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The global physical vapor deposition market size was USD 22.43 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow from USD 23.56 billion in 2021 to USD 40.97 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 8.2% during the 2021-2028 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with the product witnessing a negative demand shock across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a decline of 4% in 2020.
Physical vapor deposition is a coating technique performed under vacuum conditions. It involves processes such as evaporation, transportation, reaction, and deposition at the atomic level. The process is environmentally friendly and is used to enhance the surface properties of inorganic or organic substrates.
Diversified application of PVD in electronics, automotive, medical, and other end-use industries is driving the growth of the market. Also, the expansion activities of leading key players support the growth of the market in emerging economies. For instance, in April 2021, Oerlikon Balzers expanded its coating operations in Asia with its first customer center in Vietnam. The company has strategically invested in expanding its presence in the growing Asian market.
Supply Chain Interruptions amid COVID-19 to Hamper Market Growth
Owing to the production disruption in key end-use industries, the demand for all categories went down significantly during 2020. As the PVD industry does not fall under essential services, it experienced a negative impact on the year-on-year growth rate due to decreased demand from key applications such as electronics, solar components, cutting tools, and others.
As the PVD equipment manufacturing, material supplying, and coating services are labor-intensive processes. The complete and partial lockdown in most of the key consuming and supplying countries resulted in workforce unavailability, raw material shortage, and trade restrictions.
Key coating suppliers such as Impact Coatings AB reported delays in coating deliveries due to travel restrictions, quarantine rules, and other constraints. However, such companies adopt mitigation strategies such as meetings through video conferences, managing local company representatives under COVID-19 safety guidelines. The still going pandemic is limiting the growth of the market in 2021. However, with the collective efforts of suppliers and regional governments to normalize the operations, the key market is expected to recover slowly in the coming years.
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Focus on Eco-friendly Coating Processes to Aid Market Growth
The physical vapor deposition process is environmentally friendly. The coating process does not create any hazardous waste compared to other types of coating, such as electroplating or painting. The possibility of releasing toxic material into the environment is very low. Moreover, PVD-coated products last longer, which reduces the risk of solid waste generation and indirectly helps keep the environment clean.
This process uses environmentally safe materials such as chromium nitride (CrN) and titanium nitride (TiN). Such material can also be coated on top of corrosion-resistant electroplating, enhancing the decorative & wear-resistant finish. Thus, this deposition offers superior performance characteristics without the risk of environmental hazards.
With the increasing importance of defining sustainable goals, consumers and manufacturers are shifting their preferences toward eco-friendly materials & processes. For instance, Kloeckner Metals has installed physical vapor processes on their new equipment, which offers a great way to reduce the company’s environmental footprint. Many other companies have started using PVD over other non-eco-friendly alternatives to meet sustainable goals. Therefore, these initiatives are expected to bode well for the global physical vapor deposition market growth during the forecast period.
Increasing Adoption of Digitization Solutions to Propel Market Growth
Over the years, digitization has played an important role in shaping economies by creating new business opportunities and productivity gains. Sectors with a higher level of digitization demonstrated productivity growth. Sectors such as media, finance, travel, healthcare, retail, and manufacturing have adopted digitization to improve connectivity and establish a resilient value chain.
With the favorable growth of these end-use industries, the Electronics System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM) industry is expected to grow significantly during the forecast period. The rising importance of artificial intelligence, machine learning is creating enormous demand for electronic goods across the world.
Physical vapor deposition technology is playing an important role in enhancing the performance of electronic components. For instance, in the automotive industry, the transparent & thin nature of the coating allows light and electromagnetic waves to pass through the coated components. It is vital to integrate multi-sensor technology in the latest generation of cars. It also plays a key role in improving the aesthetics and safety features of electronic components in the vehicle.
In both developed and emerging economies, huge investments by public & private stakeholders backed by strong policy support and continuous rising demand for electronic products are expected to contribute to the growth of the global market.
High Services Cost & Fluctuating Raw Material Prices to Limit the Market Growth
Some of the processes operate at relatively higher temperatures and under a vacuum. Thus, special attention and a technically skilled workforce are required to attain the expected results. The high temperature involves the provision of cooling water systems to channel large heat loads. Such factors significantly improve the overall service cost. Thus, the higher cost sometimes limits the adoption of this technology more than its alternative technologies.
Fluctuating prices of common materials used in these coatings such as chromium, zirconium, aluminum, and titanium is limiting the growth of raw material suppliers and service providers. The operating cost of physical vapor deposition coating includes material, electricity, common gases (such as nitrogen and argon), and periodic maintenance. The material represents the highest consumable cost. Thus, the fluctuating raw material prices directly affect the profit margin for small & medium scaled suppliers.
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PVD Equipment Segment to Dominate the Global Market
Based on category, the global physical vapor deposition market is segmented into equipment, material, and services. The equipment refers to thin film deposition devices used for thermal evaporation, sputter deposition, and arc vapor deposition. They are used in various industries across the globe. Asia-Pacific is expected to witness the fastest growth, followed by North America and Europe. Equipment such as thin film deposition is used in various applications on solar products, microelectronics, data storage, medical, and other applications. Owing to thickness, uniformity, reflectivity, and adhesion, thin film deposition is projected to gain traction in different end-use industries.
PVD materials are titanium, aluminum, zirconium, stainless steel, copper, & gold (for specific applications). These materials can be applied to various substrates, including nylon, plastics, glass, ceramics, and metals, across different applications. The material provides abrasion and corrosion resistance, wear resistance, conductivity, and barrier protection. Also, the eco-friendly nature of the material is aiding the growth of this segment in the global market.
The PVD services segment is the fastest-growing category in the global market. Coating services are used in different industries because they are environmentally friendly and wear-resistant. Companies are conducting constant research to find new applications of coatings and improve product performance. For instance, Australian start-up Plasmakote offers thin-film coatings called ABACO. It possesses unique antibacterial properties that prevent the growth of bacteria on the deposited surface. Thus, the presence of such innovative products is expected to positively impact the growth of the services segment during the forecast period.
Microelectronics Segment Held the Largest Market Share in 2020
On the basis of application, the market is segmented into data storage, microelectronics, solar products, cutting tools, medical equipment, and others.
The global market is dominated by the microelectronics segment, which accounted for more than one-third of the global market value in 2020. Microelectronics is a subfield of electronics, and PVD processes are used in device fabrication and seed layers for plating. These coatings are hard, homogeneous, and possess high-temperature durability and excellent abrasion strength, which advances microelectronics performance. The microelectronics market is growing at a significant rate across the globe. China, India, Japan, the United States, Germany, and Brazil are the key economies to augment the growth of this segment.
The Increasing usage of smartphones in urban and rural areas, growth in innovative technologies, and the rising e-commerce sector are some of the major factors driving the growth of the data storage segment. The growing demand for data analytics by all manufacturing & service industries fuels the demand for data storage devices.
PVD is widely used in solar products such as solar panels, solar cells, and others. The increasing adoption of solar energy as a clean energy source is expected to propel the demand for solar products in the near future. Thus, increasing usage of solar panels and solar cells paves the way for the growth of the market for physical vapor deposition.
The PVD-coated cutting tools last longer, which decreases cycle time and saves considerable energy. Such coated tools provide resilience power and avoid wear-outs & replacements. These tools can be operated at higher temperatures with less cutting fluid. This, in turn, reduces total production costs.
The medical equipment segment is expected to grow at the fastest rate during the forecast period. Coatings improve performance and extend the life of medical equipment. PVD is widely used to deposit wear-resistant thin-film coatings on various medical equipment, including surgical instruments, orthopedic implants, orthodontic appliances, pacemakers, dental instruments, etc. Several types of medical equipment are primarily manufactured in the United States, China, Germany, India, Japan, and other developed countries. Such economies are expected to drive the market during the forecast period.
The other segment includes PVD applications on decorative films, optical frames, home decor, consumer goods, and other metal applications. Owing to the PVD properties, there is a high demand for the applications mentioned above. Various companies are carrying out continuous research for identifying new applications for equipment and coatings.
Asia Pacific Physical Vapor Deposition Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific accounted for the largest physical vapor deposition market share in 2020, followed by North America & Europe.
The size of the market in Asia Pacific was USD 10.25 billion in 2020. The region is projected to showcase exponential growth during the forecast period on account of the fastest growth of PVD end-use industries. China is the leading consumer due to increasing applications in solar products, medical equipment, and others. The region is dominant, with many players possessing a major market share, and few new players are expected to enter the market. It will further boost the growth of the market in the region.
India, Japan, and South Korea witness significant growth due to increasing demand for medical equipment and the growth of industrial sectors. PVD coatings are among the fastest-growing products due to the increasing demand for decorative coatings across various industries and environmentally friendly benefits.
North America is one of the largest consumers of these technologies, materials, and services globally. The United States is a leading contributor to market growth due to technological advancement and well-established supply chains. Physical vapor deposition is significantly used in medical equipment, cutting tools, and solar products, further accelerating the market's growth. Moreover, the presence of giant medical equipment manufacturers & microelectronics in the U.S. led to strong demand & steady growth of services. The innovative coatings products have benefited the end-use industries in achieving sustainable goals along with significant cost savings.
The market in Europe is dominated by countries such as Germany, France, the UK, Italy, and Spain. Central and Eastern European countries are expected to provide growth opportunities compared to Western Europe due to developments and expansion of economies. Medical equipment, solar products, microelectronics, etc., are applications with the highest market share in the region. The increasing industrial and manufacturing sector cutting tools segment is also expected to witness significant growth in the market. Major manufacturers in Europe are Hauzer Techno Coatings, MBRAUN Vacuum Deposition, Avatec, Kolzer, Horiba, Chem Europe, and others. Thus, the market in the region is consolidated with different players.
The market in Latin America is anticipated to showcase a steady growth rate due to its increasing application in solar products, medical equipment, cutting tools, and others. Latin American countries suffered economic challenges in recent years, which also impacted the end-use industries of the market. However, the recent resurgence in the Latin American healthcare industry has led to growth opportunities in the region. Healthcare spending in Brazil is growing at a healthy rate of more than 5%. Increasing private & government investment in developing resilient healthcare, medical equipment & pharmaceuticals infrastructure in the country is expected to create a positive environment for the market for physical vapor deposition
The Middle East & Africa is a relatively small markets and accounted for decent growth in the global market. GCC accounted for a significant share in the consumption on the back of its infrastructure and high-income-generating businesses. Also, these countries have some of the best medical device manufacturing, and solar energy generation plants, which positively affects the market.
In GCC, Saudi Arabia and UAE are the key contributors to the growth of the market. The increasing consumer electronics industry, automotive manufacturing, and solar product manufacturing propel the demand for these technologies in the region. Also, the regional governments are making continuous efforts in shaping the economy from the oil base to other manufacturing & service industries. This, in turn, is expected to positively impact the growth of the market in GCC countries.
In Africa, South Africa is expected to register the fastest growth in the market. The steadily growing healthcare, automotive, and manufacturing sector in South Africa is driving the services and equipment growth. However, countries such as Ghana, Namibia, Kenya, and Nigeria witness slow but steady growth due to the slow growth of end-use industries. Most of the sectors are import-driven. Thus usage of PVD is limited in these countries. Solar energy is being generated at a slower pace compared to other countries. Thus the usage of solar products is moderate. Due to such factors, the market is under-developing in many African countries, representing potential opportunities for the growth of the market. Moreover, the growing population in the region is projected to fuel demand for portable electronics and consecutively services in the region.
Leading Players to Focus on Merger & Acquisition to Garner Their Market Presence
With the increasing demand for sustainable coating processes, the competition among key physical vapor deposition suppliers has increased over time. The companies are focusing on acquiring small-scale & local coating suppliers to penetrate the local market. For instance, Oerlikon Balzers acquired the coating businesses of D-Coat GmbH in 2020 and AMT AG & TeroLab Surface GmbH in 2019. The company is expanding its footprint across the European market to offer advanced coating services for surface treatment. Also, companies such as Dynavac, and Denton Vacuum are investing in establishing strong coating manufacturing and service facilities.
An Infographic Representation of Physical vapour deposition (PVD) Market
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The global physical vapor deposition market research report provides both qualitative & quantitative insights on this market. Quantitative insights include the global market sizing in terms of value (USD Billion) across regions, types, and applications profiled in the scope of the study. Also, the report covers market share analysis and growth rates of segments, sub-segments, and key countries across each region. Qualitative insights cover an elaborative analysis of market drivers, restraints, growth opportunities, and key market trends related to the market. The competitive landscape section covers the detailed profiling of the key players operating in the PVD industry.
Value (USD Billion)
By Category; By Application; and By Geography
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 22.43 billion in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 40.97 billion by 2028.
Registering a CAGR of 8.2%, the market will exhibit moderate growth during the forecast period.
The equipment segment is expected to be the leading segment in the market during the forecast period.
The increasing demand from the medical devices manufacturing industry is the key factor propelling the market growth.
Intevac, Advanced Energy Industries, Inc., Oerlikon Balzers, AJA International, Inc. Dynavac, Impact Coatings AB, and Angstrom Engineering, Inc. are some of the leading players in the market.
Asia Pacific dominated the global market share in 2020.
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