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The global plastic waste management market size stood at USD 32.91 billion in 2019 and is expected to reach USD 41.58 billion by 2027, growing a CAGR of 3.1% during the forecast period.
In general, the accumulation of used plastic objects in the environment is defined as plastic waste. Over 50% of the plastic produced around the world is used for single-serve purposes. Such plastic is non-degradable and can remain intact over a long period when discarded. Improper treatment of plastic waste results in serious environmental and human health issues. Plastic releases harmful chemicals and can easily pollute land and water resources. Marine species consume plastic trash and through the food chain, when humans consume these species, it leads to immune disorders, birth defects, or cancer. Therefore, with increasing consumption of plastic products, adoption of this waste management technique for plastics has become a necessity.
Outbreak of covid-19 has significant impact on growth of the global market. The year-on-year growth rate is estimated to decline for this year as compared to historic years due to supply chain disruption. Therefore, the market is expected to grow at lower CAGR during this year.
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New Innovations in Waste Treatment to Boost Market Growth
Technological innovations such as Machine Learning (ML) and big data are setting up new growth opportunities in plastic waste management. These technologies are capable of saving time as well as enable efficient resource planning. This in turn would reduce the overall cost of operation. Also, ocean plastic trash identification through satellites could point out the exact location of concentrated areas. Using such technologies, companies are saving their time & resources to collect plastic trash.
Exciting Initiatives by Leading Players to Fuel the Market
Many leading global companies operating across the plastic value chain have joined their hands together to end plastic pollution. For instance, in January 2019, over 30 global companies established a new global ‘Alliance to End Plastic Waste’ in London to eliminate plastic pollution, especially plastic entering into oceans. This alliance has committed an investment of US$ 1.5 billion over the next five years. Moreover, it has developed a global vision and thorough strategies to tackle this issue. These strategies include four key areas such as infrastructure development, innovative technologies for plastic waste management, education & engagement at all levels of communities, and cleaning up existing concentrated plastic polluted areas. Such initiatives are encouraging the adoption of plastic waste management services to achieve the goal of eliminating plastic pollution in the future.
High Operating Cost of Plastic Waste Management is a Key Challenge for Market Growth
Plastic waste management is a complex process and requires high capital investment to efficiently operate the various tasks, including waste collection and disposal. Moreover, it requires skilled and highly motivated laborers to process the waste. This in turn further increases the operating costs and affects profit margins. However, with increasing adoption of latest technologies, the impact of this restraint is expected to become less over the forecast period.
Industrial Waste Segment to Remain the Largest Plastic Waste Source in the Plastic Waste Management Market
Based on source, the market is segmented into industrial waste and municipal waste. Among these, industrial waste is the largest and fastest-growing segment in the market. Industries are considered as largest source of plastic waste. The growth of this segment is mainly attributed to the rapid industrialization in the developing economies. Due to strict environmental regulations, it is mandatory for manufacturing industries to dispose plastic waste properly. Moreover, plastic recycling is playing an important role to achieve economically and environmentally sustainable goals.
Municipal plastic waste contains plastic waste mainly generated from households & commercial estates. The growth of this segment is highly dependent on separation of plastic waste from other municipal solid waste. However, increasing population and rapid urbanization is creating lucrative opportunities for the growth of this segment over the forecast period. The World Bank estimated that municipal plastic waste accounted for 12% share in global plastic waste generation in terms of volume.
Polyethylene Segment Dominated the Global Market in 2019
Based on material, the market is categorized into polyethylene, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polystyrene, and others. Polyethylene is the largest produced and consumed polymer across the world. HDPE, LDPE, & LLDPE together accounted for over 35% share in terms of consumption, followed by polypropylene. Due to robust performance properties, polyethylene is widely adopted in different end-use industries such as packaging, construction, and electronics, among others. Therefore, increasing demand for polyethylene by these end-use industries is expected to drive the dominance of the segment in this market share. Also, the segment is projected to register higher growth rate during the forecast period.
Packaging Segment Held Major Share in the Global Market
Based on product type, this market is categorized into packaging, construction, automotive, electrical & electronics, and others. Among these, packaging accounted for the largest revenue share in 2019. Owing to increasing adoption of plastic for the production of packaging products, the segment is projected to be the fastest growing with a CAGR of 3.4% during the forecast period. In order to avoid increasing plastic pollution, most of the packaging manufacturers are shifting their preferences towards sustainable plastic packaging solutions. This in turn is expected to boost demand for plastic waste recycling processes during the forecast period.
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Collection Segment to Account for the Major Market Share
Based on treatment method, the market is categorized into collection, recycling, and disposal. Among these, the collection segment accounted for the largest revenue share in the market in 2019. Collection of plastic waste is a complex process and accounts for high operating cost. The selection of optimized processes and proper use of resources play an important role in the plastic waste collection process.
Disposal segment held the second largest share in the market. The segment is further divided into landfilling and incineration. Among these, landfilling held the largest market share in 2019. Landfilling is a widely adopted plastic waste management method in many countries, except European countries. Properly landfilled plastic waste has potential to be used in recreational activities.
Asia Pacific Plastic Waste Management Market Size, 2019 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific accounted for the largest revenue share in the market in 2019. Also, the region is projected to be the fastest growing at a CAGR of 4.0% during the forecast period. Increasing per capita plastic waste generation and rapid urbanization & industrialization are key driving factors boosting the need for this type of waste management for plastics in Asia Pacific. China is the largest contributor to the plastic waste generation, accounting for more than 60% share. India is expected to register fastest growth in the regional market during the forecast period. Implementation of strict environmental policies and high collection rates of plastic waste are driving the plastic waste management market growth in developed countries such as Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. However, lack of proper collection & management and existence of ‘throw away culture’ represents key challenges for growth of the market in the developing economies of Asia Pacific.
North America accounted for the second-largest revenue share in the global market. The region is a well-established market in terms of collection & treatment. Large presence of solid waste management companies and their distribution network is the key growth factor for the North America market. Within the region, the U.S. accounted for the largest share in 2019 and the region is projected to grow at a rate of 2.4% over the forecast period. The U.S. is one of the largest producers of plastic waste in the world. Despite higher collection rates, the plastic recycling rate in the United States is less at around 9-10%.
Europe accounted for the third largest share in the market in 2019. In Europe, most of the collected plastic waste is utilized for energy generation. The adoption of the new ‘Circular Economy Action Plan’ and ‘The European Green Deal’ are projected to have significant impact on growth of this market in Europe. The European Green Deal provides a roadmap for boosting the circular economy, restoring biodiversity, and cutting down pollution. Germany held the largest market share in 2019. Owing to high per capita plastic waste generation, Germany is expected to maintain its dominance over the forecast period.
The plastic waste management market report provides both qualitative & quantitative insights on the waste management processes and practices for plastics across the world. Quantitative insights include market sizing in terms of value (US$ Billion) across each segment, sub-segment, and region profiled in the scope of study. Also, it provides market share analysis and growth rates of segment, sub-segment and key counties across each region. Qualitative insight covers elaborative analysis of market drivers, restraints, growth opportunities, and key trends related to the market. Competitive landscape section covers detailed company profiling of the key players operating in the plastic waste management industry.
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Value (USD Billion)
By Product Type
By Treatment Method
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 32.91 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 41.58 billion by 2027.
Growing at a CAGR of 3.1%, the market will exhibit significant growth in the forecast period (2020-2027).
The industrial waste segment is expected to be the leading segment in this market during the forecast period.
Increasing initiatives by leading companies and strict government regulations for plastic waste treatment are the key factors driving the market.
Asia Pacific held the highest market share in 2019
Key players operating in the market are Waste Management Inc., SUEZ Group, Veolia Environment S.A., Biffa PLC, Clean Harbors Inc., Covanta Holdings Corporation, Hitachi Zosen Corporation, Remondis AG & Co. Kg, Republic Services Inc., Stericycle Inc., ALBA Group, Recology, TANA Oy, and Envac Group.
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