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Electric Truck Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Propulsion (BEV, PHEV, and FCEV), By Vehicle Type (Light Duty Trucks, Medium Duty Trucks, and Heavy Duty Trucks), By Range (150 Miles, 151-300 Miles, and Above 300 Miles), and Regional Forecasts, 2022-2029

Region : Global | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI102512

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The global electric truck market size was valued at USD 505.5 million in 2021 and is projected to grow from USD 631.3 million in 2022 to USD 7,146.4 million by 2029, exhibiting a CAGR of 41.43% during the forecast period. The global COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented and staggering, with electric truck experiencing lower-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of 19.70% in 2020 as compared to 2019.


Electric truck is powered by batteries designed to transport cargo, carry specialized payloads, or perform other valuable work. It is used in the services of milk floats, pushback tugs, forklifts, and others. Electric type of trucks accounted for just 0.3% of global truck sales in 2021. According to IEA, the sale of battery electric vehicle trucks increases yearly, and the increasing adoption of electric type of trucks will drive the market growth during the forecast period.


COVID-19 IMPACT


Decrease in Vehicle Production and Sales Hampered the Market Growth


 Since December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic has extended to almost 100 countries around the globe, with the World Health Organization (WHO) declaring it a pandemic. The global impacts of COVID-19 have already started to be felt and will significantly impact the market in the years 2020 and 2021.


Automotive support for low- and zero-emission commercial vehicles to aid the short-term recovery of the automotive industry. The demand for trucks decreased in 2020 due to COVID-19 impact and increased in 2021; truck OEMs have also developed new technologically advanced electric truck models; more than 170 were available outside China in 2021. Organizations were compelled to close down owing to the pandemic-persuaded lockdown or operate at decreased functioning capacity post production recommenced, which resulted in an extreme recession in vehicle manufacturing. As per the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA), production was equal to sales in 2010, dropping by 16% to less than 78 million vehicles. Moreover, several vital countries additionally re-asserted their targeted


LATEST TRENDS


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 Increasing Adoption of Autonomous Driving Technology is Boosting the Market Growth


The recent trend of self-driving technology will influence the global market. Top manufacturers such as Tesla, Volvo, Vera, Daimler, and others have been developing this self-driving technology in trucks for the market. Startup companies such as Embark, Einride, TuSimple, and others have also started developing this technology. Moreover, autonomous trucking brings greater efficiency to the trucking market. Cargo companies need to move large quantities of cargo every day. Autonomous truck would allow companies to move more freight with the same number or even fewer drivers, as one person will be responsible for monitoring multiple trucks.


Self-driving truck technology will increase the demand for electric trucks in the long run due to its advantages such as easy use, presence of value-added features, and reducing human errors as it is a driverless system. For instance, in 2021, Tesla disclosed its plan to launch its self-driving electric type of truck by the end of 2025. Waymo has already started testing its self-driving trucks at the beginning of 2020. In February 2022, TuSimple, an autonomous driving technology company, announced the operation of autonomous routes between Tucson & Phoenix in Arizona and some areas of Texas. 


DRIVING FACTORS


Increase in Prices of Fuels will Create Demand for Electric Trucks


Fuel prices globally are highly uncertain and rising. Refueling solutions will also have costs that vary by region and increase over time. With gas prices rising, electric vehicles look more appealing to consumers. It is estimated that the annual cost to fuel a light commercial vehicle is around USD 3,500 annually for the average American. The estimated cost to fuel a similar vehicle using a suitable electric propulsion system is around USD 850, roughly three times less. EVs have significantly less running costs than IC vehicles as electric motors are more efficient than gasoline engines. Further, around 85% of the energy through an electric motor is converted into movement; on the other hand, it is around 40% in gas-powered vehicles. In a situation where electricity and fuel costs were equal, a commercial electric vehicle would be cheaper to own than a gasoline-fueled vehicle. The major countries are also focusing on developing charging infrastructure, which will surge the demand for these trucks during the forecast period.


RESTRAINING FACTORS


 High Manufacturing Costs for Electric Vehicles are Retraining the Market Growth


The initial asset required for manufacturing electric trucks is comparatively much higher than CNG, petroleum, and diesel trucks. The cost of components and machinery used for production is also relatively high. This is majorly due to the high cost associated with electric batteries used in trucks. Europe is responsible for over one-quarter of global EV assembly, but it is a tiny supply chain apart from cobalt processing at 20%. Moreover, the U.S. has an even more minor role in the global EV battery supply chain, with only 10% of EV production and 7% of battery production capacity. The production of these trucks is less sophisticated than other conventional fuel trucks and thus is highly affected by the prices of batteries in the market. Further, in most regions, the raw material required for batteries is required to be imported, which also adds to the high prices of batteries. The production of such commercial vehicles is currently limited due to the high cost incurred. According to a report by Forbes on energy innovation, the manufacturing cost of an electric truck is much higher currently compared to diesel or petrol trucks. Still, by 2030, it will be 50% cheaper compared to diesel and petrol variants with falling battery prices. 


SEGMENTATION


By Propulsion Analysis


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Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) to Lead Market Owing to Profits Such as No Exhaust Gases production and Deliveries in Zero-Emission Zones


By propulsion, the market is segmented into Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV).


The BEV segment held the largest market share attributed to its benefits and adoption in several countries, such as China and the U.S., and European countries. China accounted for nearly 90% of electric truck registrations in 2021. The electric truck market growth is projected to accelerate significantly depending on BEV sales and latest developments.


The PHEV segment held the second-largest market share. The segment offers improved comfort and the overall performance of the truck. The key companies are focused on research and development of plug-in hybrid trucks. These factors will affirmatively affect the growth of the segment.


The FCEV segment held the third-largest share of the market. The growth of this segment is attributed to the product’s advantages and development from key trucking players.


 By Vehicle Type Analysis


Light Duty Truck Held Largest Share of the Market Owing to its Low Maintenance and High Performance


Based on application, the market is divided into light duty trucks, medium duty trucks, and heavy duty trucks.


The light duty trucks segment held the largest share of the market in 2021. Sales of light-duty have continued to increase. China accounted for the maximum number of light duty trucks in 2021; the growth is attributed to key market players and OEMs in the country. Europe was the second largest market share in 2021 due to increasing response to carbon dioxide (CO2) performance standards.


The medium duty trucks segment held the second-largest market share in 2021. Demand for medium-duty trucks is more significant in China, the U.S., and European countries. Features and services are of trivial significance than essential dependability and security. The segment held the third largest market share in 2021 due to the rising demand for electric trucks in constrictions of transportation.


By Range Analysis


151-300 Miles Dominates the Market Due to Increasing Development in Electric Truck


 Based on range, the market is segmented into 150 miles, 151-300 miles, and above 300 miles.


The 151-300 miles segment held the largest market share in 2021. This segment's growth is attributed to registering and increasing electric truck sales (151-300 range) in Asia Pacific.


The 150 miles segment held the second-largest market share in 2021. This segments' growth is attributed to rising key developments by crucial companies in the market. The above 300 miles segment held the third largest share of the market and is expected to lead in the future considering the latest developments from giant players in this segment.


REGIONAL INSIGHTS


Asia Pacific Electric Truck Market Size, 2021 (USD Million)

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Asia Pacific led the electric truck market share (with China accounting for most of the share), and it stood at USD 224.5 million in 2021. The factors include a growth in the sale and registration of commercial electric vehicles. For instance, in 2021, China showed significant growth from 2020 to 2021; China registered around 86,000 light commercial vehicles, which will drive the growth of the market in this region. Furthermore, most consumers prefer commercial electric vehicles in prime nations such as China, Japan, and India. This will result in an upsurge in demand for these trucks in the region.


Europe is anticipated to display substantial growth in the market owing to the high demand for electric trucks for zero-emission and reduced transportation costs. In 2021, the lightest commercial vehicle was sold in Europe. This may reflect that most electric LCVs are acquired for specific uses within fixed delivery areas and may not need an extended driving range. This will lead to an exponential boost in product demand.


North America is also anticipated to observe promising growth in the market. In the U.S., electric truck brands have consistently increased demand. The number of electric LDVs per public charging point in the U.S. is 18. Also, the infrastructure investment in charging stations was increased by the government. These factors will impact the market growth.


KEY INDUSTRY PLAYERS


 BYD Company Ltd Leads Market Owing to Industrious Partnerships and Industry-leading Products


BYD Company Ltd is one of the dominating players in the market. Its business principally contains the development and manufacturing of electric trucks. These aspects have empowered the company to seize a larger market share.


LIST OF KEY COMPANIES PROFILED:



KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • May 2022 – Daimler and Sysco signed a contract to purchase 800 Freightliner eCascadia electric trucks; the first lot delivery will be scheduled by year-end. The deployment of 800 trucks will be completed by 2026. With this deal, the company will be electrifying 35% of the fleet.

  • February 2022 – BYD announced its deal with Einride to deliver 200 class 8 8TT battery electric cab trucks for deployment across the U.S. It's the company’s most significant order outside Asia. BYD has already started lot delivery and will be dispatched within a year.

  • May 2022 – Tata Motors launched the e-cargo transport Ace-EV. It will be the most advanced zero-emission small commercial vehicle(SCV) most suitable for intra-city applications. Also, Tata Motors announced the signing of an MOU with Amazon, BigBasket, City Link, DOT, Flipkart, LetsTransport, MoEVing, and Yelo EV. Under this MOU, Tata Motors will provide 39,000 units of the Ace EV.

  • September 2022 – Volvo Trucks announced the start of sales of heavy-duty all-electric Volvo FH, Volvo FM, and Volvo FMX, with volume production planned to begin in late 2022. These trucks can operate at a total weight of 44 tonnes, and the three models represent around two-thirds of the company’s sales.

  • June 2022 – Scania introduced a new line of battery-electric trucks designed for regional operations, having 624kWh battery packs with a range of up to 350 km. The Scania offers a 4×2 tractor or 6×2*4 rigid with 624kWh of battery capacity that will provide up to 350 km of range.


REPORT COVERAGE


An Infographic Representation of Electric Trucks Market

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The research report covers a detailed market analysis. It focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product types, and leading product applications. Besides this, the report offers insights into the electric truck market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors mentioned above, the report delivers an in-depth analysis of several factors that have contributed to its growth in recent years.


Report Scope & Segmentation 















































  ATTRIBUTE



  DETAILS



Study Period



2018-2029



Base Year



2021



Estimated Year



2022



Forecast Period



2022-2029



Historical Period



2018-2020



Unit



Value (USD Million)



Segmentation



By Propulsion



  • BEV

  • PHEV

  • FCEV



By Vehicle Type



  • Light Duty Trucks

  • Medium Duty Trucks

  • Heavy Duty Trucks



By Range



  • 150 Miles

  • 151-300 Miles

  • Above 300 Miles



By Geography



  • North America (By Propulsion, By Vehicle Type, and By Range)

    • U.S.

    • Canada



  • Europe (By Propulsion, By Vehicle Type, and By Range)

    • U.K.

    • Germany

    • France

    • Rest of Europe



  • Asia Pacific (By Propulsion, By Vehicle Type, and By Range)

    • China

    • Japan

    • India

    • Rest of Asia Pacific



  • Rest of the World (By Propulsion, By Vehicle Type, and By Range)

    • Middle East & Africa

    • Latin America





Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 505.5 million in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 7,146.4 million by 2029.

In 2021, the Asia Pacific market size stood at USD 224.5 million.

The market will exhibit a promising growth rate of 41.43% CAGR during the forecast period (2022-2029).

The battery electric vehicle segment held the largest market share in 2021.

An increase in the prices of fuels will create the product demand.

Daimler AG, AB Volvo, and Scania AB are the major players in the global market.

Asia Pacific held the largest share in the market in 2021.

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