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The global steel wire market size was USD 65.17 billion in 2022 and is expected to grow from USD 68.89 billion in 2023 to USD 102.36 billion in 2030 at a CAGR of 5.8% during the forecast period.
Steel wire is used to provide reinforcement and improve structural strength. It possesses several advantageous properties, such as resistance to deformation, shock and wear resistance, high bearing capacity, and rust and corrosion resistance. Fusing steel wires with different materials has found applications in multiple industries. The growing construction industry and infrastructure investment are expected to boost steel wire market growth during the forecast period. Increasing demand for products, such as wire ropes and strands, is anticipated to create several opportunities for the market as they are used in several construction and mining applications.
Increased Operating Cost and Raw Material Shortage Caused by COVID-19 Hindered Market Growth
Since the outbreak of COVID-19, many countries imposed restrictions on material distribution and transportation, affecting the value chain of steel wire manufacturers. For the first half of 2020, the manufacturers faced a supply shortage due to trade restrictions in crucial industrial nations, including China and India. End-use industries were severely impacted during the pandemic due to labor and raw materials shortages, supply chain disruptions, and strict government regulation. This, in turn, decreased the consumption in these industries even further. Several manufacturers witnessed increased operating costs as medical and worker’s compensation costs increased. The shortage of laborers post-pandemic due to increasing competition in the labor market resulted in high operating costs.
Increasing Demand for Infrastructure Developments Expansion and Technological Advancements is the Key Trend
Many emerging markets are experiencing rapid urbanization due to increased migration to urban cities. Steel wire consumption is increasing as a result of the respective countries’ increased investment in the construction sector. Massive infrastructure development spending, attributed to overall national growth, has prompted the demand. Infrastructure projects, such as bridges, tunnels, sewers, electrical grids, and roads, require these wires for construction.
Incorporating steel-based wire with different materials or sizes has been used for a long time. The rising technological advancements in the automotive, construction, and mining industries are paving a path for different alloys and creating opportunities for market growth. For instance, it is used in suspended bridges to support the load, and the load imparted on the bridge is translated into tension in the steel cables. These suspended steel cables can endure difficult conditions and have high tensile strength, increased load-bearing capacities, and flexibility.
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Rising Demand from the Automotive Industry to Propel Market Growth
Steel wire is largely consumed in the automotive industry, as it is used to reinforce tire beads. It is a widely used material in the automotive industry to impart performance, durability, and safety for windshields and other components. In the automotive industry, these wires are used as strands of wire twisted together to form a helix structure that is further used in manufacturing lines, hoists, and various cranes.
This wire plays a crucial role in wire rope isolators in military vehicles. Wire rope isolators are produced to withstand heavy vibrations and shocks to resist the extreme environment. Such functionality makes them ideal for military vehicles, such as jeeps, tanks, and aircraft exposed to rough terrain or explosions.
The Electric Vehicle (EV) industry is growing at a significant growth rate. An electric wire harness is one such critical component used in EVs. The need for the wire harness, supplied by auto component manufacturers, is used three times more in EVs compared with conventional ICE vehicles. Thus, the demand for EVs is expected to increase production volume for companies operating in the cables and wires (C&W) segment. The growing EV industry is anticipated to bolster steel wire consumption during the forecasted period.
Availability of Substitutes to Stifle Market Growth
The primary factor impeding market expansion is the availability of substitutes, such as plastic and hybrid ropes. Plastic ropes significantly impact steel rope consumption, given the advancements in plastic materials. Plastic ropes are less flexible than wire ropes, which prevent industrial injury as even after operational breaking, they fall back to the ground without snapping back.
Some small-scale businesses are switching to plastic ropes. Plastic ropes offer advantages, including reduced product weight and less manufacturing waste. Factors, such as cost-effectiveness and sustainability have also influenced this decision. The mining industry's plastic rope demand increased due to its superior performance. Several wire rope manufacturers provide customized plastic ropes to cater to the demand for crucial tasks in the mining industry.
Adopting plastic ropes has improved machine stability and maintenance. The usage of plastic ropes hampers the market as plastic ropes are being used in mobile cranes, providing improved lifting, cheaper maintenance costs, and lifting efficiency.
Rising Adoption of Carbon Steel in Construction, Automotive, and Energy Sectors to Boost Segment Growth
Based on grade, the market is segmented into carbon steel, stainless steel, and alloy steel. The carbon steel segment accounted for the largest market share due to its exceptional properties, such as high wear resistance, hardness, strength, and toughness. Carbon steel is mainly used in cutting tools, springs, high-strength wires, and dies. Low-carbon steel is a popular choice for strength wires and wire rods owing to its higher ductility. Carbon steel grade wires exhibit exceptional strength and thus are used in automotive and construction applications.
Stainless steel is used in many applications, including construction, industrial equipment, cookware, and surgical instruments due to its properties, including resistance to corrosion, strength, and durability. Stainless steel grade wire is used in manufacturing spring wires that find application in vehicle coil springs, lawn mower parts, and aircraft gears. Supporting government initiatives to boost the demand for electronic products is anticipated to fuel product demand.
Alloyed steel-grade wires are used for energy-related applications owing to their exceptional properties, such as corrosion resistance and machinability. The rising demand for custom-made materials suitable for specific applications has significantly aided the market growth.
Construction Industry Held a Leading Share Owing to Rising Product Use in Infrastructure Development
In terms of the end-use industry, the market is segmented into automotive, construction, energy, agriculture, and others.
The construction segment held a leading steel wire market share in 2022 owing to the increasing adoption of carbon steel wires, ropes, and wire rods for additional infrastructure support and for carrying heavy machinery, equipment, and materials used in construction. Growing construction activities supported by rapid industrialization in emerging countries are expected to drive market growth.
Automotive manufacturers increasingly use steel wires in automotive structures and parts owing to their easy processing and characteristics, such as ductility, high tensile strength, and corrosion resistance. The rising disposable income of consumers, increasing technological advancements, and innovations in the automotive industry will drive segment growth.
The energy sector has been one of the thriving sectors for the last few decades. These wires are predominantly used in manufacturing transmission, steel core wires, overhead power lines, and ground wires for wind power. Continuously growing energy demand and technological advancements in the energy sector are expected to surge the use of wires to store and transmit energy. Growing demand from the energy sector is one of the factors driving the segment’s market growth.
Technological advancements in farming and related techniques and adopting new crop cultivation and protection methods for better yields, are expected to drive the market growth.
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Asia Pacific Steel Wire Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)
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The market in Asia Pacific was valued at USD 42.09 billion in 2022. Asia Pacific is estimated to hold the largest market share during the forecast period and is the fastest-growing region owing to the presence of major steel-producing nations, such as China, India, and Japan. The rapidly growing automotive industry is fueling the region's product consumption for component manufacturing. Furthermore, the demand for steel wire is rising due to construction and machinery applications.
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Increasing construction activities, including renovation and restoration of residential and commercial spaces, is one of the prime factors driving the demand in North America. The presence of a large consumer base and substantial demand from end-use sectors resulted in higher consumption.
Europe is a well-established automotive market. Germany, a key manufacturer of automobiles in Europe has consolidated the product demand. The market growth in the region is driven by the rising industrialization and urbanization activities in developing economies and the growth of the construction and automotive industries. Moreover, increasing environmental awareness has led to the adoption of recyclable materials, such as stainless steel.
Latin America is a swiftly advancing region with urbanization and technological advancements. Mining is one of the important sectors contributing to the region's GDP. The rising number of mining and mineral exploration activities in countries, such as Brazil is anticipated to propel market growth during the forecast period.
The Middle East & Africa is anticipated to grow significantly during the forecast period. The rising demand for transmission and ground wires owing to the growing energy industry in the Middle East is anticipated to boost market growth.
Key Players are Focusing on Reducing CO2 Emissions and Acquisitions of Domestic Producers
Most of the producers in the market have a global presence. Several companies operate under their parent holding companies. For instance, Heico Companies’ Metal Processing Group offers steel wire and stranded wire products under National Strand Products LP, Sivaco Inc., National Standard, and Davis Wire Corporation.
Several manufacturers are taking the initiative to reduce CO2 emissions to achieve sustainability goals. For instance, Nippon Steel Corporation has invested a significant amount toward sustainability by adopting the Carbon Neutral Vision 2050. Nippon Steel has targeted to reduce 30% or more carbon emissions by 2030 compared with 2013 and to become carbon neutral by the end of 2050.
An Infographic Representation of Steel Wire Market
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The research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on crucial aspects, such as leading companies, end-use industry, and grades. Also, the report offers insights into market trends and dynamics, highlighting vital industry developments. In addition to the insights mentioned above, the report encompasses various factors driving the growth of the market in recent years.
Value (USD Billion), Volume (Kiloton)
CAGR of 5.8% during 2023-2030
By Grade, End-use Industry, and Region
By End-use Industry
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 65.17 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 102.36 billion by 2030.
In 2022, the market size stood at USD 65.17 billion.
Growing at a CAGR of 5.8%, the market will exhibit significant growth during the forecast period (2023-2030).
The construction segment is the leading segment based on the end-use industry.
Increasing infrastructure spending and construction activity is the key factor driving the market growth.
Asia Pacific held the highest market in 2022.
ArcelorMittal S.A., Kobe Steel LTD., Bridon-Bekaert Ropes Group (BBRG), JFE Steel Corporation, and Nippon Steel Corporation are a few of the leading players in the global market.
Technological advancement in associated products is the key trend leading to market growth.
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