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The India agricultural biologicals market size was valued at USD 446.26 million in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 505.50 million in 2023 to USD 1,269.24 million by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 14.06% during the forecast period.
Agricultural biologicals are agricultural inputs that are derived from biological sources such as food, plants, trees, and biological waste. They are a good substitute for conventional chemicals and will help to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Moreover, use of biologicals in agriculture can lead to reduced carbon emissions and maintain the ecological balance. The market in India is relatively smaller than the synthetic crop protection chemicals industry. Some of the major agricultural biological products are biofertilizers, biopesticides, and biostimulants.
The demand for environment-friendly products is increasing rapidly in the country. Furthermore, the adoption of policies, such as the National Farmer Policy, which supports sustainable farming, also creates favorable opportunities for biological manufacturers to expand their production. These factors are anticipated to support market growth in the coming years.
Lockdown Restrictions Hampered Product Availability Affecting the Market Growth
The COVID-19 pandemic had a negative impact on the agricultural sector and small-scale farmers suffered major problems due to supply chain disruptions. The price of commodities such as agri inputs, including biofertilizers, biopesticides, and biostimulants, increased during the pandemic.
The pandemic created several challenges for the farmers, who had to adopt new strategies to cope with such stresses. As movement was restricted, large farms suffered from labor unavailability, causing a loss in the production of vegetables, flowers, and crops. Farmers in remote areas faced severe problems in accessing agri products and services once the lockdown restrictions were imposed across the country.
The COVID-19 pandemic also created favorable opportunities for Indian agricultural biological manufacturers. Before the pandemic, China was one of the major manufacturers of such products, but the spread of the virus halted the production and transportation of these products to other countries. Thus, to fill the gap created by the supply chain disruption of China, countries such as India had the opportunity to expand their local production capabilities and meet the market demand.
Increasing Investment in Advanced Technologies to Develop Highly Effective Biological Products
Several public sector and private sector companies are investing in advanced technologies and the research and development of new biocontrol products for the Indian market. The Central Insecticide Board and Registration Committee (CIB&RC) has established specific guidelines to ensure that manufacturers produce high-quality biological products in laboratories. Despite rapid advancement in the production process, manufacturers face challenges related to survival rate and enhancing the microbial cell activity of carrier materials. Nanotechnology is one of the most effective technology for developing new biopesticide formulations to combat different pests and crop varieties. Manufacturers are adopting advanced nanotechnology production methods to develop different environment-friendly and cost-effective solutions. India is a key market for agri products manufacturers and several multinational companies such as Sumitomo Chemicals and others are diversifying their product portfolio and expanding their market share.
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Increase in Production of Horticulture Crops to Drive India Agricultural Biologicals Market Growth
The use of intensive cultivation practices and the widespread use of chemical inputs have impacted soil fertility. This creates the need to adopt non-chemical alternatives such as biofertilizers for crop production. Using such products helps improve soil fertility and increase microbial content by replenishing the population of microorganisms in agricultural soils. Furthermore, the export of fruits and vegetables from India has increased significantly over the past few years. As per data provided by the Agricultural & Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), the country exported USD 770.70 million worth of fresh fruits and USD 864.24 Million worth of vegetables in 2022-23. The application of biological inputs such as biostimulants significantly improves the size and structure of fruits. Thus, the country's potential growth in exports is expected to boost the adoption of agricultural biologicals in the country.
Enforcement of Favorable Government Policies to Support Market Growth
The government of India is encouraging farmers to gradually switch from chemical agricultural inputs to biological inputs. As per data provided by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, several schemes have been launched in different parts of the country to assist farmers in adopting these products. The government is also launching several subsidy programs such as Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY), Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region (MOVCDNER), and others to support the adoption of biofertilizers and biological inputs among local farmers. The launch of such programs is set to drive the industry expansion over the forecast period.
Limited Shelf Life and High Cost of the Products to Hamper Market Growth
Biological inputs are composed of live organisms and these organisms need to be stored in optimum temperature and environment to ensure that they remain effective during their application on crops. These products have limited shelf life. Therefore, their effectiveness may decline if proper temperature is not maintained during transportation. This creates a significant problem in importing or exporting live organisms to and from other countries, impacting their availability, application, and market growth. The production cost of some of the biological inputs such as biostimulants and biopesticides is high compared to their chemical counterparts. This high cost of production acts as a major barrier that prevents new manufacturers from entering the market. It also makes the product less favorable to cost-conscious farmers, hampering the adoption rate and impacting the Indian agricultural biological market forecast.
Biostimulants Segment Accounts for the Highest Market Share Owing to Increased Product Adoption for Improving Soil Health
By type, the market has been segregated into biofertilizers, biopesticides, and biostimulants. The biostimulants segment holds the highest market share. Biostimulants are complementary to fertilizers and improve nutrient use efficiency by supporting better root development. They help stimulate the physiological activities of plants, and improve soil health and fertility by enhancing soil parameters and functions.
The demand for biofertilizers has been witnessing steady growth and is expected to register a CAGR of 12.05% during the forecast period. This is due to growing awareness regarding sustainable agriculture practices and the need to reduce chemical inputs. Biofertilizers are beneficial microorganisms that enhance soil fertility and plant growth. The rising demand for organic products has boosted the use of biofertilizers as they are essential components of organic farming.
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Biochemicals Segment to Record the Highest Market Share as their Use Helps Reduce Carbon Emissions
Based on source, this market is segmented into two categories: biochemical and microbial.
The biochemicals segment is expected to hold the largest market share over the forecast period. Biochemicals are agricultural inputs that are a good substitute for conventional chemicals and can help to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Moreover, the use of biochemicals in agriculture can help to reduce carbon emissions and also maintain the ecological balance in soil.
The microbial segment is expected to register significant growth over the study period. This is due to the increasing adoption of microbial agri-inputs by farmers to solve various major agricultural issues such as plant protection, soil health maintenance, and crop productivity. There has been an increase in research activities focused on diverse microbes by companies such as UPL Limited, IFFCO, and others. Such initiatives are being undertaken to identify active ingredients and develop crop protection inputs. This is predicted to enhance the demand for microbes for the formulation of agricultural biologicals throughout the forecast period.
Foliar Spray Segment to Hold Major Market Share as it Promotes Easier Application of Biologicals on Agricultural Crops
On the basis of application method, the market is segmented into foliar spray, soil treatment, seed treatment, and others.
The foliar spray segment is predicted to hold the major share in the market as the agri inputs can be easily applied to the crops using this method. Furthermore, the segment share is poised to rise due to the increased adoption of foliar spray by large and small-sized organic and conventional Indian farms.
The decreasing availability of agricultural land for crop cultivation is driving the demand for soil treatment. The popularity of this segment is expected to increase in the future and it is expected to register a growth of 11.94% during the forecast period. There is also a growing demand for organic food in the Indian market. This is also driving the demand for soil treatment, as there is a growing need to reduce nutrient deficiencies in the soil.
Row Crops Segment to Dominate Owing to Rising Demand for Pesticide Residue-free Crops
On the basis of crop, the market is segmented into row crops, fruits & vegetables, and others.
The row crops segment is expected to dominate the market in terms of revenue share. The consumer demand for biological row crops has undergone significant growth owing to a shift in consumer preference for natural cereals and foods. There is an increasing demand for pesticide residue-free crops among consumers. Moreover, farmers are looking for environmentally sustainable products that reduce the chemical residue on the crops and also make their products favorable for export to European and North American countries.
The fruits and vegetables segment is likely to maintain its steady growth during the forecast period. This is owing to the growing popularity of the fruits and vegetables among consumers. The demand for agricultural biologicals in the production of various fruit and vegetable varieties is expected to rise. This can be credited to an upsurge in the demand for organic seasonal and continental fruits and vegetables, particularly among consumers with higher disposable income.
Manufacturers Focus on Product Diversification and Expansion to Strengthen Market Presence
Some of the key players operating in this market include Coromandel International Limited, SOM PHYTOPHARMA (INDIA) LIMITED, UPL Limited, and PI Industries Ltd, among others. Prominent manufacturers such as UPL Limited and PI Industries Ltd. focus on expanding their footprint by expanding their product portfolio. These players also collaborate and acquire regional and local brands to diversify their product portfolio. The industry leaders are also embarking on base expansion to penetrate the potential Indian marketplace effectively. Manufacturers are actively capitalizing on R&D activities to develop high-quality products. The growing focus on research and development of innovative product solutions is expected to support the India agricultural biologicals market growth.
An Infographic Representation of India Agricultural Biologicals Market
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The market research report includes quantitative and qualitative insights into the market. It also offers the market size and growth rate for all possible market segments. Various key insights presented in the report are an overview of related markets, competitive landscape, recent industry developments such as mergers & acquisitions, the regulatory scenario in critical countries, company profiles, and key industry trends.
Value (USD Million)
CAGR of 14.06% from 2023 to 2030
By Application Method
Fortune Business Insights says that the India market size was valued at USD 446.26 million in 2022.
The market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 14.06% during the forecast period (2023-2030).
By type, the biostimulant segment is expected to be the leading segment in the India market.
An upsurge in the production of horticulture crops is a key factor supporting the market growth.
UPL Limited, IFFCO, and Coromandel International Limited are a few of the top players in the India market.
The high cost and limited shelf life of the products may hamper market growth to some extent.
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