants, hotels, catering businesses, and hotels. The promotional campaigns in the region that create awareness regarding the recycling of waste cooking oil also drive the growth of the market in the region.
The market in the Asia Pacific is expected to exhibit a significant CAGR owing to the increased awareness regarding environmental welfare and sustainable energy resources. The increasing number of companies entering into the collection, refinement, and processing of waste cooking oil in this region will aid growth. Companies operating in North America and Europe invest in UCO procurement from Asian countries to fulfill their raw material demand for biodiesel production. The evolution of the food and foodservice industry across the region also supports market growth.
Brazil is one of the largest producers of biodiesel, and hence the demand for using alternative sources as feedstock is also increasing. As more countries are using waste cooking oil to produce biodiesel, Brazil is also promoting its use in biodiesel production. Moreover, in 2016 Brazilian President signed the biofuels initiative into law which will help increase the production of biodiesel in Brazil in coming years. On the other hand, Argentina also expands its renewable energy sources to support its commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The 2006 Biofuels Law 26,093 mandated a 5 percent biodiesel mix in diesel and bioethanol in gasoline beginning in 2010. Since 2016, the blend mandated a 12 percent mix for ethanol and a 10 percent mix for biodiesel. Such initiatives are expected to increase biodiesel production in Argentina, which will increase the demand for used cooking oil during the forecast period.
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In Middle East & Africa regions, many countries are transitioning from conventional energy resources to more efficient energy resources. In African countries, there is a significant opportunity for entrepreneurs, particularly those in informal and rural settlements, to use cooking oil or edible oils to produce and resell biodiesel. In Zambia, a young entrepreneur has grown his business from 200 liters of biodiesel produced from used cooking oil to 3,000 liters per month, selling it to local customers for use in vehicles and machinery. More such initiatives are expected to boost the use of this oil in the production of biodiesel.
ABP Food Group Invests in Expansion of UCO Processing for Fulfilling Green Energy Demand
The ABP Food Group is focused on investing in the expansion of the processing of used oil to produce sustainable energy. For instance, in October 2017, the company has invested USD 28.8 million to open a green energy plant in the UK. The presence of multiple small players and their extended production and distribution capabilities has resulted in the fragmentation of the market across the globe. Other key players such as Valley Proteins, Inc., Proper Oils Co. Ltd., and Baker commodities, Inc. are focusing on facility expansions, innovation of novel processing techniques, and partnerships to strengthen the presence in the market.
An Infographic Representation of Used Cooking Oil Market
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The global used cooking oil market research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product sources, and leading application areas of the product. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market over recent years.
Value (USD Billion)
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 5.16 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 10.08 billion by 2028.
In 2020, the North America market size stood at USD 2.21 billion.
Growing at a CAGR of 7.76%, the market will exhibit steady growth during the forecast period (2021-2028).
The food services segment is expected to be the leading segment in this market during the forecast period.
Increasing demand for biodiesel is the key factor driving the growth of the market.
Valley Proteins Inc. and ABP Food Corps are the major players in the market.
North America dominated the market share in 2020.
Expansion of the foodservice industry is expected to drive adoption in the global market.
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