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Border Security Market Size, Share & Russia-Ukraine War Impact Analysis, By System (Cargo Scanner, Elemental Isotope Detector, Ground Sensor, Radar System, Night-Vision Goggles, Unmanned Systems, Satellite Surveillance, Communication System, Biometric System, and Others), By Platform (Land Port, Ports, and Aviation), and Regional Forecast, 2023–2030

Region : Global | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI105208



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The global border security market size was valued at USD 45.76 billion in 2022 and is projected to grow from USD 48.81 billion in 2023 to USD 68.22 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.9% during the forecast period.


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Border protection measures are used to detect and identify threats over a large area. Some of these include illegal immigration, human smuggling activities, and others. This system comprises high-performance radars and cameras that carry out an immediate warning and threat assessment to develop effective border security solutions. The demand for advanced security solutions is increasing globally due to the growing number of frequent conflicts, coupled with rising geopolitical instabilities and territorial activities, which are proliferating the market growth. An increasing inclination toward the modernization of existing border security infrastructures is further accelerating the border security market growth.


Increasing Demand for Border Protection Systems to Drive the Market Growth

The Russia-Ukraine war is a complex geopolitical issue with significant regional and global security implications, directly challenging the security order and infrastructures established after World War II. Moreover, some factors that have influenced border security are the rising number of frequent conflicts and heightened concerns about border protection in Europe and the rest of the world. These factors have led to increased demand for border surveillance systems, advanced technologies, and equipment to enhance border protection. For instance, in August 2023, Poland and the Baltic countries announced that they would be closing the border with Belarus. This development is due to the presence of Wagner mercenaries in Belarus and the influx of illegal migrants from the Middle East & African countries in the border towns of Belarus.

Citing another instance, in May 2023, the European Council took a decision to sign an agreement with Montenegro with operational activities carried out by Frontex, the Europe-based Border and Coast Guard Agency. Subject to Montenegro's consent, the agreement will facilitate coordination between operations and deployment of Frontex Border Management Teams in Montenegro.

Moreover, some European countries or those concerned about potential spillover effects have allocated more resources to their defense budgets, which include investment in border protection. In addition, increasing demand to address new security challenges arising from the conflict has driven innovation in border security technologies such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), biometric identification tools, and advanced sensor systems. For instance, in June 2022, Thales Technology was selected to supply the new Schengen entry-exit system in Spain. Border management, identity verification, documentation, and biometrics are the areas where expertise is needed in this project. The contract includes over 1,500 manual border inspection units with the relevant hardware and software to ensure a smooth exit clearance.


Growing Adoption of High-Tech Technologies for Protecting the Border is a Major Trend

Border security is essential in a country's defense, which has important implications for governments globally. The complex challenges of preventing terrorism, unauthorized immigration, and drug trafficking have spurred the adoption of numerous technologies. Some of them include biometrics and AIs, which are revolutionizing border surveillance.

Furthermore, strengthening borders with new emerging technologies, such as physical barriers, biometric identification technologies, contraband cargo detection devices, and border surveillance technologies, to track people in remote areas is fueling the demand for advanced border security systems. For instance, in February 2023, to help countries enhance their capacity for security and infrastructure, the European Council called on the Commission to mobilize significant EU funds as soon as possible. These funds shall be earmarked exclusively to provide a comprehensive set of portable and fixed infrastructures such as cars, cameras, electronic surveillance watchtowers, and others.

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Rising Adoption of Unmanned Systems for Threat Protection to Propel the Market Growth

Security products are used in different industries for various applications such as mapping and surveying, aviation photography and videography, asset inspections, rescue operations, research, and emergency response. Moreover, the demand for more effective and efficient long-range obstacle detection and collision avoidance systems is expected to grow at an impressive rate due to increasing adoption of unmanned aviation and unmanned ground or underwater vehicles in the defense industry.

Furthermore, the demand for security is growing due to the deployment of unmanned systems for applications such as site exploration, search and rescue missions, location monitoring, and crowd tracking by defense forces and law enforcement agencies. For instance, in May 2022, the U.S. Army contracted Teledyne FLIR Defense, part of Teledyne Technologies Incorporated, to supply Black Hornet 3 Personal Reconnaissance Systems (PRS). The total agreement was valued at around USD 14 million. These nano UAVs enhance squad and small unit-level Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities.

Growing Adoption of Modern Border Protection Technologies to Accelerate the Market Growth

Due to the rising number of threats, such as increased unauthorized migration and terrorism, emerging countries are under greater pressure to keep the highest level of security. To this end, governments have adopted advanced border protection technologies to ensure effective and reliable border protection. These solutions are designed to identify and avoid potentially dangerous threats in a situation that could jeopardize national security. Moreover, security technology comprises various forms, each with an individual benefit.

Furthermore, technologies, such as eGates, security scanners, camera systems, perimeter intrusion detection systems, radar systems, land vehicles, airplanes and rotary aircraft, maritime and riverine vessels, and unmanned vehicles (UAS, UUV, and UGV), are giving potential protection from different threats from different platforms. For instance, in May 2023, the Turkish defense industry announced its new Low Altitude Radar System Project. This system, used to strengthen border security, will soon be deployed on the Turkish border.


Slow Rate of Implementation of Security Systems and Lack of Proactive Measures to Hamper the Market Growth

One major challenge security solutions companies encounter is a slow implementation process for security systems and solutions. For instance, the implementation of cyber solutions is driven by intelligence gathering by continuously monitoring networks. The key reason for the lack of proactive procurement and implementation is the shortage of proactive measures, especially in cyber security and emergency response.

Rapid action plays an important part in protecting a country against the threat of impending danger. In the early phases of introducing a scanning and facial recognition system, privacy concerns are important for governments. In making such decisions and quickly adopting systems and solutions, public protests also affect governments.


By System Analysis

Growing Adoption of Advanced Radar Systems to Escalate the Segment Growth

Based on system, the market is segmented into cargo scanner, elemental isotope detector, ground sensor, radar system, night-vision goggles, unmanned systems, satellite surveillance, communication system, biometric system, and others.

The radar system segment is the dominant segment and accounted for the largest market share in 2022. The escalating adoption of advanced radar systems for improving border protection is driving the segment growth. The utilization of radar systems is increasing for border security, wide area surveillance, perimeter security, and coastline security and to prevent threats such as counter-drone. For instance, in November 2021, Echodyne won the U.S. Department of Homeland Security contract to design a radar system for the Customs and Border Protection Innovation Team.

The biometric system segment is anticipated to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period. There is an increasing adoption of modern biometric systems such as facial and iris recognition or fingerprint scanning to quickly identify individuals and determine their status. This technology is useful for preventing unauthorized entry and speeding up authorized passenger screening. For instance, in June 2023, the European Union signed a contract with the IDEMIA and Sopra Steria consortium to deliver an advanced shared Biometric Matching System (sBMS). This system would replace Europe’s Entry/Exit Passport Stamps and enhance border protection.

By Platform Analysis 

Rising Deployment of Advanced Radar Solutions across Borders to Boost the Land Port Segment Growth

Based on platform, the market is categorized into land port, ports, and aviation.

The land port segment is expected to dominate, expand at the highest growth rate, and be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period. The increasing adoption of advanced radar systems to detect, identify, and monitor drone activity and others across borders and perimeters is impelling the segment growth. For instance, in November 2021, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Innovation team signed an Indefinite-Delivery/Indefinite-Quantity (IDIQ) contract with Echodyne to deliver industry-leading radars for the U.S. border protection. These new radars will be deployed to protect the country’s land and marine borders and ports of entry/exit.

The aviation segment is expected to be the second-fastest growing segment during the forecast period. With the rise in air passenger traveling and increasing number of airports across the globe, the demand for security solutions is significantly increasing to prevent illegal migrations, narco-terrorist activities, drug trafficking, and others. For instance, in April 2023, Idemia Identity and Security USA and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) inked an Indefinite Delivery, Indefinite Quantity (IDIQ) contract to deliver second-generation Credential Authentication Technology (CAT-2) systems and support services. With an integrated camera providing biometric and self-service capabilities, the second-generation CAT-2 systems allow for automated identity verification. TSA will use this new contract with Idemia to test, design, and install over 1,500 new CAT2 systems across the country's aerodrome security checkpoints.

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Based on region, the market is classified into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East & Africa, and Latin America.

Asia Pacific Border Security Market Size, 2022 (USD Billion)

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Asia Pacific accounted for the largest border security market share in 2022. The increasing defense budgetand rising modernization programs of military forces across India, South Korea, and China are driving the regional growth. The regional expansion can also be credited to the growing number of bilateral conflicts, territorial activities, illegal migrations, drug trafficking activities, and others. Moreover, small and medium-sized enterprises in China, India, Japan, Australia, and others are also experiencing a growing demand for border protection solutions and systems, propelling the market growth in Asia Pacific. The region is expected to witness long-term growth in the global market.

Europe is anticipated to be the fastest-growing region during the forecast period. Due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war, Germany, France, Poland, Italy, and the U.K. are increasing their military budgets owing to enhancing their military capabilities and countries' border safety management. The increasing investment in modernizing armed forces, acquiring advanced border security solutions, and enhancing the readiness levels to respond effectively to any potential threats are further driving the regional growth.

In recent years, North America has witnessed continuous growth in this market. In recent years, the U.S. has been spending on upgrading the naval, land, and aviation systems. Furthermore, the presence of market major players in the region, such as Northrop Grumman Corporation, Raytheon Technologies Corporation, and Lockheed Martin Corporation, is driving the market growth in the U.S. In Canada, the rising adoption of advanced technologies in battlefield management and increasing demand for communication systems are boosting the market growth.

Furthermore, given the large number of suppliers and distributors of security systems across the Middle East & Africa, the regional growth is expected to be significant over the next few years. Similarly, the Latin America market is expected to benefit from increased investments in modernizing port security, witnessing significant growth during the forecast period.


Companies Focus on Mergers and Acquisitions and Partnerships to Gain Competitive Edge

The competitive landscape of this market depicts the domination of selected players such as Lockheed Martin Corporation, FLIR Systems, Thales Group, and BAE Systems, among others. A diversified product portfolio of border protection solutions and increased investment in R&D and strategic acquisition are major factors responsible for the dominance of these companies. Moreover, key players are adopting organic and inorganic growth strategies such as mergers & acquisitions and new product strategies.


  • Northrop Grumman Corporation (U.S.)

  • Airbus SE (U.S.)

  • Raytheon Technologies Corporation (U.S.)

  • Elbit Systems Ltd. (Israel)

  • Thales Group (France)

  • BAE Systems plc (U.K.)

  • Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd. (IAI) (Israel)

  • Leonardo SpA. (Italy)

  • Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. (France)

  • Teledyne FLIR LLC (U.S.)


  • June 2023 – ASISGUARD, a Turkish defense company, was awarded a USD 36.5 million contract to deploy its integrated border protection solution in Nigeria. The company's AI-equipped Songar drones would continue to perform their duties in identifying and neutralizing targets as Nigeria further demonstrates its commitment to strengthening border safety management.

  • March 2023 – Accenture Federal Services won the IT infrastructure operations and modernization contract award from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). It would provide technology support for various programs as an agency dedicated to guarding the national borders and facilitating the free movement of people and trade between countries. The total value of the agreement was USD 380 million.

  • February 2023 - BAE Systems Digital Intelligence announced its plan to partner with the U.K. Home Office to initiate RDT&E of data analysis technology that would help protect the U.K.’s border and simplify processes for traders and travelers. This three-year contract would allow the Border Force and related agencies to regularly monitor vast quantities of data regarding 300 million passenger journeys and 385 million tons of freight carried into the U.K. annually. The total value of the agreement was USD 40.8 million.

  • July 2022 - The U.S. Customs and Border Protection appointed Lumen Technologies to deliver mission-critical communications, internet connectivity, and network services to support the systems and facilities of law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad.

  • December 2021 – Under Lithuania's Ministry of the Interior, the State Border Guard Service (SBGS) awarded IDEMIA a contract to devise comprehensive border-crossing equipment for their Entry/Exit System (EES). Support and maintenance of the systems shall be delivered for five years under the agreement. In addition, concerning the implementation of EU exit systems at borders, IDEMIA also delivered support for some member states such as Denmark, Estonia, and Iceland.


An Infographic Representation of Border Security System Market

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The report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as leading companies, product/service types, and leading applications of the product. Besides, it offers insights into border security market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the factors above, the report encompasses several factors that contributed to the growth of the market in recent years.

Report Scope & Segmentation



Study Period


Base Year


Estimated Year


Forecast Period


Historical Period


Growth Rate

CAGR of 4.9% from 2023 to 2030


Value (USD Billion)


By System

  • Cargo Scanner

  • Elemental Isotope Detector

  • Ground Sensor

  • Radar System

  • Night-Vision Goggles 

  • Unmanned Systems

  • Satellite Surveillance

  • Communication System

  • Biometric System

  • Others

By Platform

  • Land Port

  • Ports

  • Aviation


North America (By System, By Platform, By Country)

  • U.S. (By Platform)

  • Canada (By Platform)

Europe (By System, By Platform, By Country)

  • U.K. (By Platform)

  • Germany (By Platform)

  • France (By Platform)

  • Russia (By Platform)

  • Rest of Europe (By Platform)

Asia Pacific (By System, By Platform, By Country)

  • China (By Platform)

  • Japan (By Platform)

  • India (By Platform)

  • South Korea (By Platform)

  • Australia (By Platform)

  • Rest of Asia Pacific (By Platform)

Middle East & Africa (By System, By Platform, By Country)

  • Saudi Arabia (By Platform)

  • Israel (By Platform)

  • UAE (By Platform)

  • South Africa (By Platform)

  • Rest of Middle East & Africa (By Platform)

Latin America (By System, By Platform, By Country)

  • Brazil (By Platform)

  • Argentina (By Platform)

  • Rest of Latin America (By Platform)

Frequently Asked Questions

As per a study by Fortune Business Insights, the market size was valued at USD 45.76 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 68.22 billion by 2030.

The market is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 4.9% during the forecast period (2023-2030).

Based on system, the radar system segment is expected to dominate the market during the forecast period.

Some of the top players in the market are Lockheed Martin Corporation, Northrop Grumman, and Thales Group.

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