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The U.S. electrical naval actuators market size was valued at USD 738.4 million in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 735.9 million in 2023 to USD 816.0 million by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 1.49% during the forecast period.
A naval ship actuator is a moving mechanical part of a machine that serves as the control part of the ship's system. This mechanical part is externally powered by an energy source, which converts this energy into controlled motion, known as type linear and rotary actuators. Control motion can be either linear to rotary or rotary to linear. Electric linear actuators bring several advantages to the marine industry as they are the best solution for effectively handling passages, hatches, and watertight and fire doors.
The emergence of new technologies, such as high-power radars and long-range targeting systems on the naval front, is pushing nations to modernize and improve their naval capabilities. Since actuators and valves form a critical part of all naval vessel subsystems, introducing new naval vessels creates parallel demands on actuators and valves to ensure system performance according to specifications. The growing popularity of advanced joint combat systems for naval use is expected to open up new opportunities for the expansion of the U.S. electrical naval actuators market share.
COVID-19 Negatively Impacted the U.S. Market
The COVID-19 pandemic temporarily impacted the U.S. market in 2020 and 2021.The pandemic affected the global economy in three main domains:
To prevent COVID-19 spread, several manufacturing facilities were closed for a brief period of time. The low production and disruption in supply chains resulted in a sluggish year-on-year growth rate, mostly during 2020-2022.
However, the U.S. witnessed increased military expenditure in 2020 & 2021. According to an analysis by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), global military spending increased by 2.6% in 2020 to reach USD 1,981 million. Limited naval activities had indirectly reduced the demand for electrical naval actuators, shipbuilding, and maintenance delays.
Russia-Ukraine War Positively Impacts the U.S. Market
Amid Russia-Ukraine war, the U.S. Navy has reprioritized its naval deployment, including NATO naval fleets in response to Russian aggression. As a part of counter-offensive deployment to mitigate the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the U.S. Navy, NATO naval fleets, and carrier groups have been deployed since March 2022. The U.S. has deployed four Arleigh Burke Class Aegis-based destroyers, USS Harry S. Truman and USS George H. W. Bush CSGs (Carrier Strike Groups).
The U.S. Navy has prioritized its shipbuilding plan for the next three decades as per the U.S. Navy Shipbuilding Plan. According to FY2023 Shipbuilding Plan Report, the Navy estimates planned purchases of new ships between 2023 and 2052, which would cost USD 23 million to USD 25 million per year on an average. According to the reports, submarine construction and procurement of spare parts, subsystems, and components would consume a large share of the shipbuilding expenditure provided to the U.S. Navy by its four shipyards.
Demand for RDT&E in Electro-Mechanical Actuators to Meet Strict Acoustic Requirements to Push Market Forward
According to the 2018 NAVSEA Warfare Centers Report on Technical Capabilities, the U.S. Navy has assessed the design capability for naval propulsion systems onboard the Navy’s manned surface and subsurface vehicle platforms such as large and small surface combatants, submarines, and unmanned vehicles for performance enhancements in propulsion systems through replacement of conventional actuators by electro-mechanical actuators and valves.
The systems and subsystems are required to reduce surface and subsurface acoustic signatures to address the stealth capabilities of the existing and next-generation U.S. naval fleet. These systems are required to meet the mission capabilities requirements such as efficiency, productivity, size, weight, and acoustic signatures. Silencing concepts and products are developed due to missing conditions coupled with existing technology, materials, components, and cost considerations. Advanced materials and components are critical to reducing the signature significantly.
The U.S. Navy has been emphasizing the research, development, testing, and evaluation of electro-mechanical quiet technology for stealth technology for its existing and next-generation naval vessels and unmanned systems as a part of mission requirements. This development is anticipated to drive the U.S. electrical naval actuators market growth during 2023-2030, owing to high demand for electro-mechanical actuators in the naval shipbuilding programs.
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Robust Demand for Advanced Actuators & Valves and Advancing Naval Technology to Foster Market Development
According to the U.S. Navy, Moog Inc. bagged a contract worth USD 33.8 million to provide more than 1,000 electrical naval actuators for the next-generation Virginia Class submarines. The contract is a part of the multi-year Block IV plan by General Dynamics Electric Boats and another Newport News Shipbuilding by 2023. This development is anticipated to drive market growth during the forecast period.
According to the U.S. Department of Defense 2023 Future Years Defense Shipbuilding Programs, the U.S. Navy is anticipated to purchase six large unmanned surface vessels during 2025-2027. According to Congressional Budget Office, the Navy may procure 24 Large Unmanned Surface Vessels (LUSV) through Alternative 1 & 2 and 30 LUSV under Alternative 3. The U.S. Navy has reached out to market players to supply advanced electrical naval actuators to enhance the efficiency and performance of the next-generation naval vessels and actuators.
Federal Naval Shipbuilding Programs and Recurring Demand in Existing Fleets to Propel the U.S. Market Growth
According to the 2023 U.S. Navy Shipbuilding Plan Report, underwater vessels will be used as sensor platforms and adjunct missile magazines to complement conventional surface and underwater fleets. This development will help the U.S. Navy to deliver multiple payloads at an extended range.
For instance, in December 2022, according to Congressional Research Service Report, the U.S. Navy envisaged Navy DDG(X) Next-Generation Destroyer Program to procure a class of futuristic guided-missile destroyers to replace the aging fleet of USS Ticonderoga Class Aegis-based Cruisers and USS Arleigh Burke Class Aegis-based Destroyers 2030 onwards. The U.S. Navy has requested the proposed USD 195.5 million in FY2023 Budgetary Justifications. The U.S. market growth during the forecast period will be driven by the rise in demand for high-power electrical actuators for performance enhancements of the next-generation naval vessels.
In February 2022, according to the Congressional Research Service Report on Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs, guided-missile destroyers, known as Flight III designs, are being procured under the DDG-51 Program between 2019 and 2022. These destroyers are fitted with advanced radars and naval systems to meet the current operational requirements of the U.S. Navy until the procurement of the lead ship of the DDG-X Program.
According to the U.S. Program Execution Office, the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard have envisioned their future vessel composition, which covers frigates, destroyers, amphibious ships, logistical support ships, unmanned surface and subsea vessels, sea-to-shore connectors, landing crafts, cutters, and integrated combat systems. The aforementioned factors are anticipated to drive the market growth during 2023-2030.
High Rate of Periodic Maintenance Delays to Restrict Market Growth
According to the U.S. Government Accountability Report (GAO) 2021, the U.S. Navy has spent USD 2.8 million to review shipyard performance and other critical parameters involved in shipbuilding. However, naval shipyards continue to face consistent and significant maintenance delays that restrict the operational readiness of the U.S. Navy aircraft carriers and submarine fleets. GAO mentioned that the Navy’s four shipyards have completed 75% of periodic maintenance late for aircraft carriers and submarines during the GAO audit period. Shipyards recorded 7,424 days of maintenance delays.
For each maintenance period late, the naval shipyards delayed the maintenance period by an average of 113 days for aircraft carriers and 225 days for submarines.
Maintenance Delays at Navy Shipyards till F.Y. 2019:
These developments in the U.S. Naval shipyards are anticipated to drive cost overruns and hamper the operational readiness of the U.S. Navy surface and subsea fleet for various naval operations worldwide.
For instance, in August 2020, the U.S. GAO published a report to Congressional Committees on the U.S. Naval shipyards that mentioned the corrective measures required to mitigate periodic maintenance delays for submarines and aircraft carriers.
Destroyers Segment to Rise at Highest CAGR Due to Increased Procurement by Militaries
By platform, the market is divided into aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, Corvettes/Littoral Combat Ship (LCS)/Littoral Combat Ships (LCS), submarines, offshore patrol ships, and others. The destroyers segment is the fastest growing segment as future procurement is promising. The U.S. Navy is procuring destroyers for peacetime presence around the world and for crisis management to power projection and sea control. Due to this the demand is soaring for the segment.
The others segment is projected to hold the largest market share from 2023-2030 due to high demand and procurement of these naval vessels. This segment includes amphibious warships, large surface combatants, small surface combatants, combat logistics units, and support ships.
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Rotary Actuators Segment to Lead the U.S. Naval Actuators Market Owing to Various Benefits
By type, the market is segmented into linear actuators and rotary actuators. Different actuators are used in naval applications depending on the type of actuation. As of 2022, rotary actuators are dominant and lead the entire market by revenue. Rotary actuators are simple in construction and require little effort to operate. They are used in various applications, are fast to operate, and are more reliable than other naval actuators. Due to their ease of use, rotary actuators are preferred over others in naval applications. As a result, the demand for rotary actuators is expected to continue increasing during the forecast period.
Linear Actuators are the fastest growing segment in the market for the period of 2023-2030. The linear motion of a rotating motor is generated by a pneumatic or hydraulic cylinder. There are many other mechanisms that generate linear motion. Due to growing demand and procurement of linear actuators will the market growth. For instance, in June 2022, Exlar has contracted to provide linear actuators to federal electrical company for the federal program.
Surging Actuator Demand in Radar Deployment Operations to Boost Market Growth
By application, the market is divided into valves & actuation, propulsion system valve control, weapons handling & release system, carrier flight deck operations, radar deployment operations, navigation systems, and others. The radar deployment operations segment is projected to be the fastest growing segment in the market from 2023 to 2030. The growth is due to increased demand for radars, such as precision radars, which used as missile detection system on naval vessel.
Aircraft carrier flight deck operations are built into many naval vessels and cargo ships and require the assistance of actuators and valves to function correctly. For example, a control system that is part of radar deployment operations uses the ship's actuators to function properly. The optical landing system, the Fresnel lens optical landing system "FLOLS", and the guidance system form the aircraft carrier's flight deck operations.
Surging Electro-Mechanical Actuators Demand in Robust Robotics Systems to Boost Market Growth
By system, the market is divided into electrical actuators, electro-mechanical actuators, electrohydraulic actuators, and others. The electro-mechanical actuators segment is dominant segment in the market for the year 2022. Electro-mechanical actuators contribute the maximum share in the market due to their high demand and its best performing motions for different applications. For Instance, in May 2022, VSSC (Indian Space Research Organization) awarded a contract to Hical for Electromechanical Actuators for thrust vector control applications of their PSLV, GSLV, and GSLVMk3 satellite launch vehicles. Electro-mechanical drives are mechanical drives where the control knob or handle is replaced by an electric motor.
The electrohydraulic actuators segment is the fastest growing segment in 2023-3030 period. Electrohydraulic actuators are devices that actuate a valve through pressurized hydraulic fluid, but their primary power source is purely electrical. Due to growing demand and procurement of electrohydraulic actuators will boost the market growth. For instance, in June 2022, Navy Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) Philadelphia Division received its first OTA (Other Transaction Authority) contract to design, develop, and deliver a Small Actuator Test Stand for Electrohydraulic Actuator Assessments through MSTIC.
Increased Use of Drives in Naval Vessel Components Driving the Market Growth
By component, the market is divided into cylinders, drives, servo valves, manifolds, and others. The drives segment holds the largest share in the market as most modern naval ships use either slow two-stroke drives, crosshead engines, or medium-speed four-stroke hull engines. Some smaller naval ships may use high-speed diesel engines.
The manifolds segment is projected to be the fastest growing segment in the market from 2023 to 2030. Underfloor Heating Manifolds regulate the flow of liquid through the system to achieve an even temperature across the entire floor. Manifolds are at the heart of the UFH system. They are the connection between the supply line and the return line. Each manifold is composed of a flow manifold and a return manifold. Each manifold has a flow meter on which the flow rate is measured. Each loop has a valve that opens and closes. The actuator valve controls the valve on the manifold, which in turn controls the thermostat in your smart room. So, due to its complex performing ability, the manifolds segment demand raised in the market.
The Department of Defense's 2020 budget includes provisions for USD 205.6 billion to be allocated to the U.S. Navy. The budget allocation showed 5.08% increase compared to the Navy budget allocation for the fiscal year 2019. Electrical naval actuators are supported by the U.S. Navy's procurement of advanced weapons to ensure domestic peace and security and to achieve military dominance in the region. They have invested in significant technological capabilities in the domestic development of multiple weapons systems to increase military strength across the domain further. In 2014 and 2018, the U.S. increased its share of total arms exports to 36% of global arms sales. The country meets the demands of its military partners for advanced weapons such as guided and ballistic missiles, armed unmanned aerial vehicles, submarines, and surface ships. In the fiscal year 2020 budget, the U.S. Navy estimates the combined cost of procuring three of DDG-51 guided-missile destroyers at USD 5.463 billion.
For instance, in April 2018, the Navy announced plans to extend the service life of all DDG-51s to 45 years. In March 2019, the U.S. Navy announced plans for its 355-ship fleet. In addition to new acquisitions, platform modernization is a focus of the U.S. Navy's plans to achieve its fleet size by 2034. Moreover, in October 2019, the U.S. Navy awarded Serco a five-year IDIQ contract to provide technical systems engineering services for the Submarine High Data Rate (SubHDR) program. Under this program, Serco will provide SubHDR Antenna Pedestal Group (APG) repairs and overhauls. This development also includes evaluation and repair services for associated sub-components. Such introduction programs and MRO programs are designed to surge the demand for actuators and valves in the region as well as facilitate and enable seamless integration with other control systems installed in the Navy's fleet.
Large Companies are Focused on Bringing Cutting-Edge Actuators to Strengthen their Product Portfolios
Some prominent manufacturers of electrical naval actuators in the U.S. include MOOG Inc., Honeywell International Inc., Emerson Electric Co., Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Rockwell Automation, Inc., Woodward, Inc., and Flowserve Corporation. These companies are innovating technologies to offer customers an improved product portfolio is a key strategy for the market players of electrical naval actuators. The competitive landscape of actuator systems is covered in the U.S. naval actuator market research report.
The research report offers an in-depth industry analysis. It focuses on critical factors such as top manufacturers, product categories, and common applications of their services. The report also identifies key trends in the U.S. market and offers insights into market trends. In addition to the above, the report includes many other factors that have influenced the market's growth prospects in recent years.
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CAGR of 1.49% from 2023 to 2030
Value (USD Million)
By Platform, Type, System, Component, and Application
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 738.4 million in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 816.0 million by 2030.
The market will exhibit a CAGR of 1.49% over the forecast period.
The drives sub-segment is leading in the component segment.
MOOG Inc., Honeywell International Inc., Emerson Electric Co., Curtiss-Wright Corporation, Rockwell Automation, Inc., and Woodward, Inc are the major players in the global market.
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