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Lithium Ion Battery Recycling Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Chemistry (Lithium Cobalt Oxide, Lithium Iron Phosphate, Lithium Manganese Oxide, Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide, and Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide), By Source (Electronics, Electric Vehicles, Power Tools, and Others), By Process (Physical/Mechanical, Hydrometallurgical, and Pyrometallurgical), and Regional Forecast, 2023-2030

Region : Global | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI100244

 

KEY MARKET INSIGHTS

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The global lithium ion battery recycling market size was valued at USD 3.22 billion in 2022. The market size is projected to grow from USD 3.79 billion in 2023 to USD 14.89 billion by 2030, exhibiting a CAGR of 21.6% during the forecast period.


A Lithium-Ion Battery (LIB) is a type of electrochemical cell made up of components, such as electrodes and catalysts to support power generation for various applications. Materials present in the cathode and anode tubes consist of various precious metals with limited reserves and high resale values. Consequently, the recycling process of li-ion batteries is utilized to extract and sell the raw materials accumulated in the electrode composition to lower the overall project cost and reduce the environmental impact. These factors will help the lithium ion battery recycling market grow.


COVID-19 IMPACT


Disruptions in Supply and Shipment Channels Caused by COVID-19 Hampered Market Growth 


The novel coronavirus or COVID-19 infection caused a significant delay in operations across different industries. The pandemic plummeted numerous verticals into the girth of declining revenue and demand, affecting the financial health of organizations. Additionally, different administrations rolled out policies, such as national lockdowns and social distancing rules to counter the spread of the viral disease, thereby harming industrial procedures.


Furthermore, countries without the required recycling infrastructure supplied exhausted batteries to different regions for treatment. Consequently, limitations in cross-border trade to mitigate possibilities of the virus reaching least-affected countries was one of the key reasons that adversely impacted the lithium ion battery recycling industry’s supply chain network. For instance, in April 2020, the World Trade Organization (WTO) projected that the global trade was likely to observe a decline between 13% and 32% in 2020 owing to uncertainties caused by the pandemic across different regions.


LATEST TRENDS


Stringent Policies to Prohibit Disposal of Untreated Chemical Waste is a Vital Market Trend 


Accumulators and batteries play a substantial role in providing a reliable power source to facilitate daily operations in a wide range of applications. Various governments and organizations across the globe have introduced stringent norms and standards to treat the materials present in lithium ion battery recycling chemistry. This factor is likely to augment the global lithium ion battery recycling market growth. For instance, the European Union follows the Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament to mandate the proper collection of accumulators and batteries along with their waste treatment. The framework also aims at reducing environmental pollution by effectively collecting and recycling waste batteries at high rates.


Growing Efforts to Propel Commercialization of Battery Recycling Technology to Shape Industry Prospects


The market has observed the implementation of significant expansion strategies by various public and private players to enhance their recycling capacities to expand the lithium ion battery recycling industry landscape. The setup of new recycling infrastructures is expected to greatly augment the rate of commercialization of various lithium ion battery recycling processes. It is also anticipated to generate high technology demand over the upcoming decades for lithium ion battery recycling. For example, in December 2020, a Canadian li-ion battery recycling company called Li-Cycle announced the inauguration of its new recycling plant in Rochester, New York. The new facility was designed to process 10,000 tons of battery waste a year through a two-step procedure of hydrometallurgy and wet chemistry method to retrieve about 95% of materials.


 

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DRIVING FACTORS


Increasing Demand For Electric Vehicles To Unlock New Potential For The Lithium Ion Battery Recycling Industry


The rise in popularity of electric vehicles is one of the main driving factors for lithium ion battery recycling industry. As more electric cars were being produced and sold the need to recycle their batteries at the end of their life cycle became more apparent. As awareness of environmental issues and the impact of greenhouse gas emissions grew, there was a global push toward adopting cleaner and more sustainable transportation options. Electric vehicles emerged as a viable alternative to traditional internal combustion engines due to their zero tailpipe emission. Continuous improvements in battery technology and electric vehicle design led to longer driving ranges, faster charging time and overall better performance of EVs. This made electric cars more practical and attractive to a wider audience, driving up the demand.


According to the administration of BILITI Electric estimates, there are about 3 million electric cars in the U.S., representing approximately 1% of the total number of cars on the road. In 2022 alone, companies manufactured around 442,000 electric vehicles, indicating a significant increase in automakers' production of electric cars. .


New Government Rules And Incentives Has Enhanced The Production In The Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Industry


Many government around the world are implementing regulations to promote responsible battery recycling and waste management. Incentives and policies supporting the recycling of lithium ion batteries encourage businesses and consumers to participate in recycling programs.  Some countries and regions set specific recycling targets for lithium ion batteries. Manufacturers and recyclers are required to achieve certain recycling rates to meet these targets. Failure to do so can result in penalties or fines. Such recycling targets drive the industry to develop efficient recycling processes and encourage greater participation in recycling initiatives. Government may offer financial incentives or subsidies to support the establishment and operation of battery recycling facilities. These incentives can take the form of grants, tax benefits or low interest loans. Financial support lowers the barriers for businesses to invest in recycling technologies and facilities making lithium ion battery recycling more economical.


RESTRAINING FACTORS


High Initial Investment and Lack of Stern Policies in Some Nations May Hinder Market Growth


The construction of new recycling facilities requires high capital expenditure and dedicated collection & supply chains, the lack of which can limit the growth of this market. Additionally, the absence of a proper regulatory framework in various developing nations to extract battery materials, coupled with the increasing recycling of other batteries, such as lead-acid batteries may pose a problem for the market growth.


SEGMENTATION


By Chemistry Analysis


Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO) Segment Projected To Account For The Major Share Due To Higher Installation Of Battery Bases


Based on chemistry, the industry is segmented into Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO), Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP), Lithium Manganese Oxide (LMO), Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide (NCA), and Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC). The Lithium Cobalt Oxide (LCO) segment is projected to lead the industry in terms of volume as well as revenue owing to the large installed base of these batteries. Besides, the significant presence of recoverable and expensive cobalt material will propel the industry growth.


The lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide (NCA) segment is also set to observe a substantial increase owing to the presence of a large number of old electric vehicle batteries reaching the end of their lifespan. Furthermore, the market growth of batteries, such as Lithium Manganese Oxide (LMO) and lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide (NMC) is backed by the bulk replacement of various consumer electronics and availability of different electric vehicle batteries.


By Source Analysis


Electric Vehicles to Dominate Market Owing to Shift Toward Green Economy


Based on source, this market is divided into electronics, electric vehicles, power tools, and others. The electric vehicle segment is set to hold a dominant part in the lithium ion battery recycling market share. The recovery of batteries from electric vehicles is projected to observe a significant rise due to the abundant availability of different automobiles, such as cars, buses, bikes, and many more. Besides, the electronics segment is also expected to hold a considerable share owing to various factors, such as improved profitability in recycling, disassembling of large devices, and long-standing battery installation in products among others.


By Recycling Process Analysis


Improved Operational Efficiency and Better Metal Recoverability to Propel Adoption of Hydrometallurgical Process 


Based on recycling process, the industry is divided into physical/mechanical, hydrometallurgical, and pyrometallurgical. The hydrometallurgical segment is set to hold a significant position in the global market owing to its environment-friendly operations, less complex procedure, and negligible water and gas emissions. Additionally, the pyrometallurgical segment is anticipated to observe considerable growth due to its economical extraction processes and ability to treat a wide range of battery chemistries.


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REGIONAL INSIGHTS


Asia Pacific Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Market Size, 2019-2030 (USD Billion)

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The regional analysis of the market primarily includes three major regions - North America, Asia Pacific, and Europe. The presence of a large number of recycling companies, availability of different battery manufacturers, large battery installed base, and favorable battery energy storage policies are some of the key factors propelling the Asia Pacific market size. For instance, in January 2020, GS Engineering & Construction Corp., a South Korean civil engineering company, announced the construction of a new facility for the recycling of lithium-ion batteries at an investment of around KRW 100 billion or USD 86 million by 2022. The company declared that the new unit with a projected capacity of 4.5 kilotons was awarded by Pohang City and North Gyeongsang Province administrations to propel the industry outlook.


Additionally, North America's industry size is predicted to grow considerably as different market players are formulating significant plans with respect to the treatment of battery systems established over the years. The regional market growth is also backed by the encouraging investments and regulatory frameworks by various administrations and organizations. For example, in February 2021, the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE), and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) presented the third and final phase of the Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Prize. NREL was expected to be the administrator of the competition prize worth USD 5.5 million which aims to work in line with the DoE’s objective to obtain 90% of all consumed LIBs to recover crucial materials and return the new product to the supply chain.


Europe's market size is also projected to grow significantly over the forecast timeline. Various companies in the region are actively participating in the industry as they are equipped with a combination of treatment technologies to treat different battery chemistries. Furthermore, European countries are supported by the large clean energy generation targets introduced by the European Union to curb the overall carbon footprint from various industry verticals. For instance, in December 2020, the European Commission unveiled its plans to increase the battery recycling and collection targets for industry players. Apex Organization is likely to increase its portable battery collection and recycling objective from 45% to 65% by 2025 to ensure high rates of recovery across the member states.


KEY INDUSTRY PLAYERS


Umicore to Focus on Fortifying Its Presence Through Organic & Inorganic Expansion Strategies


The global market has observed various small and big players participating at various stages of the li-ion battery value chain. These companies are focusing on enhancing their recycling capacities and deploying environmentally friendly processes to improve their market positions. Umicore is a Belgium-based energy company offering a wide range of products & services catering to battery & catalysts production, chemical treatments, battery recycling, and many more industry verticals.


In June 2021, Umicore announced that it would provide equity investment to a U.S.-based battery manufacturer called Solid Power to strengthen its product portfolio for passenger electric vehicles integrated with lithium-ion batteries. The company is focused on increasing its stronghold in battery recycling by integrating the supply chain synergies to expand its usage potential for recycled materials.


LIST OF KEY COMPANIES PROFILED:



  • SNAM (France)

  • Umicore (Belgium)

  • Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd. (Japan)

  • Lithion Recycling Inc. (Canada)

  • BATREC INDUSTRIE AG (Switzerland)

  • American Zinc Recycling Corp (U.S.)

  • Fortum (Finland)

  • DOWA ECO-SYSTEM Co., Ltd. (Japan)

  • Li-Cycle Corp. (Canada)

  • Neometals Ltd (Australia)

  • ACCUREC Recycling GmbH (Germany)

  • AkkuSer (Finland)

  • San Lan Technologies Co., Ltd (China)

  • Duesenfeld (Germany)

  • Glencore (Switzerland)

  • Redux GmbH (Germany)

  • uRecycle Group (Finland)

  • Retriev Technologies Inc. (Canada)


KEY INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS:



  • April 2023 - Glencore, FCC Ámbito, and Iberdrola collectively announced that they had partnered to provide lithium-ion battery recycling solutions on a large scale for Spain and Portugal. The aim is to tackle one of the biggest medium to long-term challenges in the sector, recycling of lithium-ion batteries through the establishment of a purpose-built facility.

  • March 2023 - Fortum Battery Recycling started its EV battery recycling operations in Kirchardt, Germany to offer its services for the collection and processing of end-of-life batteries and production scrap close to central European customers. The hub in Germany can pre-treat over 3,000 tons of batteries per year and is connected to the Harjavalta site where the hydrometallurgical process takes place.

  • February 2023 - Li-Cycle announced that it was awarded USD 375 million loan by the U.S. Department of Energy to develop a recycling facility for key battery materials near Rochester, New York for lithium-ion batteries. Much of the focus has been on mining as while the U.S. has an abundance of lithium, getting it out of the ground is expensive, and such projects frequently face local opposition.

  • August 2022 - Mercedes-Benz Group AG announced that it had partnered with Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Ltd. to build a battery factory in Hungary with an investment of USD 7.6 billion. The factory will have a capacity of 100 gigawatt hours, enough to power more than 1 million cars, and will run on renewable energy.

  • May 2022 - Glencore announced that it had established a strategic partnership with Li-Cycle Holdings Corp., a leading lithium-ion battery recycler in North America. Both the companies announced that battery recycling would form a key part of energy transition. The company’s aim was to support the creation of a genuinely circular economy that supplies recycled materials and minerals back into the battery supply chain


REPORT COVERAGE


The research report offers an in-depth analysis of the market. It further provides details on the adoption of li-ion battery recycling technologies across several regions. Information on trends, drivers, opportunities, threats, and restraints of the market can further help stakeholders gain valuable insights into the market. The report also offers a detailed competitive landscape by presenting information on key players along with their strategies in the market.


An Infographic Representation of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Market

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Report Scope & Segmentation























































ATTRIBUTE



DETAILS



Study Period



2019-2030



Base Year



2022



Estimated Year



2023



Forecast Period



2023-2030



Historical Period



2019-2021



Growth Rate



CAGR of 21.6 % from 2023 to 2030



 



Value (USD Billion), Volume (Tonnes)



Segmentation



By Chemistry, By Source, By Process and By Region



 


Segmentation



By Chemistry



  • Lithium Cobalt Oxide

  • Lithium Iron Phosphate

  • Lithium Manganese Oxide

  • Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide

  • Lithium Nickel Manganese Cobalt Oxide



By Source



  • Electronics

  • Electric Vehicles

  • Power Tools

  • Others



By Process



  • Physical/Mechanical

  • Hydrometallurgical

  • Pyrometallurgical



By Region



  • North America (By Chemistry, By Source, By Process and by Country)

    • U.S.

    • Canada



  • Europe (By Chemistry, By Source, By Process and by Country)

    • U.K.

    • Germany

    • France

    • Belgium

    • Rest of Europe



  • Asia Pacific (By Chemistry, By Source, By Process and by Country)

    • China

    • Japan

    • South Korea

    • Rest of Asia Pacific





Frequently Asked Questions

The Fortune Business Insights study shows that the global market was valued at USD 3.22 billion in 2022.

The market size of Asia Pacific stood at USD 2.91 billion in 2022.

Based on process, the hydrometallurgical segment holds the dominating share in the global market.

The global market value is expected to reach USD 14.89 billion by 2030.

Rising adoption of battery-powered electric vehicles is expected to unlock new growth avenues for the industry.

The Asia Pacific dominated the market in terms of share in 2020.

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