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The global x-ray inspection system market size was valued at USD 2.27 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 2.37 billion in 2023 to USD 3.44 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.4% during the forecast period.
X-ray inspection is a method of non-destructive testing that utilizes radiography. It is mainly used to detect Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI). X-ray inspection techniques are used in various applications, such as inspecting cracks or detecting external matter in the material. These techniques find wide usage in the automotive, food, and pharmaceutical sectors.
The growing use of minute goods in the electronics industry necessitates quality inspection. With the help of an x-ray inspection system, hidden defects can be identified. The scan can detect density variations due to corrosion, weld, wet insulations, blockages, and other density changes without requiring the removal of expensive insulation.
COVID-19 Impeded Market due to Decreased Demand for X-Ray Inspection Systems from End-user Industries
The COVID-19 pandemic significantly affected supply chains across the world, thereby impacting the supply and availability of x-ray inspection equipment and services. Production plants and distribution channels were subjected to temporary restrictions, closures, and compelled to reduce their production capacity. As a result, the manufacturing, shipment, and procurement of x-ray inspection equipment faced delays. For example, companies, such as General Electric (GE), Olympus Corporation (Olympus), and others, reported that their supply chain issues and other challenges caused by the pandemic significantly impacted their business.
The impact of COVID-19 also led to a decrease in the product demand from industries such as aerospace, manufacturing, automotive, and oil & gas. In addition, travel restrictions and production halts, as well as financial uncertainties caused by reduced maintenance, repair, and new project activities, resulted in an increased demand for virtual training and certification courses. This scenario also boosted the adoption of remote inspection technologies, such as drones, Remote Visual Inspection (RVI) tools, and robotic systems.
Development of Digital Radiography Technology for X-Ray Inspection is the Latest Market Trend
Digital radiography is a form of radiography that uses digital detector systems to display an x-ray image on a computer screen without the need for chemical processing or intermediate scanning. X-ray radiation from the system is converted into an electric charge, which is then transformed into a digital image by a detector sensor. Compared to other imaging devices, a flat panel detector produces high-quality digital images with a better signal-to-noise ratio and increased dynamic range, resulting in higher sensitivity for radiographic applications.
There are two types of flat panel detectors, indirect and direct conversion. An indirect conversion flat panel detector uses an amorphous silicon photodiode matrix. A direct conversion flat panel detector uses a photoconductor, such as amorphous selenium (a-Se) or cadmium telluride (CdTe), on a multilayer electrode plate. This provides the highest resolution and sharpness. The information on the detector is read by a thin film transistor. In a direct conversion process, photons, such as those from a-Se or cadmium, impact over a photoconductor such as a-Se, cadmium, or amorphous tellurium (a-Te) and are directly converted into electronic signals.
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Market Growth to be Driven by Increasing Need for Quality Assurance Checks from Different Sectors
X-ray inspection equipment and services are essential for verifying material quality and integrity, defect detection, and prevention of accidents. Industries, such as automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, power generation, and oil & gas place great importance on quality assurance. They have placed great emphasis on the safety, reliability, and performance of their product range and infrastructures. Furthermore, advances in x-ray technologies and equipment have broadened the scope of x-ray inspection systems. Effectiveness, precision, and ability to detect hidden flaws have increased with the advancement of x-ray inspection techniques.
Industrial non-destructive testing is commonly used in aerospace, automotive, and manufacturing industries to determine the quality and safety of products. X-ray inspection is an essential part of NDT due to its ability to detect defects and contaminants in a way that does not compromise the integrity and safety of a product. Modern non-destructive tests are used in manufacturing, fabrication, and in-service inspections to determine the integrity and reliability of a product, control the manufacturing process, reduce the cost of production, and ensure a consistent quality level.
Stringent Safety Regulations to Augment Market Development
Governments and regulators around the globe are introducing stringent safety norms to safeguard the environment and public health. Industries have to adhere to safety and quality requirements to comply with stringent regulations. X-ray inspection techniques play a vital role in helping industries comply with the regulatory requirements. This type of inspection can detect flaws in pipelines and structures as well as other equipment.
In addition, x-ray inspection helps in detecting risks related to product failure, structural flaws, and safety. This information helps in the early detection of potential problems, which allows for corrective measures to be taken in a timely manner. X-ray inspection helps in decreasing the likelihood of failure of expensive products, accidents, and inactivity period, thus saving industries money on repairs and maintenance. As a result, the market is projected to expand in the coming years.
High Costs of Machines and Lack of Skilled Workforce to Hamper Market Growth
X-ray inspection has become increasingly popular over the past few years. The costs of these systems increased due to advanced features and specifications offered. Nowadays, x-ray systems vary in price depending on their technology, complexity, and application. For instance, some top-of-the-line semiconductor and electronic inspection systems can cost businesses hundreds or even thousands of dollars. These high prices can be prohibitive for SMEs, who may not be able to afford them.
The z-ray inspection system market is struggling with the lack of skilled personnel who possess the necessary knowledge and expertise to perform effective inspections. X-ray inspection techniques need skilled personnel who possess excellent technical know-how as well as practical experience in operating and evaluating equipment. However, lack of skilled personnel in the industry is expected to impede the x-ray inspection system market growth.
Increased Demand for Digital Imaging for Non-Destructive Testing Applications to Aid Market Growth
Based on technique, the market is classified into film-based imaging and digital imaging. The digital imaging segment is expected to be the dominating and fastest growing segment during the forecast timeline of 2023-2030. Digital x-rays, also known as digital radiography, are x-rays that use digital sensors rather than photographic film, as is the case with a conventional x-ray. Once the image is captured, it is instantly converted into digital data and can be viewed in seconds. Growing demand for digital imaging techniques by non-destructive testing applications will boost the segment growth.
Increased Demand for Direct Radiography in Healthcare Applications to Boost Market Growth
Based on digital imaging, the market is segmented into computed tomography, computed radiography, and direct radiography. The direct radiography segment is the dominant segment and will grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period of 2023-2030. Direct radiography is registered directly at the detector without the need for any intermediate processing steps to acquire the digital signals such as in Computed Radiography (CT). Growing demand for digital imaging by healthcare applications will boost the segment growth.
Growing Security Concerns to Boost Use of Ultra-HD Scanning in X-Ray Inspection System
Based on scanning technology, the market is classified into HD and ultra-HD. The ultra-HD segment is anticipated to be the dominant and fastest growing segment for 2023-2030. Due to growing security concerns at public places, airport terminals, and transit stations, and for public safety, the demand for ultra-HD x-ray inspection systems has been on the rise to scan the premises and luggage.
Rising Adoption of 3D Imaging Systems in Aerospace & Defense Sector to Accelerate Market Growth
In terms of dimension, the market is classified into 2D and 3D. The 3D segment held the maximum share in 2022 and is also going to be the fastest growing segment for 2023-2030.
3D x-ray inspection shows both the top and bottom sides of the PCB in a continuous manner. X-ray inspection combined with an Airborne Optical Inspection (AOI) module can perform inspection tasks that cannot be done with x-ray alone. Growing demand for 3D imaging from aerospace and defense applications will boost the segment growth.
Growing Demand for Non-Destructive Testing in Industries for Materials and Components Testing will Boost Market Growth
Based on application, the market is divided into PCB & passive electronics inspection, non-destructive testing, foreign contaminants inspection, agricultural, bird & animal imaging & inspection, flaw detection & dimensional inspection, leak detection & weld verification, physical properties estimation, case depth determination, and others. The non-destructive testing segment was the dominant segment in 2022. NDT techniques are utilized to evaluate the integrity and quality of materials and components. They include inspection, training, calibration, and equipment rental services. This segment will dominate the market share due to rising demand for quality inspection services from various end-user industries.
The flaw detection & dimensional inspection segment is predicted to be the fastest-growing segment during 2023-2030. Flaw detection refers to the process of finding and measuring sub-surface imperfections in materials. X-ray inspection is one of the most widely used methods for defect detection. Growing demand for flaw detection services from various end-user industries is boosting the segment growth.
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Oil & Gas Segment to Dominate Market due to Rising Demand for X-Ray Inspection in Oil & Gas Infrastructure
Based on end-user, the market is classified into oil & gas, energy & utilities, food processing, healthcare & pharmaceuticals, agricultural, bird & animal imaging & inspection, aerospace & defense, industrial manufacturing, automotive, and others.
The oil & gas segment is estimated to be the dominant and fastest growing segment for 2023-2030. In the oil & gas sector, an X-ray inspection system is mainly used for weld inspection, corrosion detection, pipeline inspection, storage tank inspection, and other checks. This segment is dominating the market and is anticipated to grow significantly, owing to increasing demand for x-ray inspection from oil & gas infrastructure.
Based on geography, the market covers North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East & Africa, and Latin America.
North America X-Ray Inspection System Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)
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North America held a dominant x-ray inspection system market share in 2022 and was valued at USD 0.85 billion during that year. The regional market’s growth can be attributed to the vast presence of Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and service providers.
For example, in January of 2022, Zetec Inc., a Canadian-based company that specializes in x-ray inspection and Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) inspection equipment, software, sensors, and other robotic solutions was acquired by the U.S. company Previan Technologies Inc. (Previan) for an undisclosed sum.
The acquisition allowed Previan to broaden its product & service portfolio with enhanced capabilities and geographic presence. The company is a subsidiary of the American company Roper Technologies Inc. (Roper).
Europe held the second-largest market share in the base year 2022. As a result of this market expansion, the demand for x-ray inspection from the power generation industry is growing. For example, the European Union aims to generate 60 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy by 2030, which is expected to increase the need for substantial infrastructure investments. The increasing focus on renewable sources of energy, such as solar and wind energy, has boosted the need for an x-ray inspection system to assess the state of structures, components, and equipment associated with these sectors.
Asia Pacific captured a major market share in the base year and might be the fastest growing region in the coming years. The growth of this region is due to rapid infrastructure development. Key nations are spending a lot on infrastructure projects, such as highways, railways, and power plants, which need x-ray inspection and maintenance.
The Middle East & Africa market is anticipated to witness moderate growth during the forecast period. The increasing demand for oil & gas inspection is expected to drive the market growth.
The market in Latin America is projected to expand significantly in the future due to the expanding manufacturing industry. In addition, the growing need for such equipment from the mining sector to inspect the mining equipment will also drive the regional market growth.
Development of Advanced Technology by Key Market Players to Propel Market Growth
The market is characterized by a large number of players, including North Star Imaging Inc., Nikon Metrology, Inc., Nordson Corporation, YXLON International GmbH, and others. The major players in the market are concentrating on Mergers & Acquisitions (M&A), new emerging markets, technological innovations, and product innovations to grow their market share. Currently, the leading players in the market are North Star Imaging Inc., Nikon Metrology, Inc., and Nordson Corporation. These companies accounted for a majority of the global market share in 2022. However, due to the absence of stringent entry barriers, the number of domestic players in the global market is expected to grow.
The x-ray inspection system market research report covers all the important factors such as research & development capabilities, quality control, raw material production, and optimization of operating services. It provides insights into the market forecast, market trends, regional analysis, industry trends Porter’s five forces analysis, and competitive landscape of the companies profiled in the market report. Apart from the factors mentioned above, the report covers several factors that have driven the market’s growth in recent years.
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CAGR of 5.4% from 2023-2030
Value (USD billion)
By Digital Imaging
By Scanning Technology
Fortune Business Insights says that the market value stood at USD 2.27 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 3.44 billion by 2030.
Registering a CAGR of 5.4%, the market will exhibit steady growth during the forecast period of 2023-2030.
The oil & gas segment is estimated to be the leading segment in this market during the forecast period.
North Star Imaging Inc., Nikon Metrology, Inc., Nordson Corporation, and YXLON International GmbH are some of the leading players in the market.
North America is projected to be the largest shareholder in this market.
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