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The global automotive battery thermal management system market size was USD 2.09 billion in 2020. The global impact of COVID-19 has been unprecedented and staggering, with a slight decline in the sales & production of the vehicles and decreasing demand across all regions amid the pandemic. Based on our analysis, the market exhibited a huge decline of -18.00% in 2020. The market is projected to grow from USD 2.17 billion in 2021 to USD 7.13 billion in 2028 at a CAGR of 18.5% during the 2021-2028 period. The sudden rise in CAGR is attributable to this market’s demand and growth, returning to pre-pandemic levels once the pandemic is over.
The automotive battery thermal management system involves several digital electronic hardware devices to prevent battery failure and mitigate potential hazardous situations. Moreover, this system ensures that the battery in vehicles operates/functions properly in the final applications. The electric vehicle batteries work precisely at temperature ranges between 20°C to 40°C. Further, this is achieved using battery thermal management systems that keep batteries function properly despite environmental changes.
The original equipment manufacturers are steadily focusing on development & innovation in lithium battery type to increase the adoption of these systems. The leading companies use a liquid, air, and PCM type of technology for cooling & heating the battery in vehicles. Further, the components used by the companies include hybrid and electric vehicle battery cooling chiller, electronic cooling plate, stator cooler, sub-cooled loop radiator, Engine Control Unit (ECU) Cooler, and ADAS cooling. The companies operating in the industry are also taking an active step by offering new products, developments and adopting new strategies to expand their product portfolio and business growth. Therefore, the system market is expected to gain popularity in the forthcoming years.
Reduced Sales of New Vehicles amid COVID-19 to Hamper Market Growth
The global outbreak of coronavirus disease has had a severe impact on the overall automotive industry. Both value & supply chain players have been heavily disturbed. This pandemic has caused immense uncertainty in the industry. Several automotive manufacturers have to shut down their manufacturing plants for a stipulated period. Moreover, limited part supply, non-efficient production in quarantine, a reduced workforce, declining liquidity, and many other factors have lead OEMs to shut down their production facilities.
For instance, global automotive light vehicles (LV) sales have dropped by 20% from 2019-2020. Besides, global EV sales decreased by 18% in 2020, while EV registration for 2021 compared to 2020 has declined by 20%. However, the market players are putting their utmost effort into overcoming the uncertainty caused by the pandemic by incorporating development in the public transport sector. It is worth noting that considering the type of the industry, people are optimistic that once the pandemic situation eases out, the automotive manufacturing-related work business is set to rebound back rapidly.
Although the pandemic's span is difficult to anticipate, recent announcements of the arrival of the COVID-19 vaccines in early 2021 are likely to favor the automotive industry. Moreover, many companies are now resuming public transportation services, thereby implementing various safety procedures & norms that will favor the global market for automotive battery thermal management system.
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Increasing Penetration of Electric Vehicles to Set a Positive Trend for Market Growth
Gasoline fuel-type vehicles are likely to be exhausted in the future. Some European countries such as Norway, the UK, and the Netherlands have already declared to phase out conventional vehicles. The demand for fuel-efficient vehicles has increased recently due to the rise in petrol and diesel prices. The companies are also involved in the activities to lower the overall weight of the electric vehicle as it possesses a higher weight compared to ICE vehicles because of their battery. Moreover, the North American countries such as the U.S and Canada are also actively enforcing the EV vehicle compulsion in effect within the next few years. Such strong developments, coupled with government support, create a demand for the thermal battery management system inside the EV.
Furthermore, the rising demand for plug-in EVs and hybrid vehicles will aid in the growth of EV makers, OEMs, battery and battery technology companies, and automotive BTMS manufacturers. For instance, Valeo Company has developed smart thermal management solutions of batteries for EVs that help maintain better battery life and further increases the battery range by up to 30% in both seasons. In addition, the company also offers electrically driven compressors (EDCs) for cooling batteries and climate control. Therefore, these developments & innovations will help to boost the market growth in the future as EV sales rise.
Increasing Preference for Utilization of Lithium-ion Batteries to Aid Growth
The growing inclination towards advanced technology-based vehicles, including lightweight, is projected to drive the global automotive battery thermal management system market growth. Industry leaders and customers majorly prefer the lithium-ion battery technology used in vehicles for various applications. This is due to its higher energy density, longer life cycle of batteries, and better resilience. Similarly, companies actively use such batteries in thermal battery management systems to ensure proper working and safety.
Automakers have started using such batteries in several applications such as electronic devices, EVs, and industrial machinery, among others. Furthermore, these batteries are prone to hazards and detect all kinds of malfunctions, such as the excessive rise of temperature and electric leak and the state of charge at temperatures in the charging/discharging environment. The COVID-19 situation has alerted many developing countries, including India, to encourage local production of li-ion batteries and automotive battery thermal management systems. The countries are moving towards local production of all the components and raw materials owing to the rising demand for the EV instead of depending on China for Li-ion batteries, electronic components, and other requirements. These steps and supportive government policies and infrastructure development will create a demand for the thermal battery management system market in the coming few years.
Increasing Design Complexity and High Price of System May Restrain Market Growth
The thermal battery management system varies according to vehicle design and battery capacity. Therefore, installation and manufacturing of new units for vehicles incur higher costs. Moreover, the thermal components face issues such as verifying thermal designs of components, designing the optimal flow channels, lowering power requirements, reducing the overall vehicle weight and cost, the battery-specific coolant system, the complexity of model and flow, etc.
Furthermore, the number of component presence and increased temperature caused by high power are hazardous and may result in short circuits or fire. In addition, the use of a thermal battery management system can lead to a notable rise in the final cost of a product or application, resulting in reduced demand from cost-sensitive consumers. Thus, such complexities in the fundamental designing of the automotive battery thermal management system may hinder the growth of the global market.
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HEV Segment Dominates the Market
Based on propulsion type, the key market is segmented into battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV).
The HEV segment holds the largest share globally, and the BEV segment is expected to lead throughout the forecast period. This HEV offers dual transmission, i.e., electric and conventional fuel-based driving range, especially in the region where charging infrastructure is insufficient.
Adoption of advanced and efficient technology for vehicles, rising demand for the electrical, passenger as well as heavy commercial vehicles across the globe, and increasing need for fuel-efficient & emission standard vehicles are some of the factors that will likely enhance the growth of the BEV automotive battery thermal management system market.
The plug-in hybrid EV segment is comparatively growing significantly. The decreasing battery & overall price of such vehicles and government initiatives support the favorable policy related to EV will demand the market in the future.
Air Cooling & Heating Segment Dominates the Market
Based on technology type, the market is segmented into air cooling & heating, liquid cooling & heating, and phase change material (PCM).
The air cooling & heating segment holds the largest share globally, and the liquid cooling & heating segment is expected to lead throughout the forecast period. This air cooling & heating is simple & easy and mostly adopted by the economically sold EV. Moreover, liquid coolants have higher heat conductivity and heat capacity than air and perform very effectively. BMW, Tesla, and others started using liquid coolants due to its high performance for maintaining a battery pack in the temperature range and advancing electric vehicle safety. The phase change material segment also will grow significantly over the coming years.
Conventional Segment Dominates the Market
Based on battery type, the market is segmented into the conventional and solid-state.
The conventional segment holds the largest share globally, and the solid-state segment is expected to lead throughout the forecast period. These conventional batteries, such as lithium-ion-based, lead-acid-based, nickel-based, and others, are majorly used in multiple automotive applications. Most of the thermal battery management components such as chiller, compressor, heating & cooling units, etc., are major uses of such battery types across the globe.
Solid-state batteries do not include any liquid electrolyte, which makes them safer, and it also increases the battery range with quick charging. Thus it also improves the energy density, all such factors altogether responsible for the anticipated growth of the solid-state battery market during the forecast period.
Passenger Car Segment is expected to hold the Largest Market Share
Based on the vehicle type, the market is segmented into passenger cars and commercial vehicles.
The passenger car segment accounts for the largest share in the global market. The dominance can be attributed to the various factors, including a large number of vehicle presence, easy availability and rising disposable incomes, and changing preference of consumers towards adopting newly advanced cars. Further, rapid urbanization, improved living standards, increasing disposable income of individuals, and rising number of higher class sections of the population have increased the spending capacity of individuals on luxuries are the factors responsible for the growth of the passenger car segment.
The commercial vehicle segment has seen significant growth rate due to limited demand for such vehicles compared to the passenger car segment. However, light commercial vehicles contribute majorly to the market growth. And the same segment is expected to grow at a substantial rate during the forecast period.
Asia Pacific Automotive Battery Thermal Management System Market Size, 2020 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific stood at USD 0.99 billion in 2020. The region is likely to dominate the global market for automotive battery thermal management systems owing to the presence of an automotive hub, coupled with the increasing number of vehicle production per year. This growth is attributed to the rapid increase in urbanization, improvement in the standard of living, and rising disposable income leading to evolving preferences of the individuals. Leading automotive players and government are actively working on the reduction of carbon emissions by electrifying transportation. The rising disposable income, favorable government regulations related to the CO2 emission, and the consumer's inclination toward the purchase of electric vehicles with lightweight solutions are the factors responsible for boosting the region's development during the forecast period.
Europe holds the second-largest position in the market owing to the increasing demand for electric vehicles in countries such as Norway and Netherlands. Germany ranks first in this regional market as major sales of all typed vehicles and higher adoption rate of technologically advanced vehicles in the country. Moreover, the European government is strictly following & updating the emission standards norms and plans to impose them across countries.
North America holds the third-largest position in the market. This is due to the highest technology adoption rate and gradually increasing electric vehicle sales across countries. Along with the significant presence of automotive battery thermal management system players in the U.S and Canada are responsible for growth in the market.
The growth of the market in Rest of the World is comparatively lower than in other regions. This is due to the low adoption of technology and less presence of advanced vehicles.
Business Expansion Strategies by Key Players to Brighten Their Market Prospects
Hanon system is the world’s leading automotive supplier and expertise in automotive battery thermal management system solution supplier company. The company has pioneered in providing a wide product portfolio specializing in thermal and energy management. The company started offering its wide range of products, including thermal battery management, to support vehicle manufacturers supplying electric, fuel cell, hybrid, and autonomous vehicles to the global market.
Similarly, in China, Continental AG, the leading player in the auto industry, continued its product expansion regarding the e-mobility components in the Chinese market. The company is planning to begin volume production of the intelligent thermal management system for the electric vehicle.
An Infographic Representation of Automotive Battery Thermal Management System Market
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The automotive battery thermal management system market report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product types, and leading product applications. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors above, the report encompasses several factors contributing to the market's growth over recent years.
Value (USD Billion)
By Propulsion Type
By Vehicle Type
By Battery Type
Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 2.09 billion in 2020 and is projected to reach USD 7.13 billion by 2028.
In 2019, Asia Pacific stood at USD 1.23 billion.
The market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 18.5% and exhibit steady growth during the forecast period (2021-2028).
The conventional battery type segment is the leading segment in this market.
The increasing fuel efficiency and rising adoption of EVs across the globe will drive market growth.
Robert Bosch is the leading player in the global market.
Asia Pacific dominated the market share in 2019.
The rising sales of electric mobility, a significant development in the use of lightweight material for vehicles, and government regulation and encouragement to buy environment-friendly vehicles are factors expected to drive market growth.
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