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Linux Operating System Market Size, Share & COVID-19 Impact Analysis, By Distribution (Virtual Machines, Servers, and Desktops), By End-use (Commercial/Enterprise and Individual), and Regional Forecast, 2022-2029

Region : Global | Format: PDF | Report ID: FBI103037



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The global Linux operating system market size was valued at USD 5.33 billion in 2021. The market is projected to grow from USD 6.27 billion in 2022 to USD 22.15 billion by 2029, exhibiting a CAGR of 19.8% during the forecast period. Based on our analysis, the global system market exhibited an average growth of 17.7% in 2020 as compared to 2019.

In the scope, we have considered leading players and their product offerings such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux operating system platforms and Oracle Linux operating system with cloud computing tools in a single support system. Further, Suse Group offers easy-to-manage and adoptable SUSE Linux Enterprise Server SUSE that provides administrators and developers to deploy business workloads in the cloud and on-premises. IBM Corporation provides Linux with high-performance and security-rich operating systems. The market growth is majorly driven by increasing internet penetration and the surge in data centers, cloud deployments, and servers worldwide. For instance,

  • In June 2020, Oracle Corporation invested and opened a second cloud region in Hyderabad, India. The cloud region assisted in improving the performance using secure cloud services with the help of Oracle Corporation’s Mumbai region. Indian customers have gained access to all Oracle Cloud computing services such as Oracle Autonomous Linux, Oracle Autonomous Database, and Oracle Cloud Applications with the cloud server. This investment has created various opportunities for key players in the market.


 Rise in End-Users Spending on Data Center Infrastructure to Boost Market Growth

Since the outbreak of COVID-19, many organizations have been leaning toward open-source software to develop and deliver their solutions. Further, the ease of availability of these open-source software enables small & medium-sized businesses to access cutting-edge technologies for driving collaboration, facilitating knowledge sharing, and managing their operations across the facilities. In addition, during the lockdown, open-source digital workplace solutions such as chat applications, video conferencing platforms, and others gained momentum. The increased demand for open-source software during the COVID-19 pandemic is expected to drive the adoption of the open-source Linux operating system.

According to the Gartner Inc.’s report in 2020, the data center infrastructure revenue declined by around 10.3% in 2020. The end-user spending in 2020 on the global data center infrastructure reached USD 188.00 billion and is expected to reach USD 200 billion in 2021, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Post COVID-19 pandemic, several leading players have planned investments for data center and cloud infrastructure developments, owing to the surge in cloud services adoption by businesses around the globe. For instance,

  • In September 2021, Techno Electrics and Engineering Company planned USD 1 billion investment to establish data centers across major cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, and India.

The server operating system in the data centers is used for network resources management, ensuring data security and monitoring systems, which is expected to drive the market growth.


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Increasing Adoption of Hybrid Cloud Technology to Increase Demand for the Product

Key players in the market, such as CloudLinux, Inc., IBM Corporation, and others, are developing OS-based hybrid cloud computing models. Increasing adoption of OS-based on hybrid cloud platforms with advanced security, enhanced server stability, and density has propelled the market growth. Cloud-based Linux OS is mainly developed for hosting users. This cloud-based operating system helps to isolate users in a separate Lightweight Virtualized Environment (LVE). This offers users secure allocation, partitions, and restrictions for server resources. Cloud-based OS helps to ensure the users’ database and websites from unstable and unwanted scripts and cyber-attacks.

Owing to this, the adoption of cloud-based OS is growing in the market. In addition, cloud-based OS offers a wide range of features such as 80% enhanced server utilization, increased stability, server control, managing and operating data and applications, and others. The increasing adoption of cloud platforms will aid market growth in the near future.

Major players in the market are focused on adopting hybrid cloud computing by strategic mergers, partnerships, and collaborations to expand their business geographically. For instance,

  • In March 2020, Red Hat, Inc. completed a partnership with Ingram Micro and Tech Data in Australia and New Zealand. This partnership expanded the product offering of multi-hybrid cloud solutions for Linux. Also, the partnership helped to develop several business growth and opportunities across North America and APAC.


Increasing Adoption of Linux Operating System among Servers and Embedded Systems to Aid Growth

Linux is a reliable and secure operating system mostly preferred for desktops, servers, virtual machines, and embedded systems. It is an open-source license system where users can customize the operating system by varying the Graphical User Interface (GUI). In addition, the user can develop their own Linux distortion (Distro) in the market with negligible cost. This has resulted in an increased number of different Distros providers, such as Arch Linux, Ubuntu, Fedora, Kubuntu, Mint, and others, available in the market. As per hostingtribunal.com, in 2019, more than 96% of the top 1 billion servers have been run on this OS. Moreover, Linux operating system has gained popularity across commercial embedded applications such as communication applications, supercomputing and clustering, and medical imaging. This drives the growth of the Linux OS market around the globe.

According to net applications, as of May 2020, this desktop operating system has gained popularity and is listed in the top 500 most powerful operating systems around the globe. Moreover, the Android system used on tablets and smartphones is built on the Linux kernel OS and has registered the most extensive installed base globally. This OS is considered a highly preferred operating system for embedded systems and servers and is expected to grow significantly in the coming years.


Intense Competition from Windows and Limited Adoption of Linux OS is Hampering the Market Growth

Although Linux owns several advanced features such as better security, reliability and flexibility, it has a comparatively low market share in consumer markets, owing to higher penetration of Windows OS among enterprises and end-user consumers.

Linux-based OS devices are complex against the threat and have limited specific functionality. It is less user-friendly as compared to Windows GUI. Moreover, for switching to Linux, it is essential to install necessary compatible software, hardware, and drivers in the computer for this operating system. Also, there are limited hardware manufacturers that offer drivers for Linux-based OS as compared to Windows, which hinders the Linux operating system market growth.

Furthermore, this OS is difficult to use compared to Windows, and it requires a high skill set and knowledge about computing. This is challenging for beginners, as they have to learn many different processes and functionalities that hinder the market globally.


By Distribution Analysis

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Servers and Virtual Machines have Highest Sale Generated Due to Rising Demand

By distribution, the global market is segmented into virtual machines, servers, and desktops. Among these, servers are expected to dominate the linux operating system market share during the forecast period. Key players in the market have generated the highest revenue through the sale of OS across servers and virtual machines. Server-based on OS provides various benefits such as pre and post-customizations, advanced security models, high storage facilities, and others to organizations.

Key players such as Red Hat, Inc., IBM Corporation, Oracle Corporation, and others are developing Linux OS for virtual machines and web servers. For instance,

  • In June 2020, the CloudLinux division of TuxCare security services launched QEMUCare Live patching service for Linux operating systems. It runs on virtual machines and hosts through open-source QEMU, open-source hardware, and the emulator virtualization platform.

The virtual machine OS is expected to grow with the highest CAGR, owing to a surge in adoption by users. The growth is primarily attributed to the rise in adoption of the OS in virtual machines across commercial businesses, where security is essential.

By End-use Analysis

Rising Popularity of Content Enabled with Cloud Computing Technologies and Surge in Online Gaming Software Users to Drive Growth

By end-use, the global market is bifurcated into commercial/enterprise and individual. The growth is primarily attributed to the rising demand for cloud-based and hybrid OS among commercial and enterprise users. Several leading companies in the market are launching enhanced graphical interface, security and reliability features-based systems for online gaming software users around the globe.

  • In July 2021, Valve launched Linux and KDE-powered portable gaming system platforms for desktop and PC users. Steam Deck is a Linux-powered KDE interface-based system with compatibility to play Windows games on Linux without additional cost.

With the rise in demand for cloud-based OS and surge in online gaming software users, the commercial/enterprise segment is expected to boost during the forecast period.

Furthermore, the individual segment is expected to grow with a gradual CAGR during the forecast period. The growth in the individual segment is primarily due to its low cost and ease of availability of OS for desktop users. Also, this OS is the most secure, user-friendly, reliable, and flexible operating system for desktops.


North America Linux Operating System Market Size, 2021 (USD billion)

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The global market scope is classified across five regions, North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East & Africa, and Latin America.

North America is expected to dominate the market and capture the highest share during the forecast period. North America generated around USD 1.91 billion in revenue in 2021 and is growing with a significant CAGR during the forecast period. Increasing cloud and data center deployment across the region is also growing, owing to leading companies spending billions each year on establishing the data center infrastructure to accommodate the growing demand for cloud services and operating systems.

Europe is growing with a considerable CAGR during the forecast period. The region made a significant revenue in 2021. The growth in the area is mainly attributable to the increased use of the Internet of Things (IoT) and cloud computing in Germany, Italy, Spain, and others. The market in Europe is dominated due to the surge in demand for the IoT system. According to Gartner, Europe had around 6.40 billion connected devices by 2020, and IoT spending reached around USD 20 billion. Also, in Europe, as of 2019, approximately 135,889 companies, including SMEs and large enterprises, use the Linux operating system for their business unit.

Asia Pacific is anticipated to grow at the highest CAGR during the projected period. China, Japan, India, South Korea, and other countries would provide the most significant CAGR in the area. This is primarily due to substantial growth in the number of data centers in South Korea, China, and Japan, fueling the market expansion in this area. There are currently over 400 data centers in the APAC region, including 79 in China, 47 in Japan, 19 in South Korea, 100 in India, 26 in Singapore, and many more. With the rise in number of data centers based on this OS, the market size in the APAC is expected to boost during the forecast period.

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Internet penetration rates in Latin America and the Middle East & Africa are still early stages. Additionally, rising investment by the large-scale organizations in the IT & telecom industry and an increasing number of regional startups offering OS will drive the market growth. This would boost the region’s market growth.


Market Leaders to Introduce New Capabilities in their Product Offerings to Strengthen Market Position

The company offers user-friendly, reliable, and secured Linux operating system for commercial and individual users at an affordable cost. IBM Corporation offers enterprise platforms such as LinuxONE OS and IBM Z to integrate data, transactions, and insights. IBM Corporation is a major distribution partner of Red Hat, SUSE Group, and Canonical (Ubuntu).

The leading players in the market are adopting several business strategies such as new product launches, partnerships, mergers, and acquisitions to remain competitive in the market. For instance,

February 2022: Slackware Linux Project launched Slackware version 15.0 for desktops. The release features a new user interface, updated applications, upgraded stability and performance, and other enhancements.

June 2021: OpenSUSE launched a 15.3 leap SUSE Linux system with built-in binary packages. OpenSUSE 15 Leap has several updates that support IBM Z s390x and LinuxONE systems.

List of the Key Companies Profiled:

  • Amazon Web Services, Inc. (U.S.)

  • Canonical Ltd. (U.K.)

  • IBM Corporation (U.S.)

  • Oracle Corporation (U.S.)

  • ClearCenter (U.S.)

  • Debian Project (U.S.)

  • Elementary, Inc. (U.S.)

  • Slackware Linux Project (U.S.)

  • Zorin Group (Ireland)

  • MontaVista Software, LLC (U.S.)

  • Plesk International GmbH (Canada)

  • SUSE Group (Germany)


  • November 2021– Amazon Web Services, Inc. upgraded Linux Ready Program to integrate Amazon Linux OS. The upgraded program authenticates AWS Partner software products that run on Amazon Linux 2022 and Amazon Linux 2.

  • June 2021– Google LLC funded a Linux security project to improve the Linux operating system. The Linux kernel language of programming has been hired to create software that improves smartphone security and internet connectivity.


An Infographic Representation of Linux Operating System Market

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The research report provides a comprehensive analysis of the market. It focuses on key aspects such as prominent companies and leading applications of the product. Besides this, the report highlights key industry developments and offers insights into the market trends. In addition to the above-mentioned factors, the report includes several factors that have contributed to the market growth in recent years.




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Value (USD billion)


By Distribution, End-use, Region

By Distribution

  • Virtual Machines

  • Servers

  • Desktops

By End-use

  • Commercial/Enterprise

  • Individual

By Region

  • North America (By Distribution, By End-use, By Country)

    • U.S. (By Distribution)

    • Canada (By Distribution)

  • Europe (By Distribution, By End-use, By Country)

    • Germany (By Distribution)

    • U.K. (By Distribution)

    • France (By Distribution)

    • Italy (By Distribution)

    • Netherland (By Distribution)

    • Spain (By Distribution)

    • Rest of Europe

  • Asia Pacific (By Distribution, By End-use, By Country)

    • China (By Distribution)

    • Japan (By Distribution)

    • India (By Distribution)

    • South Korea (By Distribution)

    • Australia (By Distribution)

    • Singapore (By Distribution)

    • Rest of Asia Pacific

  • Middle East & Africa (By Distribution, By End-use, By Country)

    • South Africa (By Distribution)

    • GCC (By Distribution)

    • Rest of the Middle East & Africa

  • Latin America (By Distribution, By End-use, By Country)

    • Brazil (By Distribution)

    • Mexico (By Distribution)

    • Rest of Latin America

Frequently Asked Questions

Fortune Business Insights says that the market was valued at USD 5.33 billion in 2021.

Fortune Business Insights says that the market is expected to reach USD 22.15 billion in 2029.

Growth of 19.8% CAGR will be observed in the market during the forecast period (2022-2029)

The commercial/enterprise segment is expected to lead during the forecast period within the end-use segment.

Growing preference for Linux OS for servers and embedded systems is likely to drive the market.

Amazon Web Services, Inc., IBM Corporation, ClearCenter, Oracle Corporation, SUSE Group, MontaVista Software, LLC, and Slackware Linux Project are the top companies in the global market.

Virtual machines segment is expected to grow exponentially at the highest CAGR.

The revenue of the market in North America in 2021 was USD 1.91 billion.

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