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The global electric vehicle battery market size was valued at USD 37.91 billion in 2021 and is projected to grow from USD 49.22 billion in 2022 to USD 98.97 billion by 2029, exhibiting a CAGR of 10.5% during the forecast period. The global COVID-19 pandemic has been unprecedented and staggering, with EV battery experiencing higher-than-anticipated demand across all regions compared to pre-pandemic levels. Based on our analysis, the global market exhibited a growth of 27% in 2020 as compared to 2019.
As the demand for Electric Vehicles (EVs) across the globe is increasing, so is the demand for electric vehicle batteries. Government focus on rapid electrification to reduce the dependence on imports of fossil fuels and to fight climate change are some of the major factors influencing the adoption of electric vehicles worldwide. Additionally, environmental concerns among the populace worldwide are influencing the adoption of green mobility, further driving the adoption of e-vehicles, which is anticipated to accelerate global electric vehicle battery market growth during the forecast period.
A wide range of batteries are used in electric vehicles, depending on their function and type. Batteries used in electric vehicles include lithium-ion, lead acid, nickel-metal hydride, and other batteries. Emphasis of the leading automakers on rolling out new vehicles with long-range and high battery capacities for the early development and adoption of their EVs is anticipated to surge the demand for EV batteries worldwide.
Favorable Regulatory Framework for EVs amid the Pandemic to Propel Market Growth
Despite the downfall of the automotive industry during the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for e-vehicles continued to increase due to supportive regulatory frameworks provided by governments worldwide. Even before the pandemic, many countries were strengthening key policies such as CO2 emissions standards and Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandates. Till 2021, over 20 countries announced bans on the sales of conventional cars or mandated all new sales to be BEVs. Therefore, increasing eVehicle sales during the COVID-19 pandemic fueled the global market growth.
Additionally, incentives and tax benefits offered by governments worldwide have safeguarded the market from the global economic downturn. For instance, in 2020, the growth in electric car registrations in the Europe region in spite of the economic fall reflects two policy measures. The first is that 2020 was the EU’s target year for carbon dioxide emissions standards that limit the carbon dioxide emissions per kilometer driven by new cars and tax benefits offered by European economies such as Belgium, Germany, Italy, the U.K., and others.
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Rising Mega-Trend for Electrification to Drive Market Growth
Rapid electrification is one of the ongoing trends in the market. The government's focus on establishing a strong network of EV charging stations and the EV ecosystem to drive the adoption of emission-free mobility is anticipated to influence the global EV battery market growth. In addition, OEMs' emphasis on embracing electrification more widely is also influencing the global market.
For instance, 18 of the 20 largest automakers (in terms of vehicles sold in 2021), which together will account for around 90% of the new car sales worldwide in 2021, have concrete plans to boost production of the current electric line-up and increase the number of available models. The exponential increase in Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), which are equipped with large lithium-ion batteries, and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (PHEVs) operating on the road will necessitate the implementation of high-power charging infrastructure in the next decade. These factors will influence the adoption of EVs and, in turn, the battery demand in the major markets.
Declining Electric Vehicle Battery Cost to Augment Growth
The cost of electric vehicle batteries has been declining over the past decade. For instance, as per the Global Change Data Lab, the cost of lithium-ion batteries has dropped by nearly 97% in the past 30 years. Lithium-ion battery is one of the most highly utilized batteries in electric vehicles; therefore, the declining cost of these batteries is anticipated to influence the adoption of EVs, creating lucrative revenue growth opportunities for the market growth in the coming years.
Increasing Consumer Spending on EVs to Drive the Market Growth
According to the Global EV Outlook Study published by the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2021, consumers spent USD 250 billion on electric car purchases in 2021, a 108% increase from 2020. The government’s share of total spending on electric cars remained at 10%, down from about 20% only five years ago.
Additionally, sales of Electric Vehicles (EVs) doubled in 2021 from 2020 to a new record of 6.6 million. Back in 2012, just 120,000 electric cars were sold worldwide. Public spending on EV subsidies and incentives nearly doubled in 2021 to almost USD 30 billion. Therefore, increasing public spending on EV adoption is one of the major drivers of the market.
Potential Raw Material Shortages May Hamper Market Growth
China delivers three-quarters of all lithium-ion batteries, 70% of production capacity for cathodes, and 85% for anodes. In addition, Europe is responsible for over one-quarter of global assembly, but it has a tiny supply chain apart from cobalt processing at 20%. Moreover, the South Korean and Japanese economies have considerable shares of the supply chain downstream of raw material processing, particularly in the highly technical production of cathode and anode material.
The rapid increase in EV sales during the pandemic tested the resilience of battery supply chains. Closed battery manufacturing facilities during COVID-19 and political disputes between economies that are part of the battery supply chain are anticipated to create a shortage of raw materials, further restraining market growth.
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Growing Lightweight Lithium-ion Batteries to Drive Segment Growth
Based on battery type, the market is segmented into lithium-ion, lead acid, nickel-metal hydride, and others.
The lithium-ion segment held the largest market share in 2021 and is expected to continue its dominance in the near future. Increasing demand for electric vehicle batteries with lightweight and high energy density for efficient operation is likely to drive the lithium-ion segment growth during the forecast period. Moreover, currently, all pure electric vehicles and the majority of hybrid electric vehicles utilize lithium-ion batteries as the main power unit. Furthermore, manufacturers' focus on conducting research and using various chemistries of lithium-ion to improve the energy density of the electric vehicle battery is likely to generate lucrative revenue growth opportunities in the coming years.
The lead-acid segment held the second-largest market share in 2021. All electric vehicles utilize lead-acid batteries as auxiliary power units to power secondary functions such as headlights, steering wheels, and others. Therefore, increasing EV sales are also driving the adoption of auxiliary power units, further influencing segment growth. However, energy storage solution providers such as Tesla are developing lightweight lithium-ion batteries to use as auxiliary power units. This may hamper the segment growth in the coming years.
The nickel metal hydride segment held a considerable market share in 2021. Various hybrid vehicle manufacturers, such as Toyota, Honda, and others, prefer nickel metal hydride batteries. Therefore, increasing demand for hybrid vehicles among the populace in emerging economies is likely to drive the segment growth during the forecast period.
The others segment includes sodium-ion batteries that are currently under development and are expected to enter mass production post-2025. Sodium-ion batteries are a low-cost alternative to lithium-ion batteries. Therefore, the expected surge in demand for batteries made from sodium-ion chemistry is anticipated to influence segment growth in the coming years.
Rising Electric Vehicle Sales to Drive Segment Growth
Based on vehicle type, the market is segmented into Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs).
The BEVs segment held the largest market share in 2021 and is anticipated to continue its dominance with the highest CAGR during the forecast period. Increasing demand for zero-emission vehicles across Europe and other emerging economies to fight climate change and reduce fossil fuel dependency is anticipated to drive segment growth over the forecast period. In addition, the growing popularity of BEVs among developing economies for their low operating costs is also expected to influence segment growth in the near future.
The PHEVs segment held the second-largest market share in 2021. PHEVs can be charged from an external power source. Additionally, they also consist of an IC engine to power the vehicle. Therefore, PHEVs fill the gap between HEV and BEV, further providing a significant travel range and battery capacity along with fossil fuel-powered IC engines as an additional power source to drive the vehicle during low charging conditions. Therefore, the increasing popularity of PHEVs among the populace is driving segment growth.
The HEVs segment held a considerable market share in 2021. Increasing demand for hybrid vehicles in economies with a lack of charging infrastructure is anticipated to propel the segment’s growth. Moreover, automakers such as Toyota, Honda, and others that are focused on developing new-generation hybrid vehicles are likely to create lucrative revenue growth opportunities in the coming years.
Asia Pacific EV Battery Market Size, 2021 (USD Billion)
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Asia Pacific dominated the global EV battery market share, valued at USD 17.70 billion in 2021 and is expected to retain its position throughout the forecast period. Surging EV sales in China is one of the major drivers of market growth in the region. For instance, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA), in 2021, China witnessed the highest sales of electric vehicles worldwide, reaching 3.3 million units of sales. Therefore, increasing demand for electric vehicle batteries in China to cater to the surging sales is likely to drive market growth in the region. Moreover, China is one of the major parts of the global electric vehicle battery supply chain; therefore, increasing localized manufacturing of battery raw materials, parts, and components in China and other economies across APAC, such as India, Japan, and South Korea, is likely to accelerate the market growth.
Europe held the second-largest market share in 2021. An increasing number of emission control norms and stringent regulations to fight climate change is expected to boost the adoption of electric vehicles in the region, further driving the demand for batteries. For instance, in 2021, Europe witnessed the second-highest number of sales after China. According to the IEA, Europe witnessed 2.3 million units of sales in 2021. Moreover, a favorable regulatory scenario coupled with the offered subsidies, incentives, and tax benefits for the adoption of EVs across European economies is likely to accelerate market growth in the region.
North America held a considerable market share in 2021. Increasing demand for BEVs in the U.S. is driving market growth. The U.S. government is highly focused on reducing its dependency on China for the supply chain. Therefore, rising government investment to accelerate localized component manufacturing and strengthen the EV supply chain is likely to propel market growth in the region.
Automakers Focus on Strategic Partnership with EV Battery Makers to Drive the Competition
The market is significantly consolidated and is led by some of the global players operating in the industry. Well-established players, such as Panasonic, BYD, CATL, and LG Energy Solutions, held the largest market share compared to others. To ensure a steady supply of batteries, almost all the leading automakers are focused on establishing strategic partnerships with battery manufacturers, which increases market competition.
With its Focus on Ramping up its Capacity, Panasonic Group is One of the Leading Players in the Market
Panasonic is one of the leading automotive battery and electronic product manufacturers based in Japan. The company provides electric vehicle batteries to leading automakers such as Tesla and Toyota. Additionally, it offers a wide range of batteries, including lead acid, lithium ion, nickel metal hydride, nickel cadmium, and others for various applications. The company is significantly investing in setting up manufacturing plants for batteries to ramp up lithium-ion battery production.
An Infographic Representation of Electric Vehicle Battery Market
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The research report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, products, and leading applications of the products. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors above, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.
Value (USD Billion) & Volume (Thousands of Units)
By Battery Type
By Vehicle Type
Fortune Business Insights says that the market was valued at USD 37.91 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 98.97 billion by 2029.
The market is expected to register a CAGR of 10.5% during the forecast period 2022-2029.
Surging global electric vehicle sales is expected to drive the market growth.
Asia Pacific led the global market in 2021.
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