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Asthma Treatment Market Size, Share & Industry Analysis, By Treatment (Long-Term Control Medications, and Quick-Relief Medications), By Route of Administration (Injectable, Oral, and Inhaled), By Distribution Channel (Hospital Pharmacies, Retail Pharmacies & Drug Stores, and Online Pharmacies), and Regional Forecast, 2020-2032

Last Updated: June 03, 2024 | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI101039



The global asthma treatment market size stood at USD 18.08 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 32.81 billion by 2032, exhibiting a CAGR of 4.6% during the forecast period. North America dominated the global market with a share of 51.99% in 2019.

In the current healthcare scenario, respiratory health is of paramount importance, especially because respiratory diseases such as asthma are one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report on “The Global Impact of Respiratory Disease” published in 2017, an estimated 334 million individuals suffer from asthma. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), during the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic, individuals suffering from moderate to severe asthma were at a greater risk of falling ill with acute respiratory disease. Numerous clinical trials are being conducted by market players for the development of new therapeutics for asthma, especially in light of the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic.


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Increasing R&D for Advanced Asthma Therapeutics to Augment Market Growth

One of the key market trends prevailing in this market is the strong and robust R&D being undertaken by key market players for the development of advanced therapeutics for asthma. Since asthma is a chronic disease that affects a substantial number of patients worldwide including children, a number of prominent pharmaceutical companies are involved in developing drugs for asthma. This involvement includes the presence of several strong pipeline candidates for asthma treatment in various stages of clinical trials. For instance, in September 2019, Novartis announced positive results from the phase III IRIDIUM study of inhaled combination QVM149 in patients diagnosed with uncontrolled asthma. This drug candidate for asthma treatment allows patients to better control their asthma symptoms, which enables a greater improvement in the patients’ lung function. Positive clinical developments as such is projected to further propel the asthma treatment market growth during the forecast period.


Increasing Prevalence of Asthma Worldwide is Anticipated to Fuel Demand for Better Asthma Treatment Outcomes

One of the critical market drivers of this market is the increasing prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma globally. Asthma is considered to be the most common chronic disease worldwide, and this has particularly driven the need for advanced therapeutics for asthma treatment. Asthma, if especially present in the individual in the severe form, is a severely debilitating disease and thus requires the administration of treatment drugs for asthma. Thus, the increasing need for a better quality of life for the patients undergoing asthma treatment is also expected to drive the market growth. According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI), in the United States in 2016, it was estimated that approximately 8.3% of children in the U.S. had asthma. The introduction of low cost and effective therapeutics is anticipated to drive the growth of the global market during the forecast period.

The other critical driver is the increasing need for better clinical and therapeutics for asthma in light of the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic. Since, both the COVID-19 and asthma are respiratory illnesses, there is a greater demand for asthma treatment. This is primarily because since asthma is considered to be the most common chronic illness, with a large patient population pool, the COVID-19 is anticipated to worsen the symptoms of asthma in the individuals suffering from it, thus necessitating the need for effective asthma treatment. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), during the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic has issued special guidelines for patients undergoing treatment for asthma and also advocated greater precaution for asthma patients. This is projected to spur the demand for advanced asthma treatment drugs which, in turn, will favor growth of this market.

Increasing Number of Product Launches to Drive the Asthma Treatment Market Growth

In light of the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic, there is a greater demand for various types of treatment drugs for asthma, because both the respiratory illnesses are closely linked. The increasing demand for asthma treatment has led to the U.S. FDA issuing priority regulatory approvals to a number of asthma drugs, which includes key generic equivalents. For instance, in April 2020, the U.S. FDA provided regulatory approval to Cipla’s key generic asthma treatment drug, and a similar generic equivalent from Lupin is also anticipated to gain regulatory approvals. Such developments and trends are further leading to the increasing product launches of significant capability from prominent companies. The increasing product launches are further undertaken in order to ensure that there are no significant asthma medications shortages. The above factors combined with the need for efficient therapeutics is further projected to fuel the demand for these drugs and boost the global market growth. 


High Cost of Asthma Medications Coupled with Underdiagnosis of Asthma to Restrain Market Growth

Despite the increasing prevalence of asthma globally including in both, emerging markets such as Asia, and developed markets such as North America, there are certain restraining factors that are limiting the adoption of these therapeutics. One of the major factors restraining the growth of the market is higher costs associated with asthma inhalers, which is often considered the primary treatment for Asthma. For instance, the prices of Advair, a critical asthma drug has risen from US$ 316 in 2013 to US$ 496 in 2018, documenting an increase of 56.0%. Apart from the high medication costs, another critical factor has further limited market growth: the underdiagnosis of asthma. Underdiagnosis of asthma leads to poorer clinical outcomes for the patient who are unable to adopt the appropriate asthma pharmaceuticals as a treatment for their medical condition. Such factors are anticipated to significantly restrain market growth.


By Treatment Analysis

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Long-Term Control Medications Dominated the Global Market

Based on treatment, the global market is segmented into long-term control medications and quick-relief medications. Since asthma is considered to be a chronic disease, the primary treatment for such disorders is often long-term medications for the control and management of asthma symptoms. Hence, long-term control medications dominated the global market share in 2019. Some of the key medications of this segment include Advair, Qvar, Symbicort and have been instrumental in the dominance of this segment in the global market. Some of the key drug classes of this segment include inhaled and combination corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, anticholinergics, and immunomodulators.

The quick-relief medications segment is anticipated to account for the second-largest segment. The drug classes under this segment include short-acting beta-agonists (SABAs) and the medications in this segment provide prompt relief of asthma symptoms by the relaxation of airway muscles. Some of the key asthma medications of this segment include albuterol sulfate.

By Route of Administration Analysis

Large Number of Products Administered Through Inhalation Anticipated to Aid in the Dominance of the Segment

In terms of route of administration, the market is segmented into injectable, oral, and inhalation. The inhalation segment is anticipated to dominate the route of administration segment because a significant number of products for treatment of asthma are administered in this form. Some of the prominent products include Pulmicort, and Qvar and this segment is anticipated to hold control over its market share in the forecast period, resulting in the dominance of this segment in the global market. The injectable segment is anticipated to experience growth in the forecast period because a number of immunomodulators, a key drug class, is anticipated to grow in the forecast period and these drugs are injected subcutaneously.

The oral segment is anticipated to experience limited growth in the forecast period. The increasing influx of generic equivalents, and the increasing uptake of immunomodulators, is expected to limit the growth of the segment during the forecast period.

By Distribution Channel Analysis

Higher Administration of Therapeutics at Hospital Pharmacies to Enable Dominance of the Segment

In terms of distribution channel, the market is segmented into hospital pharmacies, retail pharmacies & drug stores, and online pharmacies. One of the key reasons for the dominance of the hospital pharmacies segment is that the therapeutics used in asthma treatment can often be prescribed only in hospital settings with trained medical professionals. This enables the proper adherence to the treatment guidelines and also the appropriate and safe administration of critical therapeutics, some of which have to be administered through subcutaneous injections. Such proper and appropriate treatment often allows for the effective control of asthma symptoms.

The retail pharmacies & drug stores are anticipated to command the second largest market share, because the refilling of asthma prescriptions such as inhaled corticosteroids which can be undertaken at these locations, are some of the major factors responsible for the growth of this segment in the forecast period. 

The online pharmacies are anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR, because of the ease and convenience given to the patients in terms of acquiring the critical asthma medications.


North America Asthma Treatment Market Size, 2019 (USD Billion)

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The market size in North America stood at USD 9.40 billion in 2019. The market in the region is characterized by a high prevalence of asthma, and also the greater awareness of advanced and efficient asthma therapeutics. These factors, along with higher awareness among patient population towards new and emerging therapeutic options, the strong market growth potential of the region due to underdiagnosis of asthmatic patients and the presence of major biopharmaceutical companies are their strong product offerings, are responsible for a dominant share of the region in the global market. Europe accounts for the second-largest market share because asthma is the most common noncommunicable disease amongst children in the region and this is anticipated to drive the adoption of advanced therapeutics in the region. The market in Asia-Pacific is projected to register a comparatively higher CAGR during the forecast period. The increasing presence of key products in the region is anticipated to drive the demand for asthma drugs during 2020-2027. For instance, the growth of Pulmicort, a key asthma drug, in the region was driven by a positive performance in China and coupled with the presence of a large and underpenetrated market in the region, together are projected to drive the market growth in Asia Pacific during the forecast period. The rest of the world market comprises of Latin America and the Middle East & Africa and is currently in the nascent stage. However, increasing prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and growing launches of key products including efficient generic asthma therapeutics is projected to fuel the market demand during the forecast period.


Strong Asthma Drugs Portfolio of AstraZeneca, and GlaxoSmithKline, to Help these Companies Maintain a Leading Position

Competitive landscape of the market depicts a monopolistic market structure, a market structure that has the presence of numerous companies. In this landscape, two companies dominated the market due to their strong products with respect to asthma drugs: AstraZeneca, and GlaxoSmithKline. For, GlaxoSmithKline, the prominent product offerings included Advair and Flovent HFA / Flovent Diskus. And for AstraZeneca, the main product offerings for asthma include Pulmicort Flexhaler and Symbicort. These are the prominent factors responsible for the dominant market positions of these companies.

However, there are other prominent market players such as Merck, and Teva, who also command significant market revenue shares in the global market. This is projected to positively impact the global market as these companies are poised to gain market share during the forecast period through the increasing sales of their product offerings.



  • April 2020 – Cipla Inc., announced the successful completion of phase III clinical study of a generic asthma drug, fluticasone propionate and salmeterol inhalation powder, which is indicated for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD). This pipeline candidate is the generic equivalent of Advair Diskus 100/50 mcg.

  • April 2020 – The U.S. FDA announced the regulatory approval for Cipla’s generic asthma inhaler, the generic equivalent of albuterol inhaler, in particular response to the shortages of asthma medications due to the COVID-19 crisis. This drug is often considered a rescue medication for individuals with asthma.

  • October 2019 – The U.S. FDA announced the regulatory approval for AstraZeneca's asthma drug Fasenra for self-administration.


An Infographic Representation of Asthma Treatment Market

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The asthma treatment market report provides a detailed analysis of the market and focuses on key aspects such as the prevalence of asthma - by key regions - 2019, pipeline analysis, key industry developments, regulatory scenario - by key regions, an overview of emerging treatments for asthma, overview of guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma (EPR-3), and reimbursement scenario - by key regions. Besides this, the report offers insights into the market trends and highlights key industry developments. In addition to the aforementioned factors, the report encompasses several factors that have contributed to the growth of the market over recent years.

Report Scope & Segmentation



Study Period


Base Year


Forecast Period


Historical Period



  Value (USD billion)


By Treatment

  • Long-Term Control Medications

  • Quick-Relief Medications

By Route of Administration

  • Injectable

  • Oral

  • Inhaled

By Distribution Channel

  • Hospital Pharmacies

  • Retail Pharmacies & Drug Stores

  • Online Pharmacies

By Geography

  • North America (U.S. and Canada)

  • Europe (U.K., Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Scandinavia, and Rest of Europe)

  • Asia-Pacific (Japan, China, India, Australia, Southeast Asia, and Rest of Asia-Pacific)

  • Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, and the Rest of Latin America)

  • The Middle East & Africa (South Africa, GCC, and the Rest of the Middle East & Africa)

Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the global market size was USD 18.08 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 26.01 billion by 2027.

In 2019, the market value stood at USD 18.08 billion.

Growing at a CAGR of 4.5%, the market will exhibit steady growth in the forecast period (2020-2027).

Long-term control medications segment is expected to be the leading segment in this market during the forecast period.

Anticipated introduction of more advanced therapeutics in the market, coupled with significant unmet clinical need due to the increasing prevalence of asthma, is fueling the demand for the market

AstraZeneca, and GlaxoSmithKline are the leading players in the global market.

North America dominated the market share in 2019.

Growing R&D initiatives and clinical trials by market players coupled with the increasing prevalence of respiratory diseases such as asthma is expected to drive the adoption in the market.

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